The vertical and horizontal dimension of land surface

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21
votes
4answers
2k views

How to calculate terrain Curvature?

I have an elevation raster and I would like to get some basic terrain variables, such as slope, ruggedness, aspect or curvature. The problem is that I don't seem to have the possibility to calculate ...
17
votes
7answers
5k views

Are there open access terrain tiles with a permissive license like OSM?

Are there open access terrain pyramidal map tiles with a permissive usage license like OpenStreetMap's? I'm building aviation-related maps with Polymaps and need a good raster basemap. The Google ...
16
votes
5answers
3k views

Given a terrain, how to draw the stream flow path?

Assuming I have a terrain, as usual the terrain has ridges, creeks and all the characteristics that you can find on a real life map. Water flows from the top of the mountain into lower area, the path ...
13
votes
7answers
846 views

How to generate a random but believable digital elevation model?

Is there a way to generate a DEM, programatically or otherwise (arcpy or R?), that will feed into ArcGIS for further spatial analysis? Perhaps this needs to be broken down into smaller incremental ...
9
votes
2answers
789 views

Floodplain generation given river section polylines, flood level elevation points and a DEM of the land surface

I am looking to generate flood plain polygons to represent 20 and 100 year flood zones, in the most accurate and efficient way possible, given the following datasets: 1) River cross section polylines ...
8
votes
2answers
689 views

TRI, TPI, or Roughness

I am working on a site selection projection where I will be unable to perform any in situ observations. A key component of the selection process is the ruggedness of the underlying terrain. I plan ...
8
votes
7answers
20k views

How can I create profile cross-sections in ArcGIS 10?

Because the default 'Profile Graph' tool was not sufficient, I wrote a custom VBA script that creates scaled and exaggerated profile cross-sections in ArcGIS but I need more features: Visualize more ...
8
votes
7answers
907 views

seeking “Available Sky” implementations

I'm looking for implementations of an algorithm called "Available Sky". ArcGIS (Spatial Analyst or GRID) is preferred, but solutions in GDAL, SAGA GIS or others are perfectly acceptable. The ...
7
votes
4answers
481 views

Which ArcGIS product gives full 3D terrain navigation and (flight) simulation?

I looked at the ArcGIS ESRI website and find that 100% of the screenshots depicts a 2D map with at most relief shading. Is there any product ArcGIS or not that gives real 3D terrain visualisation ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Where I can find world terrain data?

I need free terrain data for the whole world which I can import into TileMill. Is there some source where I can download them? Thank you.
6
votes
1answer
5k views

Which is better, DEM or Triangles (TIN/Terrain)

Which is better DEM or TIN? What are the benefits/negatives of each?
6
votes
2answers
313 views

Auto Balancing in EarthWork

I am not sure whether this question belongs here. I think it belongs more to Geo-technical, but anyway, I just give it a shot. During earthwork development, earth terrain has to be cut ( if the ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

How to find the elevation differences between adjacent pixels in ArcGIS?

Is there a way to determine what the difference in elevation is between two adjacent pixels? I am using an SRTM DEM to map faults. I am using the vertical error (>16m) as a criterion for the ...
5
votes
2answers
76 views

Software for amateur topographic surveys

I'm interested in doing rough topographic surveys using my tripod-mounted Brunton transit compass for azimuth readings and laser rangefinder (and maybe an optical level), so obviously going to be much ...
5
votes
3answers
105 views

How do I use the Terrain with Labels basemap in the Map constructor

Seems like all the other basemaps can be used in the esri.Map() constructor, but this one doesn't have a corresponding entry in the list of acceptable values. I've tried just "terrain", and it didn't ...
5
votes
2answers
477 views

Problem Visualizing 3D Terrain Model - USGS DEM

I recently downloaded a GeoTIFF 1 arc second from the USGS National Map Viewer. I added the raster to ArcScene and attempted to visualize the data in 3D. I set the Base Height to Floating on a ...
5
votes
1answer
191 views

Cartographic technique for detailing a 'Focus Area'

I'm working on updating a planning document. Whoever was in charge of cartography last time around used a great technique to identify and showcase focus areas (where to focus money and effort for ...
5
votes
1answer
115 views

Can 2D polygon be used as hard breakline for terrain?

