Topology describes non-metric relationships among geometric figures, such as adjacency, containment, and orientation. It is a branch of Mathematics, which deals in geometry without measurement.

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Problem when creating database based on template_postgis

I have created a PostGIS template but when I try to create a database based on this template this is what happens: Connecting to the template: \c template_postgis; You are now connected to database ...
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5answers
1k views

How to Identify and Delete duplicate vertices?

I am trying to figure out how to delete duplicate vertices. I have successfully determined that there are duplicate vertices using PLTS Data Reviewer, but I am confounded as to how I identify and ...
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55 views

Delete polygon underlap?

I am editing a layer in QGIS with severe polygon overlaps. Is there a way to delete the underlapping portions (i.e. the invisible parts) using QGIS? If I import the layer into GRASS using the ...
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3answers
2k views

How to fill a hole in a multi-polygon layer on QGIS 2?

I need to fill a hole in a multi-polygon layer on QGIS 2.0. I've set the snapping option for the layer as follows : mode: to vertex and segment tolerance 4 pixels avoid intersection "enabled" ...
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0answers
108 views

Is the TIN created out of several cross sections different from merging the TINs created out of each set of two cross sections?

I have a river with cross sections that have the water surface elevation values. I am trying to create TIN from the water surface values and then compare it with the topo (to see the flooded areas). I ...
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0answers
37 views

QGIS : copy/paste with “Avoid Intersection” option

I need to copy and paste polygons from one layer to another but with adjustments in the pasted geometries: I need them to be cut in the same way they would have been cut by a single edit with the ...
2
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0answers
237 views

GeoDatabase topology and rules with a *.rul file

I have been working for some time on a solution to a problem much like this question. I have several layers that I want to resolve together. I have them all in topology (geodatabase) and have been ...
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1answer
1k views

What is topojson and how is it different than geojson?

This is a conceptual question. What are the differences between these? and what are the pros and cons of these formats?
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3answers
223 views

How to identify misaligned corners in PLSS sections

Sometimes PLSS section corners do not align How could I automate the detection of these corners and generate a new shapefile showing where this occurs? I have a shapefile of 147k section polygons ...
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1answer
173 views

ArcView: Trim polyline, that is shorter than specific dangle length (alternative to tool: Trim Line)?

I am looking for a way to trim dangles from a polyline shape, that are shorter than a specific length like the Trim Line Tool for ArcEditor and ArcInfo, but with ArcView-License. I already discover, ...
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1answer
226 views

GRASS - v.clean Conflation - How to snap a layer to a base layer

Someone told me in this post that GRASS GIS can handle multilayer topology, what I have not found any information about. I am not a specialist of GRASS GIS so I would need help with that if its really ...
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2answers
590 views

Are there Desktop GIS alternatives to ArcGIS 10.X for topology and vector conflation?

Is there any options other than ArcGIS for Desktop for topological rules and automatic topology integrity enforcing in a Desktop GIS? I am looking for something that will automatically snap features ...
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1answer
456 views

JTS - Java Topology Suite - Calculate radius from a given point

From point A, I want to check if a point B is within a certain radius from A. How calculate it usindo JTS? I tried this: Coordinate posicaoAtual = new Coordinate(-12.974900375893823, ...
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1answer
193 views

Tools/Script to reshape automaticaly topologic edges within a given distance in ArcGis 10?

I have a footprint feature class and a land use cluster feature class. I am looking for a method/tool/script that would allow me: to reshape two edges into one (topologically) to decide at which ...
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3answers
647 views

Create a network topology for pgrouting with grade separation

I have built a network using Ordnance Survey's ITN data and I can solve routes across the network. What I need is to build in grade separation topology for overpasses and underpasses on the network so ...
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0answers
281 views

How to create a topologically correct dataset in PostGIS (with GRASS)?

