The study and mapping of land surfaces, including relief (relative positions and elevations) and the position of natural and constructed features.

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9
votes
3answers
786 views

What are common methods for converting raster digital elevation data to vector contours?

In researching this I have found many references to the opposite, creating elevation data from contours, but nothing regarding contour creation. Preferably, I am looking for open source solutions like ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

How to aquire a topographical map of Britain?

First of all, let me say that I know next to nothing about GISs. I'm trying to find / make / aquire a topographical map of britain. I want to use it as a height map in Dwarf Fortress so it needs to ...
8
votes
3answers
257 views

What does this style of line on Topographic maps indicate

If I was reading the purpose of this stackexchange site right, I could also ask general map questions. Not necessarily regarding software. Anyways, I was wondering if someone could inform me what ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Calculate Topographic wetness index in SAGA

i am currently working on a project which involves the quantification of the wetness in certain areas. However it produces quite different results from what i expected. I'll describe the steps i have ...
5
votes
2answers
94 views

Is there a difference between the Planchon & Darboux and Wang and Liu depression filling algorithms? Other than speed?

Can anyone tell me, based on actual analytical experience, if there is a difference between these two depression filling algorithms, other than the speed at which they process and fill depressions ...
5
votes
2answers
284 views

What's the difference between hypsography and topography?

I've recently come across some data that has been labeled "hypsography". I looked it up and it sounds like topography. But this data source has data labeled "topography" separate from its ...
5
votes
1answer
347 views

How to restrict or block certain paths in NetworkX graphs?

I am trying to calculate shortest path between 2 points using Dijkstra and A Star algorithms (in a directed NetworkX graph). At the moment it works fine and I can see the calculated path but I would ...
4
votes
2answers
469 views

how do you identify ridges on an elevation raster?

I was wondering whether anyone might be able to tell me in layman's terms how to extract or differentiate between ridges and hilltops from 10m elevation data using ArcGIS 10.1? Any advice would be ...
4
votes
2answers
113 views

Why are poles missing from GIS topographic data?

Why are poles data missing from most topographic resources ? Data from 60⁰ to 90⁰ lat frequently missing from topographic GIS data. Example with SRTM4.1: Common sense or deduction lead me to think ...
4
votes
1answer
773 views

Terraserver replacment - source for US Topo maps?

Now that Terraserver has been shut down (or at least that's how it appears), is there an alternative WMS server for US topo maps? Probably too much to hope to find one that provides vector layers ...
4
votes
1answer
561 views

USGS Topographic Map Online API

I am creating a website for a non-profit organization and would like to plot points on a map similar to this: http://www.arcgis.com/home/item.html?id=931d892ac7a843d7ba29d085e0433465 I am currently ...
4
votes
3answers
657 views

Australian Topo Map GeoTIFFs

Does anyone know if Australian topo map GeoTIFFs are made available anywhere (preferably for free)? LINZ makes them available in New Zealand - http://www.linz.govt.nz/topography/topo-maps/index.aspx ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

Add UTM labels to grid in qgis

I try to use qgis to create a custom topographic map for outdoor use: UTM, 1:50000. What these maps usually have is a 1km x 1km grid, which at the bottom is labeled with a shorthand for the ...
3
votes
1answer
314 views

Mapping points from total station data in Angle, Horizontal Distance, Vertical Distance

I am working on creating a contour map from total station topo points in ArcGIS 10. The points were collected using H angle, HD, VD instead of XYZ points. I need to create points from these ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

What function should I use to assess the degree of elevational change (rocky cliffs etc.) of a DEM?

I have a DEM of my research area and I want to assess how the topography/elevation changes. I am specifically looking to see what areas may be good suitable bat-roosting habitat so I am trying to ...
3
votes
1answer
881 views

Map Grid Index / Reference for Canadian Topo Map

Does anyone know where I can find some kml at different resolutions to show the grid reference for the Canadian topographic maps (CanTopo and toporama). Much like is displayed on the map here: ...
3
votes
1answer
143 views

How to create a buffer on a linestring with varying or increasing/decreasing width

I want to buffer rivers/streams for a topographic map. I'm using a PostgreSQL/PostGIS database. Usually, I create buffer with ST_Buffer with a constant width. For example, the width of a river buffer ...
3
votes
1answer
133 views

Calculating Topographic Exposure with Raster Calculator

I need you help trying to calculate Topographic Exposure (TOPEX) on a DEM in ArcGIS. I am trying to figure out wind exposure on a DEM with 25m cells. There is a great blog post where someone explains ...
3
votes
0answers
117 views

How to compute surface of raster or any point using ARCGIS?

