Topology describes non-metric relationships among geometric figures, such as adjacency, containment, and orientation. It is a branch of Mathematics, which deals in geometry without measurement.

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Joining layers with respective elements with PostGIS Topology

Recently I have started using PostGIS topology extension, but I have some difficulties in understanding how the structure works: One of the key points is the use of "layer"s: as of what I understand, ...
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3answers
492 views

Snapping start- and end nodes of lines to other lines in PostGIS

There are plenty examples that show how to snap lines to points, but I haven't been able to find any (fast!) way of snapping the start- and end nodes of line strings to nodes of other lines. ...
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1answer
456 views

How to repair and clean contours from high data resolution (lidar)?

I'm unsuccessfully trying to make a bathymetric map with contours extracted from Lidar data at 1 m resolution. The extracted contours have a lot of artifacts like dangles and islands. First I used ...
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3answers
452 views

How to clean layers from non topological databases?

I'm doing my internship in a consulting office which is switching from MapInfo to QGIS/GRASS 1.8.0. I posted here a few days ago about the way to clean a polyline from a Lidar data with v.clean. ...
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2k views

How to build topology without an ArcEditor or ArcInfo license?

I have a huge dataset that I am capturing that was full of errors previously and I want to make sure that the new version is error free - which can be very time consuming with only an ArcView standard ...
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263 views

topology rules for structuring topology data to get line feature as topoparent in topology graph

i Created topology graph of a polygon feature and i copied geometry of topology edges into line feature class,and topology nodes into point feature class i created topology layer containing ...
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1answer
109 views

Learning resources for beginning differential topology for a programmer? [closed]

With this question I'm looking for suggestions about how and where to start learning differential topology starting from a good base of linear algebra and geometry, also consider that this know-how is ...
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70 views

How do you split a feature using an existing line in QGIS?

All, Is there a way to split a feature (polygon) using an existing line (selected polyline) in QGIS? Thanks! -m
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2answers
69 views

How to store and edit data with a defined topology using open software and formats?

I'm looking for a way to store and edit spatial data that preserves topological information. In my concrete application, I need to represent triangular meshes, which consist of unique nodes and ...
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1answer
311 views

need help for script checking topology using ogr in python

My main goal is to create a new feature indicating if the line features intersect each other as well as if they are not connected to a feature. My problem is how to identify the intersecting and not ...
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3answers
401 views

How can I easily detect gaps in a polyline using arcmap 10.0 (arcview license)?

I'm making routes by selecting links from a streets layer which I export as a new temporarely layer in arcmap 10. This layer which I call route_temp unfortunately can be very long and contain gaps, ...
4
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1answer
274 views

Simplification algorithms for 3D topology

My problem is about simplifying a given topology that can be opened ( an usual 3D reconstruction of a given square on a map ), totally closed (like a perfect sphere) or a topology with holes ( a ...
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2answers
4k views

How to check Topology in QGIS?

I have two Shapefiles with Polygons ( City and Forerst) Is there a Plugin who is able check the topology (QGIS)? Like "Knots do not overlap" or something like that? I dont want that they overlap. ...
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2answers
1k views

How to generalize a polygon file and maintain topology in QGIS?

my problem: I have a polygon-file in shape-format, which I need to generalize. How can "split" the polygons into lines, generalize and than "rebuild" the polygons, so that I can ensure, that there are ...
3
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1answer
195 views

Is there a standard st_relation_readable() function for translate DE-9IM strings?

Spatial databases, such as PostGIS, implement the DE-9IM model with function st_relate(), which returns a string with domain of {0,1,2,F}, meaning 0=point, 1=line, 2=area, and F="empty set"... See ...
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4answers
343 views

How can I create polygons of the area surrounded by roads / lines?

I'm currently trying to create polygons that represent the areas surrounded by roads. The roads are stored in PostGIS as points / lines so I have flexibility over what I can do with them. I'm ...
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2answers
462 views

Dissolve polygons - group to others with touching corners

I am working with some data that shows land management. There are many places where corners "touch". I would like to dissolve my dataset so that features are grouped (dissolved) with those that they ...
8
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1answer
299 views

How to add topology to PostGIS 2.0?