I have shapefiles which I have loaded in postgis and now i am trying to use geometric function in postgis like ST_intersect and they fail because the data is not topological correct. I have tried to ...
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0answers
147 views

Joining layers with respective elements with PostGIS Topology

Recently I have started using PostGIS topology extension, but I have some difficulties in understanding how the structure works: One of the key points is the use of "layer"s: as of what I understand, ...
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3answers
791 views

Snapping start- and end nodes of lines to other lines in PostGIS

There are plenty examples that show how to snap lines to points, but I haven't been able to find any (fast!) way of snapping the start- and end nodes of line strings to nodes of other lines. ...
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3answers
639 views

How to clean layers from non topological databases?

I'm doing my internship in a consulting office which is switching from MapInfo to QGIS/GRASS 1.8.0. I posted here a few days ago about the way to clean a polyline from a Lidar data with v.clean. ...
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1answer
615 views

How to repair and clean contours from high data resolution (lidar)?

I'm unsuccessfully trying to make a bathymetric map with contours extracted from Lidar data at 1 m resolution. The extracted contours have a lot of artifacts like dangles and islands. First I used ...
3
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1answer
175 views

How can i topologically sort 2D triangles and put in an array?

I have a set of 2D triangles in a Geometry array which together forms a connected strip when placed them according to edge adjacency. However, in the array they are not in topological order based on ...
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3answers
1k views

How tool to split polylines into two-part lines at vertices in ArcGIS for Desktop 10.1?

I'm using ArcGIS 10.1 SP1 at and we have a problem. There is a serious topology bug that I've mentioned in another question that is affecting our workflow. At present, Esri has stated the fix will be ...
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0answers
81 views

How do you split a feature using an existing line in QGIS?

All, Is there a way to split a feature (polygon) using an existing line (selected polyline) in QGIS? Thanks! -m
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1answer
400 views

need help for script checking topology using ogr in python

My main goal is to create a new feature indicating if the line features intersect each other as well as if they are not connected to a feature. My problem is how to identify the intersecting and not ...
2
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1answer
771 views

Grass v.clean.snap with Polygons

I am doing some topology testing using Grass in QGIS. I am hoping to snap nodes to eliminate gaps between polygons. When I use the v.clean.snap function in Grass it does not work on polygons. When I ...
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1answer
384 views

Topology problems with QGIS/GRASS

*edited file links below I'm working on several NGO projects at the moment, all of which are reliant on being able to use a district level map with some 490+ features, and I am running into some ...
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2answers
82 views

How to store and edit data with a defined topology using open software and formats?

I'm looking for a way to store and edit spatial data that preserves topological information. In my concrete application, I need to represent triangular meshes, which consist of unique nodes and ...
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3answers
7k views

Analyzing differences between two shapefiles to put results into new shapefile?

I have two polygon shapefiles of the same region from two different years (1985 and 1997) and I need to analyse the differences between the two shapefiles resulting in a third polygon shapefile ...
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3answers
727 views

How can I easily detect gaps in a polyline using arcmap 10.0 (arcview license)?

I'm making routes by selecting links from a streets layer which I export as a new temporarely layer in arcmap 10. This layer which I call route_temp unfortunately can be very long and contain gaps, ...
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1answer
110 views

Learning resources for beginning differential topology for a programmer? [closed]

With this question I'm looking for suggestions about how and where to start learning differential topology starting from a good base of linear algebra and geometry, also consider that this know-how is ...
4
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1answer
428 views

Simplification algorithms for 3D topology

My problem is about simplifying a given topology that can be opened ( an usual 3D reconstruction of a given square on a map ), totally closed (like a perfect sphere) or a topology with holes ( a ...
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4answers
517 views

How can I create polygons of the area surrounded by roads / lines?

I'm currently trying to create polygons that represent the areas surrounded by roads. The roads are stored in PostGIS as points / lines so I have flexibility over what I can do with them. I'm ...
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2answers
765 views

Dissolve polygons - group to others with touching corners

I am working with some data that shows land management. There are many places where corners "touch". I would like to dissolve my dataset so that features are grouped (dissolved) with those that they ...
8
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1answer
347 views

How to add topology to PostGIS 2.0?