I've been working with TINs for years and have only ever been satisfied when using 3D polylines for breaklines. I am currently transitioning to using terrains and after reading the documentation in ...
4
votes
1answer
542 views

How to create contours from smoothed DEM instead of using Terrain to Raster?

I'm fairly new to working with lidar and have been assigned the task of creating 2ft contours for the entire county using USGS-provided lidar tiles. Is there a significant difference in the accuracy ...
4
votes
1answer
180 views

Generating a vector contour map of fictional terrain

Originally I had asked this on the Graphics Design SE but after some realization of the question I was asking, it's probably better to ask it here. I'm making a fantasy world map in illustrator that ...
4
votes
0answers
304 views

Bringing GIS data into Minecraft

A little off the beaten path...: Denmark has built a 1m:1block Minecraft World using real GIS data. Here's the home page, in Danish: http://gst.dk/emner/frie-data/minecraft/, and an ArsTechnica ...
3
votes
4answers
4k views

Can I convert ESRI Grid (DEM) raster to USGS DEM?

There is a tool for DEM to Raster in ArcGIS but I need to convert my ArcGIS DEM rasters (mostly LiDAR) into USGS DEM. The idea is to import this DEM into Sketchup and create a "sandbox" TIN surface ...
3
votes
6answers
2k views

shadow simulation from buildings

is it possible to use hillshade function in ArcMap to calculate shadow areas of buildings or simulate shadows of buildings, using DSM of the buildings and the sun angle and azimuth?
3
votes
2answers
403 views

Using ArcScripts

I use ArcGIS 10 I want to use an arcscript to compute an index of ruggedness for each cell of my map. For this purpose, I found, Evan's TRI.aml script here: ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

ArcPy delete terrain: cannot be deleted

I can't get my ArcPy script to delete a terrain. If it exists, it should be deleted. However it throws an ERROR 000317: {path} cannot be deleted My script is a lot longer than this, but this ...
3
votes
2answers
552 views

Is it possible to give 2d contours a Z-height from their attribute table in QGIS? (Or ArcGIS?)

I have a contour data file downloaded from UK Ordnance Survey, which gives 2d contours of an area in gml format (also supplied in .shp format) with the heights of each contour attached to the ...
3
votes
2answers
68 views

How to create a raster tiff (dem / heightmap) from a mesh of xyz points?

I have to create a terrain heightmap(raster tif preferably) from mesh of xyz ungridded points(in geographical coordinates), I tried taking min and max of bbox of mesh and making width & height by ...
3
votes
1answer
282 views

Hydro-Enforced/surface constraint DEM Creation using GRASS/QGIS

I am wondering if there is a way to create a hydro-breakline enforced DEM by means of any open source solution? I am able to create a DEM from Lidar data using GRASS, but would like to enforce some ...
3
votes
1answer
28 views

How to export data from saga or tas into excel?

I want to derive terrain attributes from DEM with saga and whiteBox GAT (SAT). I have problem in exporting data into excel. would you help me?
3
votes
2answers
261 views

Hillshade for 30m NED at continental scale

I'm new to terrain analysis. I have a 30m NED DEM (.tif) for the conterminous US. I would like to generate a nice looking hillshade for the US, but it looks bad - as in pixelated and rough (See ...
3
votes
0answers
87 views

Creating one DEM from multiple ASC files

I am struggling with this several days and now its time to ask how to do it in QGIS. I have very detailed 27 ASC grid files with overall size of 9 GB created from 1m contours of large area (600 m2). ...
2
votes
2answers
304 views

Where I can find real world data for triangulation?

I want points for practicing triangulation algorithms. Just points with coordinates [X,Y] and elevation [Z] of real world terrain. I can use Google Maps Elevation API, but there is no method how to ...
2
votes
2answers
153 views

Terrain Accessibility map using GIS (ArcGIS or QGIS)

I need to make an accessibility map showing the walking distance based on the terrain and availability of road networks, could anyone point me in the right direction where i could learn to do so. ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Can Compound Topographic Index (CTI) / Topographic Wetness Index (TWI) produce negative values?