I have a raster image whose values are a digital elevation model of terrain. I need to know the surface type (topographic characterization) of particular points along transects of this DEM. How to ...
3
votes
0answers
31 views

Library for parsing scientific PDS files?

Does a library exist for parsing the PDS files that scientific planetary data gets shipped as? For example, here's a link to to the lunar topographic data from the Lunar Reconnaisance spacecraft ...
2
votes
2answers
92 views

Gdal: highest and lowest point/pixel, how to get their altitudes?

Given a .tiff topographic raster image. How to get the altitudes of the highest and lowest point/pixel ?
2
votes
1answer
66 views

How to disassociate roughness from slope

How to measure topographic roughness irrespective of slope in ArcGIS? I have used many methods to generate roughness layers, including TRI, VRM (which is supposed to be less correlated with slope), ...
2
votes
2answers
62 views

What USGS maps exist in the 7.5' × 15' metric 1:25,000 series?

While browsing through the library, I discovered that USGS has, in fact, produced some metric maps at 1:25,000. One example is Thendara (NY), 43075-F1-TM-025. As far as I can tell, those maps are ...
2
votes
1answer
590 views

Polygonize.py outputs into a single file or simple merge?

Given an unique raster topographic file at start, I want to get vector polygons for elevations thresholds 1m, 200m, 500m, 1000m, 2000m into a single shp file. I first slice my raster into 5 (or more) ...
2
votes
1answer
152 views

I want to create my own topographic map

I need to create topographic maps for scales between 1:100,000 and 1:500,000. This is due to the fact that the official topographic maps in my country are offered in 5k, 10k, 25k, 50k, 100k and 500k. ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

data source for worldwide cross-sections of topographic and bathymetric for woodworking art project?

i am a decent r programmer and statistician, i am able to work with data sets pretty well. i am less familiar with GIS tools, but if given a shapefile i can certainly plot political borders and ...
2
votes
1answer
349 views

European Mountains Shapefile Data Sources

I am trying to locate a GIS freely downloadable shapefile (preferably polygon) of European main mountain chains (not an elevation data), eg Alps, Carpathian Mountains. I tried variuos sources , ...
2
votes
2answers
336 views

A library/software to create DEM from a topographic map

In one of my projects I need to digitize video clips showing some natural landscape. Specifically I need to know distances between different areas and elevation levels. I have a topographic map of ...
2
votes
0answers
25 views

How to develop an elevation profile tool with high precision? [closed]

Similar to the Google Earth elevation profile tool, also similar to this: http://www.geocontext.org/publ/2010/04/profiler/en/?send_comment=success#comments I want to be able to use my own set of ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

Topographic Index - Why is upslope contributing area divided by downslope contour width and not upslope contour width?

In the Topographic Index calculation, a is the upslope contributing area per unit contour length. Is the "unit contour length" calculated from examining the contour widths of the downslope cells that ...
2
votes
0answers
303 views

How to limit a specific area in order to have a topographic 3D map using MatLab?

I am using MatLab, I want to build a topographic 3D map, I am following this guide, I have been doing the steps listed on the section Draping Geoid Heights over Topography, and I do not have any ...
1
vote
3answers
329 views

Topography: How to get the x,y,z coordinates of highest or lowest point/pixel of a raster GIS?

Given a .tiff topographic raster image with mountains and deep sea, I am looking for the x,y,z specifics of the highest or lowest point. The x,y,z values being: altitude (z-coordinate) latitude ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Rough edges on tiles in QGIS

I'm loading four .ASC files into QGIS, each containing topographical data about a tile of 10 x 10 km. On the map, this data is displayed as black/white and different shades of gray. My problem is that ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Can Compound Topographic Index (CTI) / Topographic Wetness Index (TWI) produce negative values?