I have installed PostGIS 2.0 and need new topology but it doesn't seem installed by default. I found a lot of command line to install postgis 2.0 with topology but is there a way just to add topology? ...
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0answers
308 views

How to handle/ avoid intersect errors when clipping the difference between two layers?

Using QGIS + Grass, I've added a shapefile of coastline and islands to my map. I then buffer this shapefile to create a coastal zone of a known width. At this stage the buffer consists of the ...
4
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2answers
964 views

How can I identify gaps in polylines and polylines with more than one end point using ArcGIS 10?

I have a multipart polyline shapefile containing a large number of lines, some of which are broken by gaps and some of which have more than one start and end (by mistake - see attached). I need to ...
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2answers
1k views

How to solve “Cannot create topology” in ArcCatalog?

I have a FileGeodatabase in ArcGIS 10.0 with a feature dataset and five feature classes (3 polygon shapes, 1 line shape, 1 point shape). I'm trying to create a topology to verify some vectors. ...
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2answers
854 views

How to find self-intersecting polylines using ArcObjects?

If I have a polyline, how do I figure out whether it is self-intersecting? I tried to use ITopologicalOperator.IsSimple Property, but it always returns true. Are there any ways of doing these kind ...
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0answers
89 views

Topology validate error

Im using Arcmap 10.1 version.I don't know where i made mistake my database. I have attached an example image to show the Error Report.
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1answer
116 views

How can i identify this error? Must not connect point more than one line feature

I have attached an example image to show the problem: This is electrical network data sigle service point to connect more than one Service pole. Is it available any topology rules? I would like some ...
4
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1answer
312 views

Splitting polygons leaves null values

I'm trying to split polygons with overlaping line features, using Split Polygons tool from Topology toolbar. The problem I encounter is that only one from new polygons have old attributes and others ...
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1answer
35 views

Line FeatureClass shouldn't overlap with Polygone FeatureClass

Is there a way to setup such a rule in ArcMap 10 Topology that Line FeatureClass Features shouldn't overlap with Polygone FeatureClass Features?
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0answers
316 views

Snapping line endpoints to a point feature class by adding a vertex

I have a line feature class whose endpoints should snap to the closest point in a points feature class. The problem is, I do not want the lines to move, but rather a vertex must be added to the ...
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2answers
633 views

How do I describe a special relationship between connected edges?

Consider this simple situation where three edges connect at a node: I’d like to write a succinct and clear description of the relationship between A and B in such a way that differentiates it from ...
2
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1answer
135 views

Compiling a list of units that border each other

I have a shapefile of U.S. counties. I am interested in compiling a list of those that border each other. In particular, I am interested in those that border each other but are in different states. ...
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2answers
5k views

How to check Topology in QGIS?

I have two Shapefiles with Polygons ( City and Forerst) Is there a Plugin who is able check the topology (QGIS)? Like "Knots do not overlap" or something like that? I dont want that they overlap. ...
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1answer
1k views

Splitting landcover polygons (parcels) into equal sizes, while retaining road access for all?

I would like to split landcover polygons which surround a road polygon into equal sizes, while ALL resulting polygons should have access to the road! Is there any chance to do this automatically? ...
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1answer
941 views

How you can repair invalid topology errors within postgis?

I've imported the shapefile of corine land cover project to my postgis database and the select gid, ST_IsValidReason(geom) from gis.clc2000 where not ST_IsValid(geom); returns in every occasion ...
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2answers
5k views

How to repair topology of a shapefile?

I performed an object-based image analysis using ENVI EX, and each of the classified features were exported as a shapefile. I transferred those shapefiles into ArcMap 10, and tried to intersect them ...
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1answer
84 views

how to judge the side from a point to a linestring

I'm working with NTS (NetTopologySuite), I get point geometry and a directed linestring, how to judge the side of the point locate with the linestring? one the left side, right side, or just on the ...