Topology describes non-metric relationships among geometric figures, such as adjacency, containment, and orientation. It is a branch of Mathematics, which deals in geometry without measurement.

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How to check Topology in QGIS?

I have two Shapefiles with Polygons ( City and Forerst) Is there a Plugin who is able check the topology (QGIS)? Like "Knots do not overlap" or something like that? I dont want that they overlap. ...
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Why Intersect gives ERROR 999999: Error executing function Invalid Topology [Too many lineseg endpoints]?

I am trying to run an Intersect process in arcgis 10 sp 3 with 2 file sets (aspect and slope) from up to a 1m DEM across an area of 65,000sq km. The aspect has 9,930,384 records and the slope has ...
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5answers
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How to convert line simple features to topological network?

using Gdal/ OGR is there a way to convert a shp, kml, or PostGIS line layer into a network of nodes and segments so it can be used in packages such as networkx?
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4answers
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Remove Duplicate Polygons Using Open Source Tools

I have a shapefile containing features with duplicate geometries, but different attributes (e.g. a polygon with attribute XX, and an identical polygon with attribute XY). I want to identify the ...
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2answers
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How to repair topology of a shapefile?

I performed an object-based image analysis using ENVI EX, and each of the classified features were exported as a shapefile. I transferred those shapefiles into ArcMap 10, and tried to intersect them ...
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How to fill a hole in a multi-polygon layer on QGIS 2?

I need to fill a hole in a multi-polygon layer on QGIS 2.0. I've set the snapping option for the layer as follows : mode: to vertex and segment tolerance 4 pixels avoid intersection "enabled" ...
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1answer
680 views

Converting ArcGIS topology rules file (*.rul) to *.txt, *.csv or *.xls for reviewing?

Has anyone converted ESRI's topology rules file (.rul) into another format? I built a complex topology rules set and would like to QC it in something easier to read and work with than ArcCatalog. ...
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2answers
588 views

How to find self-intersecting polylines using ArcObjects?

If I have a polyline, how do I figure out whether it is self-intersecting? I tried to use ITopologicalOperator.IsSimple Property, but it always returns true. Are there any ways of doing these kind ...
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611 views

What is topojson and how is it different than geojson?

This is a conceptual question. What are the differences between these? and what are the pros and cons of these formats?
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5answers
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Find pseudo nodes in free GIS software

Software gvSIG OA Digital Edition 2010 have tools topology for finding pseudo nodes in linear geometry. I set cluster tolerance 0.00002 and maximum number of errors -10000 for 20000 link count linear ...
13
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1answer
985 views

Identifying topological relationships using PostGIS

I'm trying to perform a basic typology analysis using PostGIS. My objective is to find any polygons that touch other polygons. To do this, I thought the ST_GetFaceEdges would work (reference). I want ...
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What are the benefits of Multipart Features?

Multipart points, lines, and polygons are implemented in nearly every GIS, but what benefits, if any, do they provide? In a relational database attributes shared by different features can be stored ...
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974 views

Efficiently finding the 1st order neighbors of 200k polygons

For every one of the 208,781 Census block groups, I'd like to retrieve the FIPS IDs of all of its 1st order neighbors. I have all the TIGER boundaries downloaded and merged into a single 1GB ...
9
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2answers
460 views

Are there Desktop GIS alternatives to ArcGIS 10.X for topology and vector conflation?

Is there any options other than ArcGIS for Desktop for topological rules and automatic topology integrity enforcing in a Desktop GIS? I am looking for something that will automatically snap features ...
4
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2answers
988 views

Snapping two polygons together

I have a problem with two vector layers, both polygons. I have been digitising an historical map which contains large areas called townlands, filled by smaller areas called fields. I digitised both as ...
14
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2answers
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How to generalize a polygon file and maintain topology in QGIS?

my problem: I have a polygon-file in shape-format, which I need to generalize. How can "split" the polygons into lines, generalize and than "rebuild" the polygons, so that I can ensure, that there are ...
5
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1answer
140 views

Is there Open Source equivalent to ArcGIS Integrate (for topology correction)?

I need to transform a set of polygons so that it forms an exact spatial partition/tesselation (no gap - no overlap). What are the existing open-source solutions (software or library) to perform this ...
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5answers
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How to select all dangling polyline features with Arcview license?

I have a city roads shp file and would like to identify (select) all the locations where a roads ends (in other words dangles). I am working in ArcView 10. I do not want to use a topological tool ...
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2answers
893 views

How to preserve topology while editing polygons in OpenLayers?

I’m facing this issue: I have a chloropleth map based on a set of polygons with some data. Using WFS-T (postgis, geoserver, openlayers) I am able to edit the geometry of the polygons. This works fine. ...
5
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2answers
420 views

I would like to know how to clean topological errors

I am a new QGIS 2.0 user. I was so impressed the new default tool, Topology Checker, in this new version. But, hundreds errors are bothering me for cleaning up features. Is it possible to clean ...
6
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3answers
2k views

Create features from ArcGIS Topology errors

I have imported field users shapefiles into an ESRI geodatabase so that I can create some topology rulesets that identifies the errors as needed. Unfortunately the field users do not have a license ...
5
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2answers
293 views

What's the difference between hypsography and topography?

I've recently come across some data that has been labeled "hypsography". I looked it up and it sounds like topography. But this data source has data labeled "topography" separate from its ...
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3answers
187 views

How to identify misaligned corners in PLSS sections

Sometimes PLSS section corners do not align How could I automate the detection of these corners and generate a new shapefile showing where this occurs? I have a shapefile of 147k section polygons ...
6
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1answer
351 views

Algorithm to fill the gaps adjacent to parcels

I would like to find a way to fill the gaps between the road and its surrounding parcels, like described in picture below: I have different parcels like A and B , i want to fill the gaps by adding ...
3
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3answers
707 views

Cause of selected [ArcSDE 10] feature dataset does not contain any feature classes which can participate in topology?

When trying to create a topology for a polygon feature class in ArcSDE 10. I right click the feature dataset that the feature class resides and try to create a new topology. I get an error saying, ...
3
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1answer
191 views

Is there a standard st_relation_readable() function for translate DE-9IM strings?

Spatial databases, such as PostGIS, implement the DE-9IM model with function st_relate(), which returns a string with domain of {0,1,2,F}, meaning 0=point, 1=line, 2=area, and F="empty set"... See ...
3
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2answers
418 views

Determine point relation to given line

In ArcGIS engine I have a polyline with From and To points. I also have a Point. How can I determine if the point is located on the right or left of the line on the plane considering the direction of ...
3
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2answers
293 views

Getting line FID from polygon ITopologyGraph

I want to export polygon Arc list to txt file for that I created topologygraph for personal geodatabase feature class (polygon) using ITopologyGraph::build. I got polygon FIDs but I am not getting ...
2
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1answer
59 views

How to generate pgrouting source and target with OSM?

Is there anyone here can explain me more details for pgrouting's source and target? I'm wondering how to generate with the given lonlat in OSM PostGIS entities. In pgrouting's website, they are ...
2
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1answer
1k views

How to populate From Node and To Node fields for a polyline feature class? (ArcGIS 10)

I need to populate FNODE and TNODE fields for my roads dataset. I have an intersections point feature class that has unique ids, and I need each road segment to have an FNODE and TNODE value that ...