I am calculating Topographic Wetness Index for a study area using SRTM DEM (90 and 30m). I've seen several versions of TWI (CTI). I have been using: TWI = ln(As +1 / tanB) where As = ...
2
votes
2answers
32 views

Return Image from WMS service

I asked this question, and I realize that I am going in the wrong direction. So, I would like to do this : var geom = new THREE.Geometry(); // push vertices here var some_material = new ...
2
votes
2answers
54 views

Which Statistical Test to use?

I aim to determine whether there is a correlation between terrain variables (elevation, aspect and slope) and structural information acquired in forest survey. I have used ArcMap's extract multi ...
2
votes
1answer
142 views

What is a “CFG” application in GIS terminology probably?

I come across a 2008 tech presentation PDF on "GIS-Enabled Modeling and Simulation (GEMS) presented by ESRI (i think for the US Army). On one of the page titled "Challenges to be overcomed", there is ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Query DEM Elevation at Point in QGIS

I'd like to be able to pull up a DEM (or create a mosaic of them) and simply query the elevation at points I click. Is this possible using QGIS?
1
vote
3answers
183 views

Terrain Beautification

The satellite imagery i am rendering is not realistic does not look good. So i was planning to improve things through code(like adding noise to data or using different overlay texture for different ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Wireframe display of terrain in ArcGlobe?

I have successfully imported a terrain dataset into ArcGlobe which provides elevation values to the globe surface. Is there an easy way I can now change the symbology/display of the terrain/globe ...
1
vote
1answer
305 views

Google Earth import terrain

Currently I am able to import images to overlay on existing terrain in Google Earth. Is it possible to import custom terrain for viewing in Google Earth? There doesn't appear to be any options for ...
1
vote
1answer
256 views

ArcPy error: Add Feature Class to Terrain. [closed]

I'm writing a script to convert lidar data (in .las format) into a terrain without going through all the clicking and so I can send it out to neighboring states with similar programs (I'm using ArcGIS ...
1
vote
1answer
163 views

calculating terrain elevation line

I found too many hits on the web to even see the right direction to go. I have to provide a small proxy server serving requests for a line of terrain elevation data between two coordinates. It is a ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

How to conflate terrain data?

I have an 8 km by 8 km raster of 20 m/pixel terrain data. The georeference data has been lost. All I know is that it's within 100 km of Smithers, BC. I realize that this might involve some very heavy ...
1
vote
1answer
465 views

How to create a profile with profile points at discrete altitude intervalls, e.g. each 10 m

In both SAGA and QGIS theres a profile-from-line-function that does a nice job of creating profiles. But there's no way to control the altitude spacing. Any ideas for workflows that would allow me ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

GRASS GIS and Liss4MX

i am working on grass gis. how to use grass gis for liss4 of IRS-P6.I have to do atmospheric correction for hilly terrain data.i would like to use grass's i.atcorr. may i know the dependencies and how ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Is there an api for world terrain/biome data?

I'm looking for an api where I pass a lat/lng, and get "Desert" or "Mountains" or "Ocean" back. Just the general biome of the area. Most of what I've seen involves getting tiles back, so you can ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

What kind of methods are most commonly used to interpolate a relief?

I have got a topographic plan with height measurements which I converted to point shape file with height value in attributes. I was wondering, what kind of methods are most commonly used to ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

NASA SRTM: precipitous contour lines in TileMill

I was trying to make a nice looking print map of Bali (Indonesia) in TileMill. After creating a terrain layer (using this walkthrough) I noticed that the island's coastline was precipitous. Is ...
1
vote
0answers
93 views

How to optimize color ramp for terrain

I'm working on a project to highlight LiDAR terrain on the web and part of the idea is to show the detail of the data at large scales. I've already read through the excellent Mapbox guide and I've got ...