I am calculating Topographic Wetness Index for a study area using SRTM DEM (90 and 30m). I've seen several versions of TWI (CTI). I have been using: TWI = ln(As +1 / tanB) where As = ...
1
vote
2answers
171 views

Where can I programmatically download SRTM_V4.1 data?

SRTM v4 is an effort by the folks at CIAT-CSI to scrub, polish, and remove gaps in the raw SRTM data released by NASA (SRTM 3). One userfriendly interface : http://dwtkns.com/srtm/ provides ...
1
vote
1answer
371 views

ArcGIS Online Topo Maps

ArcView 10.1 does not have this kind of topo map to "Add Data". Where do I find this type of topo map, preferably free. ArcGIS online does not seem to offer this type of topo, unless I am not seeing ...
1
vote
3answers
54 views

Ontario Topographic and Property Data

Looking for Ontario topographic data and property line data; willing to purchase the latter. Shapefiles or file geodatabase files would be optimal. In terms of topographic data, I am looking for: ...
1
vote
2answers
103 views

viewshed analysis for observers wearing visors?

I'm starting with a DEM, and looking to identify every point that can be directly "seen" from any point in a particular polygon on an overlaid layer defining an area on that DEM - like any other ...
1
vote
1answer
404 views

What are Bands, Dimensions, and Histograms in QGIS?

First; I can see a band as synonymous with a channel in an image editing program like GIMP, is this correct? If so then bands play the role of color mixing and masking. Are there any other ...
1
vote
0answers
10 views

Are there any NTS index maps showing the most recent update?

For the Canadian National Topographic System, are there any index maps available that do not only show map numbers throughout the country, but also the most recently available update for each map? As ...
1
vote
0answers
88 views

What steps does SAGA GIS take when calculating Topographic Wetness, specifically when handling depression filled (by ArcMap) DEM

I am a grad student involved with hydrological modeling. In the model I work on, we are calculating the Topographic Index (TI; without transmissivity - or set to 1) using Quinn's MFD algorithm. We do ...
1
vote
0answers
287 views

Topography: How to convert raster into vector layers?

(nb:This project is part of the #Wikipedia #wikimaps project) 1. Question: How to create vector topographic maps from raster image ? How to convert raster topographic image into closed vector ...
1
vote
0answers
133 views

cut/fill calculation tool to investigate if there is enough material to achieve a 30 degree slope

This is a cut/fill problem. We have pits that have been dug in the ground, usually rectangular. They have a bund wall around them. They are being rehabilitated by pushing the bund back into the pit. ...
0
votes
1answer
251 views

How to conditionnally assign a new value to pixels of a raster image?

Given a topographic GIS raster of one country crop.tif: Given a know pixel value such as elevation (z) is +73 : $ gdallocationinfo crop.tif 1 1 -valonly > 73 Given an elevation threshold n = 50 ...
0
votes
2answers
234 views

Gdal: How iterate through all pixels of a raster image?

Given a topographic raster image. How to iterate through all pixels of this raster image ? Solution preferably with gdal, in console. Some other libraries/script could be installed. Related: ...
0
votes
1answer
228 views

Gdal: How to get a pixel's value from raster image?

Given a topographic raster image. Given a pixel's coordinate in pixel/lines or geocoordinate. How to get it's pixel value ?
0
votes
1answer
222 views

Plotting Smith and Sandwell global seafloor topography grids

Does anybody have any experience with plotting Smith & Sandwell 2-minute Mercator-projected grids in ArcGIS? I've downloaded one in two formats: ers and img. I've found tools for processing .img ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Is there a public CanTopo Web Map Tile Service (WMS / WMTS) available?

Does anyone know of a public CanTopo WMS / WMTS available anywhere? I'm assuming CanTopo is more modern / up-to-date than Toporama? Alternatively, what would be your suggestions for the most pain ...
0
votes
1answer
131 views

Gdal_polygonize: How to filter pixels above a given value (elevation)?

Given a topographic GIS raster of one country: Given an elevation threshold n = 50 (meters) How to polygonize pixels when z >= n ? gdal_polygonize.py is not clear on this point. It states This ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Negative Topographic Index Values

I am getting negative topographic index wetness values in SAGA GIS - anyone else every get this? Not all negative values, but the minimum of the TWI range is negative for some steep watersheds we are ...