The study and mapping of land surfaces, including relief (relative positions and elevations) and the position of natural and constructed features.

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11
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5answers
7k views

How to calculate Topographic Ruggedness Index in ArcGIS Desktop?

Does anyone know how to calculate Topographic Ruggedness Index in ArcGIS without access to command line ArcInfo Workstation? "The topographic ruggedness index (TRI) is a measurement developed by ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

What are common methods for converting raster digital elevation data to vector contours?

In researching this I have found many references to the opposite, creating elevation data from contours, but nothing regarding contour creation. Preferably, I am looking for open source solutions like ...
8
votes
5answers
3k views

How to aquire a topographical map of Britain?

First of all, let me say that I know next to nothing about GISs. I'm trying to find / make / aquire a topographical map of britain. I want to use it as a height map in Dwarf Fortress so it needs to ...
8
votes
3answers
313 views

What does this style of line on Topographic maps indicate

If I was reading the purpose of this stackexchange site right, I could also ask general map questions. Not necessarily regarding software. Anyways, I was wondering if someone could inform me what ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

Calculate Topographic wetness index in SAGA

i am currently working on a project which involves the quantification of the wetness in certain areas. However it produces quite different results from what i expected. I'll describe the steps i have ...
5
votes
2answers
310 views

Is there a difference between the Planchon & Darboux and Wang and Liu depression filling algorithms? Other than speed?

Can anyone tell me, based on actual analytical experience, if there is a difference between these two depression filling algorithms, other than the speed at which they process and fill depressions ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

What's the difference between hypsography and topography?

I've recently come across some data that has been labeled "hypsography". I looked it up and it sounds like topography. But this data source has data labeled "topography" separate from its ...
5
votes
1answer
496 views

How to restrict or block certain paths in NetworkX graphs?

I am trying to calculate shortest path between 2 points using Dijkstra and A Star algorithms (in a directed NetworkX graph). At the moment it works fine and I can see the calculated path but I would ...
5
votes
4answers
818 views

Australian Topo Map GeoTIFFs

Does anyone know if Australian topo map GeoTIFFs are made available anywhere (preferably for free)? LINZ makes them available in New Zealand - http://www.linz.govt.nz/topography/topo-maps/index.aspx ...
5
votes
0answers
73 views

FLAG - fuzzy landscape analysis in GIS

I am trying to identify wetlands using different topographic indexes, e.g. TWI/CTI. And I would like to try out a method called FLAG (fuzzy landscape analysis in GIS), but I don't really understand ...
5
votes
1answer
551 views

Calculating Topographic Exposure with Raster Calculator

I need you help trying to calculate Topographic Exposure (TOPEX) on a DEM in ArcGIS. I am trying to figure out wind exposure on a DEM with 25m cells. There is a great blog post where someone explains ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

how do you identify ridges on an elevation raster?

I was wondering whether anyone might be able to tell me in layman's terms how to extract or differentiate between ridges and hilltops from 10m elevation data using ArcGIS 10.1? Any advice would be ...
4
votes
2answers
165 views

Why are poles missing from GIS topographic data?

Why are poles data missing from most topographic resources ? Data from 60⁰ to 90⁰ lat frequently missing from topographic GIS data. Example with SRTM4.1: Common sense or deduction lead me to think ...
4
votes
2answers
114 views

Software for amateur topographic surveys

I'm interested in doing rough topographic surveys using my tripod-mounted Brunton transit compass for azimuth readings and laser rangefinder (and maybe an optical level), so obviously going to be much ...
4
votes
1answer
964 views

Terraserver replacment - source for US Topo maps?

Now that Terraserver has been shut down (or at least that's how it appears), is there an alternative WMS server for US topo maps? Probably too much to hope to find one that provides vector layers ...
4
votes
1answer
385 views

Topographic Index - Why is upslope contributing area divided by downslope contour width and not upslope contour width?