I have installed PostGIS 2.0 and need new topology but it doesn't seem installed by default. I found a lot of command line to install postgis 2.0 with topology but is there a way just to add topology? ...
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2answers
785 views

How can I identify gaps in polylines and polylines with more than one end point using ArcGIS 10?

I have a multipart polyline shapefile containing a large number of lines, some of which are broken by gaps and some of which have more than one start and end (by mistake - see attached). I need to ...
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2answers
841 views

How to solve “Cannot create topology” in ArcCatalog?

I have a FileGeodatabase in ArcGIS 10.0 with a feature dataset and five feature classes (3 polygon shapes, 1 line shape, 1 point shape). I'm trying to create a topology to verify some vectors. ...
5
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1answer
841 views

How to create adjacency matrix of topology graph of arc map for shortest path?

I have created a topology graph of a polygon feature and I want to find the individual FIDS of the lines of the polygon. I want to construct an adjacency matrix to create the shortest path. How can I ...
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2answers
558 views

How do I describe a special relationship between connected edges?

Consider this simple situation where three edges connect at a node: I’d like to write a succinct and clear description of the relationship between A and B in such a way that differentiates it from ...
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2answers
631 views

How to find self-intersecting polylines using ArcObjects?

If I have a polyline, how do I figure out whether it is self-intersecting? I tried to use ITopologicalOperator.IsSimple Property, but it always returns true. Are there any ways of doing these kind ...
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0answers
73 views

Topology validate error

Im using Arcmap 10.1 version.I don't know where i made mistake my database. I have attached an example image to show the Error Report.
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1answer
100 views

How can i identify this error? Must not connect point more than one line feature

I have attached an example image to show the problem: This is electrical network data sigle service point to connect more than one Service pole. Is it available any topology rules? I would like some ...
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1answer
240 views

Splitting polygons leaves null values

I'm trying to split polygons with overlaping line features, using Split Polygons tool from Topology toolbar. The problem I encounter is that only one from new polygons have old attributes and others ...
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1answer
35 views

Line FeatureClass shouldn't overlap with Polygone FeatureClass

Is there a way to setup such a rule in ArcMap 10 Topology that Line FeatureClass Features shouldn't overlap with Polygone FeatureClass Features?
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0answers
241 views

Snapping line endpoints to a point feature class by adding a vertex

I have a line feature class whose endpoints should snap to the closest point in a points feature class. The problem is, I do not want the lines to move, but rather a vertex must be added to the ...
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2answers
550 views

How to speed up space partitioning in postgis?

I've a bunch of overlapping polygons and I'm trying to partition the space to avoid having overlapping ones. I think my problem is fairly simple. Using some ESRI product and ...
2
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1answer
122 views

Compiling a list of units that border each other

I have a shapefile of U.S. counties. I am interested in compiling a list of those that border each other. In particular, I am interested in those that border each other but are in different states. ...
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1answer
779 views

How you can repair invalid topology errors within postgis?

I've imported the shapefile of corine land cover project to my postgis database and the select gid, ST_IsValidReason(geom) from gis.clc2000 where not ST_IsValid(geom); returns in every occasion ...
4
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2answers
4k views

How to repair topology of a shapefile?

I performed an object-based image analysis using ENVI EX, and each of the classified features were exported as a shapefile. I transferred those shapefiles into ArcMap 10, and tried to intersect them ...
2
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1answer
63 views

how to judge the side from a point to a linestring

I'm working with NTS (NetTopologySuite), I get point geometry and a directed linestring, how to judge the side of the point locate with the linestring? one the left side, right side, or just on the ...
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2answers
293 views

Getting line FID from polygon ITopologyGraph

I want to export polygon Arc list to txt file for that I created topologygraph for personal geodatabase feature class (polygon) using ITopologyGraph::build. I got polygon FIDs but I am not getting ...
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2answers
1k views

