Topology describes non-metric relationships among geometric figures, such as adjacency, containment, and orientation. It is a branch of Mathematics, which deals in geometry without measurement.

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Joining layers with respective elements with PostGIS Topology

Recently I have started using PostGIS topology extension, but I have some difficulties in understanding how the structure works: One of the key points is the use of "layer"s: as of what I understand, ...
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3answers
784 views

Snapping start- and end nodes of lines to other lines in PostGIS

There are plenty examples that show how to snap lines to points, but I haven't been able to find any (fast!) way of snapping the start- and end nodes of line strings to nodes of other lines. ...
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1answer
611 views

How to repair and clean contours from high data resolution (lidar)?

I'm unsuccessfully trying to make a bathymetric map with contours extracted from Lidar data at 1 m resolution. The extracted contours have a lot of artifacts like dangles and islands. First I used ...
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3answers
637 views

How to clean layers from non topological databases?

I'm doing my internship in a consulting office which is switching from MapInfo to QGIS/GRASS 1.8.0. I posted here a few days ago about the way to clean a polyline from a Lidar data with v.clean. ...
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270 views

topology rules for structuring topology data to get line feature as topoparent in topology graph

i Created topology graph of a polygon feature and i copied geometry of topology edges into line feature class,and topology nodes into point feature class i created topology layer containing ...
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1answer
110 views

Learning resources for beginning differential topology for a programmer? [closed]

With this question I'm looking for suggestions about how and where to start learning differential topology starting from a good base of linear algebra and geometry, also consider that this know-how is ...
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81 views

How do you split a feature using an existing line in QGIS?

All, Is there a way to split a feature (polygon) using an existing line (selected polyline) in QGIS? Thanks! -m
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2answers
82 views

How to store and edit data with a defined topology using open software and formats?

I'm looking for a way to store and edit spatial data that preserves topological information. In my concrete application, I need to represent triangular meshes, which consist of unique nodes and ...
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1answer
400 views

need help for script checking topology using ogr in python

My main goal is to create a new feature indicating if the line features intersect each other as well as if they are not connected to a feature. My problem is how to identify the intersecting and not ...
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3answers
719 views

How can I easily detect gaps in a polyline using arcmap 10.0 (arcview license)?

I'm making routes by selecting links from a streets layer which I export as a new temporarely layer in arcmap 10. This layer which I call route_temp unfortunately can be very long and contain gaps, ...
4
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1answer
424 views

Simplification algorithms for 3D topology

My problem is about simplifying a given topology that can be opened ( an usual 3D reconstruction of a given square on a map ), totally closed (like a perfect sphere) or a topology with holes ( a ...
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2answers
5k views

How to check Topology in QGIS?

I have two Shapefiles with Polygons ( City and Forerst) Is there a Plugin who is able check the topology (QGIS)? Like "Knots do not overlap" or something like that? I dont want that they overlap. ...
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1answer
226 views

Is there a standard st_relation_readable() function for translate DE-9IM strings?

Spatial databases, such as PostGIS, implement the DE-9IM model with function st_relate(), which returns a string with domain of {0,1,2,F}, meaning 0=point, 1=line, 2=area, and F="empty set"... See ...
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4answers
514 views

How can I create polygons of the area surrounded by roads / lines?

I'm currently trying to create polygons that represent the areas surrounded by roads. The roads are stored in PostGIS as points / lines so I have flexibility over what I can do with them. I'm ...
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2answers
749 views

Dissolve polygons - group to others with touching corners

I am working with some data that shows land management. There are many places where corners "touch". I would like to dissolve my dataset so that features are grouped (dissolved) with those that they ...
8
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1answer
347 views

How to add topology to PostGIS 2.0?

I have installed PostGIS 2.0 and need new topology but it doesn't seem installed by default. I found a lot of command line to install postgis 2.0 with topology but is there a way just to add topology? ...
4
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2answers
958 views

How can I identify gaps in polylines and polylines with more than one end point using ArcGIS 10?