In the Topographic Index calculation, a is the upslope contributing area per unit contour length. Is the "unit contour length" calculated from examining the contour widths of the downslope cells that ...
4
votes
1answer
336 views

How to create a buffer on a linestring with varying or increasing/decreasing width

I want to buffer rivers/streams for a topographic map. I'm using a PostgreSQL/PostGIS database. Usually, I create buffer with ST_Buffer with a constant width. For example, the width of a river buffer ...
4
votes
1answer
809 views

USGS Topographic Map Online API

I am creating a website for a non-profit organization and would like to plot points on a map similar to this: http://www.arcgis.com/home/item.html?id=931d892ac7a843d7ba29d085e0433465 I am currently ...
3
votes
3answers
306 views

Gdal: how to get the max and min altitudes of my topographic raster?

Given a .tiff topographic raster image. How to get the altitudes of the highest and lowest point/pixel ?
3
votes
4answers
4k views

Add UTM labels to grid in qgis

I try to use qgis to create a custom topographic map for outdoor use: UTM, 1:50000. What these maps usually have is a 1km x 1km grid, which at the bottom is labeled with a shorthand for the ...
3
votes
1answer
127 views

Correcting for local topography in calculating TRI from DEM in ArcGIS

I'm currently investigating the use of different equipment in calculating TRI from elevation data using ArcGIS. From the methods available ...
3
votes
1answer
699 views

Mapping points from total station data in Angle, Horizontal Distance, Vertical Distance

I am working on creating a contour map from total station topo points in ArcGIS 10. The points were collected using H angle, HD, VD instead of XYZ points. I need to create points from these ...
3
votes
1answer
95 views

What function should I use to assess the degree of elevational change (rocky cliffs etc.) of a DEM?

I have a DEM of my research area and I want to assess how the topography/elevation changes. I am specifically looking to see what areas may be good suitable bat-roosting habitat so I am trying to ...
3
votes
2answers
175 views

Displaying rectified raster (topos) in Google Earth

Looking for tool or an easy way (limited programming skills here) to display geotiffs in Google Earth. Specifically Canadian topos like this This Geogratis site has the same topos in regular tif and ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Map Grid Index / Reference for Canadian Topo Map

Does anyone know where I can find some kml at different resolutions to show the grid reference for the Canadian topographic maps (CanTopo and toporama). Much like is displayed on the map here: ...
3
votes
1answer
47 views

Looking for detailed relief tiles

A few days ago I stumbled over a map which had beautifully rendered, detailed topographic tiles of the whole world. It was similar to google-physical with a strong contrast (shadow/light) and ...
3
votes
1answer
136 views

data source for worldwide cross-sections of topographic and bathymetric for woodworking art project?

i am a decent r programmer and statistician, i am able to work with data sets pretty well. i am less familiar with GIS tools, but if given a shapefile i can certainly plot political borders and ...
3
votes
0answers
75 views

Where do I find official summit elevations found on USGS topo maps?

I'm creating topo maps for my day hikes guides for national parks. I've already done one for Glacier National Park. When I was working on summits, I downloaded the data for Montana from GNIS and when ...
3
votes
1answer
427 views

Recommendations for creating contour map from depth points

I am trying to put together a safe routes map for a local lake. I have an old paper map that has a grid of various depths as points. I would like to draw contour lines through these points and create ...
3
votes
0answers
145 views

How to compute surface of raster or any point using ARCGIS?

I have a raster image whose values are a digital elevation model of terrain. I need to know the surface type (topographic characterization) of particular points along transects of this DEM. How to ...
3
votes
0answers
33 views

Library for parsing scientific PDS files?

Does a library exist for parsing the PDS files that scientific planetary data gets shipped as? For example, here's a link to to the lunar topographic data from the Lunar Reconnaisance spacecraft ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Plotting elevation maps and shaded relief images from latitude, longitude, and elevation pairs

I have a set of latitude, longitude, and elevation pairs (roughly a grid of such values, though it is not uniform), and I'd like to be able to plot an elevation map and perhaps also a shaded relief ...
2
votes
3answers
82 views

Ontario Topographic and Property Data

Looking for Ontario topographic data and property line data; willing to purchase the latter. Shapefiles or file geodatabase files would be optimal. In terms of topographic data, I am looking for: ...
2
votes
1answer
424 views

Negative Topographic Index Values

I am getting negative topographic index wetness values in SAGA GIS - anyone else every get this? Not all negative values, but the minimum of the TWI range is negative for some steep watersheds we are ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

How to disassociate roughness from slope

How to measure topographic roughness irrespective of slope in ArcGIS? I have used many methods to generate roughness layers, including TRI, VRM (which is supposed to be less correlated with slope), ...
2
votes
1answer
4k views

Can Compound Topographic Index (CTI) / Topographic Wetness Index (TWI) produce negative values?