Snapping two polygons together

I have a problem with two vector layers, both polygons. I have been digitising an historical map which contains large areas called townlands, filled by smaller areas called fields. I digitised both as ...
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1answer
366 views

Algorithm to fill the gaps adjacent to parcels

I would like to find a way to fill the gaps between the road and its surrounding parcels, like described in picture below: I have different parcels like A and B , i want to fill the gaps by adding ...
6
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1answer
832 views

FME - Can I write back into my original file geodatabase

I have a gas pipeline network which I have stored in an File Geodatabase as polylines. I've created an FME workspace to split the pipelines at fittings (valves, reducers, tees, etc) which are stored ...
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4answers
1k views

How can I create polygon of gaps/holes if I have several shapefiles

How can I create polygon of gaps/holes if I have several shapefiles. Do I really have to merge all layers, it it big amount of data (NEW YORK roadbed, buildings, water,parks etc) I have ET geowizards ...
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1answer
200 views

Optimize GEOSGeometry's spatial operations by avoiding thread-safety checks

A ranking algorithm I'm developing for a Django webapp requires performing spatial operations (within, intersections, sym_difference, etc.) using a query against large number of geometry objects. ...
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1answer
1k views

What's the status of Postgis 2.0 topology support in QGIS?

Having followed the Postgis developments over the past 6 months I have noticed a bunch of features which seem to be incredibly cool especially in the area of topologies and associating calculations on ...
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1answer
130 views

I need help to find out more information about Topology Errors toolbox or Extension?

I need someone out there who can answer my question. I do not remember if I add this Topology Editor Extension or toolbox to my ArcMap. I would like to know more about this toolbox. Thanks. (Changed ...
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3answers
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Create features from ArcGIS Topology errors

I have imported field users shapefiles into an ESRI geodatabase so that I can create some topology rulesets that identifies the errors as needed. Unfortunately the field users do not have a license ...
2
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1answer
2k views

How to convert lines to polygons using NetTopologySuite?

I am trying to convert lines to polygons using NetTopologySuite(a C# port of Java Topology Suite JTS). I ran the sample console code succesfully and it generated two polylines. I then tried to run ...
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1answer
2k views

How to resolve an Invalid Topology [Incomplete void poly] error from a geoprocessing service?

I am consuming a geoprocessing service from my Flex application. My geoprocessing service takes the input geometry, and intersects another layer. It then runs a Summery stats on the intersection ...
2
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1answer
594 views

How do I subdivide and edit polygons preserving topology?

I'm using QGIS. I have a layer made up of many adjacent polygons - let's call them "countries". I currently use the Atlas plugin to export each "country" polygon to a .png file. I want to further ...
4
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3answers
924 views

Questions on smooth lines on soil polygon?

In a couple of weeks I am going to do QA/QC on soil polygons and I'm wonder if there is a way for me to run a script or a tool box that allow me to find the jagged lines ? Alternative, my plan would ...
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2answers
284 views

Automatically apply topology rule to only selected portions of a .shp file?

I am looking for some examples/tutorials on how to apply a topology rule to only a selected portion of a shp file using a script in ArcGIS/GRASS. Using ArcGIS seems to always require an interactive ...
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1answer
3k views

Remove Holes Existing Within a Single Polygon in ArcGIS 10

I have a shapefile that consists of a single polygon. I have gaps within the polygon that need to be eliminated. The resultant dataset shoulde be a single, solid polygon. I have tried implementing ...
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995 views

Efficiently finding the 1st order neighbors of 200k polygons

For every one of the 208,781 Census block groups, I'd like to retrieve the FIPS IDs of all of its 1st order neighbors. I have all the TIGER boundaries downloaded and merged into a single 1GB ...
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1answer
1k views

Intersect two polylines using ArcObjects

I have two polylines and would like to find the intersection(s) using ArcObjects / VB.NET. I'm using the following code: Dim topoOp As ITopologicalOperator = TryCast(pTestPoly2, ...