I have a multipart polyline shapefile containing a large number of lines, some of which are broken by gaps and some of which have more than one start and end (by mistake - see attached). I need to ...
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2answers
1k views

How to solve “Cannot create topology” in ArcCatalog?

I have a FileGeodatabase in ArcGIS 10.0 with a feature dataset and five feature classes (3 polygon shapes, 1 line shape, 1 point shape). I'm trying to create a topology to verify some vectors. ...
5
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1answer
983 views

How to create adjacency matrix of topology graph of arc map for shortest path?

I have created a topology graph of a polygon feature and I want to find the individual FIDS of the lines of the polygon. I want to construct an adjacency matrix to create the shortest path. How can I ...
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2answers
633 views

How do I describe a special relationship between connected edges?

Consider this simple situation where three edges connect at a node: I’d like to write a succinct and clear description of the relationship between A and B in such a way that differentiates it from ...
4
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2answers
850 views

How to find self-intersecting polylines using ArcObjects?

If I have a polyline, how do I figure out whether it is self-intersecting? I tried to use ITopologicalOperator.IsSimple Property, but it always returns true. Are there any ways of doing these kind ...
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0answers
89 views

Topology validate error

Im using Arcmap 10.1 version.I don't know where i made mistake my database. I have attached an example image to show the Error Report.
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1answer
116 views

How can i identify this error? Must not connect point more than one line feature

I have attached an example image to show the problem: This is electrical network data sigle service point to connect more than one Service pole. Is it available any topology rules? I would like some ...
4
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1answer
311 views

Splitting polygons leaves null values

I'm trying to split polygons with overlaping line features, using Split Polygons tool from Topology toolbar. The problem I encounter is that only one from new polygons have old attributes and others ...
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1answer
35 views

Line FeatureClass shouldn't overlap with Polygone FeatureClass

Is there a way to setup such a rule in ArcMap 10 Topology that Line FeatureClass Features shouldn't overlap with Polygone FeatureClass Features?
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0answers
315 views

Snapping line endpoints to a point feature class by adding a vertex

I have a line feature class whose endpoints should snap to the closest point in a points feature class. The problem is, I do not want the lines to move, but rather a vertex must be added to the ...
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2answers
612 views

How to speed up space partitioning in postgis?

I've a bunch of overlapping polygons and I'm trying to partition the space to avoid having overlapping ones. I think my problem is fairly simple. Using some ESRI product and ...
2
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1answer
135 views

Compiling a list of units that border each other

I have a shapefile of U.S. counties. I am interested in compiling a list of those that border each other. In particular, I am interested in those that border each other but are in different states. ...
5
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1answer
936 views

How you can repair invalid topology errors within postgis?

I've imported the shapefile of corine land cover project to my postgis database and the select gid, ST_IsValidReason(geom) from gis.clc2000 where not ST_IsValid(geom); returns in every occasion ...
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1answer
83 views

how to judge the side from a point to a linestring

I'm working with NTS (NetTopologySuite), I get point geometry and a directed linestring, how to judge the side of the point locate with the linestring? one the left side, right side, or just on the ...
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2answers
1k views

Snapping two polygons together

I have a problem with two vector layers, both polygons. I have been digitising an historical map which contains large areas called townlands, filled by smaller areas called fields. I digitised both as ...
6
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1answer
1k views

FME - Can I write back into my original file geodatabase

I have a gas pipeline network which I have stored in an File Geodatabase as polylines. I've created an FME workspace to split the pipelines at fittings (valves, reducers, tees, etc) which are stored ...
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4answers
1k views

How can I create polygon of gaps/holes if I have several shapefiles

How can I create polygon of gaps/holes if I have several shapefiles. Do I really have to merge all layers, it it big amount of data (NEW YORK roadbed, buildings, water,parks etc) I have ET geowizards ...
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1answer
213 views

Optimize GEOSGeometry's spatial operations by avoiding thread-safety checks

A ranking algorithm I'm developing for a Django webapp requires performing spatial operations (within, intersections, sym_difference, etc.) using a query against large number of geometry objects. ...
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1answer
1k views

What's the status of Postgis 2.0 topology support in QGIS?