I am calculating Topographic Wetness Index for a study area using SRTM DEM (90 and 30m). I've seen several versions of TWI (CTI). I have been using: TWI = ln(As +1 / tanB) where As = ...
2
votes
1answer
490 views

Detailed topographical map of Istanbul

I need to acquire a very detailed topographic map of Istanbul, Turkey without any markers. Do you know such sources who provides these kind of maps? I tried to Google it, but the results were far ...
2
votes
2answers
123 views

What USGS maps exist in the 7.5' × 15' metric 1:25,000 series?

While browsing through the library, I discovered that USGS has, in fact, produced some metric maps at 1:25,000. One example is Thendara (NY), 43075-F1-TM-025. As far as I can tell, those maps are ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Polygonize.py outputs into a single file or simple merge?

Given an unique raster topographic file at start, I want to get vector polygons for elevations thresholds 1m, 200m, 500m, 1000m, 2000m into a single shp file. I first slice my raster into 5 (or more) ...
2
votes
1answer
282 views

Gdal_polygonize: How to filter pixels above a given value (elevation)?

Given a topographic GIS raster of one country: Given an elevation threshold n = 50 (meters) How to polygonize pixels when z >= n ? gdal_polygonize.py is not clear on this point. It states This ...
2
votes
1answer
121 views

What is Google's source for topographic data?

I'm looking for as detailed as possible topographic data for a certain area and have found information displayed by Google Maps to be far more detailed than what is provided by 7.5 minute maps (from ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

basic understanding of ArcGIS for Flex not clear on the concept

I am a complete newbie to GIS so please excuse the simple question. I am looking for someone to point me in the right direction to get some answers and/or maybe provide links to where I can find some ...
2
votes
2answers
709 views

GDAL Conversion of US Topo GeoPDFs

I've used GDAL_translate with "--config GDAL_PDF_LAYERS" option to convert US Topo GeoPDFs to GeoTIFF and it works great for creating collarless topos based on the new format. However, I can't get it ...
2
votes
1answer
187 views

I want to create my own topographic map

I need to create topographic maps for scales between 1:100,000 and 1:500,000. This is due to the fact that the official topographic maps in my country are offered in 5k, 10k, 25k, 50k, 100k and 500k. ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Why does the peak of a mountain appear bright on Radar images

Why does the top of a mountain appear bright on a SAR (radar) image. I know that the peak of a mountain is subject to a layover effect, thus appearing closer on the radar image than the bottom part of ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

How can I properly clip a shape file to get the section I want using QGIS?

I've tried the other "how to clip" instructions here, but consistently get an empty shapefile from the clip. QGIS Version: 2.4.0-Chugiak OS: MacOS 10.10 Input File: San Diego (South Map) 1999 Topo ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Tiling ArcGIS Desktop Historic Maps

I'm using ArcGIS 10.2 Desktop on a Windows platform. I have georeferenced about a dozen USGS topographic raster maps from around 1900. Each georeferenced map is an now an .mxd file. To the best ...
2
votes
1answer
752 views

European Mountains Shapefile Data Sources

I am trying to locate a GIS freely downloadable shapefile (preferably polygon) of European main mountain chains (not an elevation data), eg Alps, Carpathian Mountains. I tried variuos sources , ...
2
votes
2answers
444 views

A library/software to create DEM from a topographic map

In one of my projects I need to digitize video clips showing some natural landscape. Specifically I need to know distances between different areas and elevation levels. I have a topographic map of ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

3D topographic progress compensation by the least squares method

I'm looking for an explanation of the least squares method used in the case of a correction of 3D point network. We have reference points with known coordinates XYZ. We calculate intermediate points ...