Having followed the Postgis developments over the past 6 months I have noticed a bunch of features which seem to be incredibly cool especially in the area of topologies and associating calculations on ...
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1answer
132 views

I need help to find out more information about Topology Errors toolbox or Extension?

I need someone out there who can answer my question. I do not remember if I add this Topology Editor Extension or toolbox to my ArcMap. I would like to know more about this toolbox. Thanks. (Changed ...
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1answer
3k views

How to resolve an Invalid Topology [Incomplete void poly] error from a geoprocessing service?

I am consuming a geoprocessing service from my Flex application. My geoprocessing service takes the input geometry, and intersects another layer. It then runs a Summery stats on the intersection ...
2
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1answer
646 views

How do I subdivide and edit polygons preserving topology?

I'm using QGIS. I have a layer made up of many adjacent polygons - let's call them "countries". I currently use the Atlas plugin to export each "country" polygon to a .png file. I want to further ...
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3answers
1k views

Questions on smooth lines on soil polygon?

In a couple of weeks I am going to do QA/QC on soil polygons and I'm wonder if there is a way for me to run a script or a tool box that allow me to find the jagged lines ? Alternative, my plan would ...
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2answers
292 views

Automatically apply topology rule to only selected portions of a .shp file?

I am looking for some examples/tutorials on how to apply a topology rule to only a selected portion of a shp file using a script in ArcGIS/GRASS. Using ArcGIS seems to always require an interactive ...
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1answer
4k views

Remove Holes Existing Within a Single Polygon in ArcGIS 10

I have a shapefile that consists of a single polygon. I have gaps within the polygon that need to be eliminated. The resultant dataset shoulde be a single, solid polygon. I have tried implementing ...
3
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1answer
2k views

Intersect two polylines using ArcObjects

I have two polylines and would like to find the intersection(s) using ArcObjects / VB.NET. I'm using the following code: Dim topoOp As ITopologicalOperator = TryCast(pTestPoly2, ...
4
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0answers
249 views

Topology - To be, or not to be, that is the question [closed]

Topology, I mean "real" topology, is not a new concept and it's available since a long time in GRASS gis. I won't speculate the reasons myself but, after a long period of spaghetti model ...
7
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1answer
2k views

Ring Self-Intersections in PostGIS

This is a follow on from previous question. You will see I am a new PostGIS user. I have looked at the validity of the topology in my data and find around 1700 topology issues in the landcover ...
13
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1answer
1k views

Identifying topological relationships using PostGIS

I'm trying to perform a basic typology analysis using PostGIS. My objective is to find any polygons that touch other polygons. To do this, I thought the ST_GetFaceEdges would work (reference). I want ...
3
votes
2answers
477 views

Determine point relation to given line

In ArcGIS engine I have a polyline with From and To points. I also have a Point. How can I determine if the point is located on the right or left of the line on the plane considering the direction of ...
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2answers
810 views

What does 'building topology' mean for pgRouting?

From a couple of answers at gis.stackexchange.com and at the pgRouting mailing list I have found out that pgRouting 'builds topology'. What does that mean? If for example we import an .osm file into ...
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2answers
744 views

Topological relationship between two polygon feature layers

I have two polygon feature layers: one representing land parcels and one representing roads. Some land parcels (polygons) coincide with a part of a road (another polygon feature). How can I check ...
6
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1answer
97 views

Dividing the world space to geographic sub-space

I am trying to divide the world space to geographic sub-space from "general" to "specific" locations and without using latitude and longitude information. That is, I am trying to think about the world ...
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2answers
1k views

Arc node topology in ArcMap

I would like to implement an arc node topology in arcmap. Do you know how can i build node topology from line layer in ArcMap 9.3.1?