A coordinate-based data model that represents geographic features as points, lines, and polygons.

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17
votes
8answers
12k views

How to georeference a vector layer with control points?

I have a non-georeferenced vector layer that I need to be georeferenced. With raster layers the task is easy and straightforward, but I have no idea what should I do with my vector layer. I have a few ...
36
votes
4answers
35k views

How to clip a raster with vector boundaries?

I am using QGIS. I would like to clip a raster precipitation layer using an admin boundary layer that is vector data. However the geoprocessing tools seem to be usable only for vector data. How can ...
16
votes
4answers
33k views

How to convert a vector layer to raster?

In qgis in the raster menu there is an item "convert vector to raster". This behaves strangely - I do not understand how it is supposed to work. I can select a vector file, an attribute and an ...
24
votes
7answers
10k views

Nearest neighbor between point layer and line layer?

I've asked this question several times on stackoverflow and irc between #qgis and #postgis and I also tried to code it or implement it my self in postgis with no real answer. Using programming (most ...
24
votes
4answers
35k views

How do I load OSM vector data in QGIS 2.x?

In QGIS 1.8 I used the openstreetmap plugin to request data from the server, or open a .osm XML file, which produced 3 layers (polygons, polylines and points) in QGIS. This was great (give or take the ...
14
votes
6answers
7k views

Converting GeoPDF to vector format like CAD or shapefile?

I want to convert a GeoPDF that has vectors entity in it to a vector format and preserve the real coordinates of these vectors. The GeoPDF has been exported from ArcMap and has layers in it. I have ...
8
votes
2answers
9k views

Rotating a vector layer in QGIS with qgsAffine (or other method)?

I would like to rotate a set of vector points in QGIS an arbitrary number of degrees around a central point (or arbitrary point). This is similar to a recent question about creating a regular grid; ...
8
votes
4answers
7k views

How to split a vector in equal smaller parts in QGIS or similar?

i want to divide a shapefile with many tiles into a lot of smaller tiles. I am searching for a smart solution, because manual edits are out of questions Anyone can help or know a nice function?
7
votes
3answers
7k views

Finding nearest raster cell value based on vector point?

I have two layers in ArcGIS: One is a vector point and the other is a raster layer. I want to append the value of the raster data grid to the vector point. The problem is the vector point is away from ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

How do I find vector line bearing in QGIS or GRASS?

How can one extract the bearings from a set of lines in a vector file? I'm trying to find the bearings of several straight vector line segments (simplified contour lines, actually) and can't figure ...
7
votes
1answer
5k views

How to create a point along a line given distance

I have been given a non-spatial database which contains the names of lines which I have a shapefile for. The database also has names of points and the distance of each point from the origin along the ...
4
votes
2answers
11k views

How to clip a line layer based on polygons with QGIS?

I have a line layer and a polygon layer. Both files have the same SRS. I want in a new shape file only the lines covered by the polygons. I tried in QGIS the Vector -> Geoprocessing -> Clip ...
42
votes
6answers
95k views

What are Raster and Vector data in GIS and when to use?

What are raster and vector data in the GIS context? In general terms what applications, processes, or analysis are each suited for? (And not suited for!) In answering someone's question today, I ...
42
votes
5answers
15k views

Self-hosting Mapbox vector tiles

As presented in a talk at FOSS4G Mapbox Studio allows to create Mapbox vector tiles and export them as a .mbtiles file. The mapbox-gl.js library can be used to dynamically style and render Mapbox ...
16
votes
4answers
45k views

Extract Raster Value into Polygon Attribute

I have Raster Data for a State which has Elevation Data in its pixels. I also have Vector layer which has the 300 divisions of State. what I need is, I want to get the average elevation value of ...
18
votes
2answers
10k views

How to Import SVG into GIS?

I have a PDF file, with a Map as a vector graphic. I want to get this into GIS. (I use ESRI's ArcGIS, but any FOSS solution is also fine). I know that it is not possible to directly get the PDF into ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

Checking if polygon fits inside another polygon using ArcGIS or QGIS?

How do I check if one polygon fits inside another polygon? Furthermore how do I automatically check if one polygon fits in other polygons of my shapefile? I have a shapefile with thousands of ...
14
votes
4answers
11k views

How to move vectors to specified coordinates in QGIS?

I have a layer of vectors located around, say, (100, 100), and I want to move them to new coordinate like (1000, 1000). How should I do it? Preferably using QGIS.
8
votes
1answer
7k views

Openlayers wfs vector layer

I'm trying to add a vector layer with a wfs layer and it's not working.Can anyone point a solution? Openlayers code: var wfs = new OpenLayers.Layer.Vector( "Stavros Features", ...
13
votes
1answer
3k views

How to access feature classes in file geodatabases with Python and GDAL?

I am trying to access a vector dataset in a ESRI File Geodatabase using Python + GDAL. I have successfully compiled GDAL with the file geodatabase API. The FileGDB driver is working correctly since ...
4
votes
4answers
9k views

Measuring the distance between lines and points in QGIS

Using QGIS - I have a vector of fault lines. I have point data in the form of a csv which I have also loaded into QGIS. I need to know how far each point is from the nearest fault line then enter ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Georeference vector linework

I'm new to GIS and a lot of searching didn't answer my specific question so far, so I hope someone can help me here. What I want to do is creating a small web application to visualize election ...
6
votes
3answers
4k views

Easily calculate “roundness/compactness” of a polygon

I am trying to find ways to quantitatively describe the shapes of various polygons. For my project, these polygons represent lakes, rivers, lagoons, and parks. So they can be almost any shape. One ...
4
votes
4answers
13k views

Calculating the minimum distance between points and polygons in QGIS

I have two vector layers: one point and one polygon and I want to calculate the minimum distance of each point from the polygons (ie the distance from the closest point of the closest polygon). Is ...
0
votes
2answers
48 views

Group points and compute area

In a point vector layer, how to compute area for 4 defined ranges of values of one attribute? On the example below, I want the total area for each of the 4 colours.
50
votes
8answers
10k views

How to create Vector Polygons at the same amazing speeds GISCloud is able to render them?

EDIT (outlining new bounty added): I have added the largest bounty possible to this question in hope of getting a very detailed answer. Your solution should outline a step-by-step guide utilizing open ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

Moving points onto lines (~neighborhood)

I do have two vector layer, of which one is a point layer based on "events" by remote sensing and the second one is a line layer from local research. In my case these are earthquakes and tectonic ...
2
votes
5answers
6k views

Is there any way to extract coordinates of a road segment using QGIS?

I add my own road vector data on top of Google map using open layers plugin with QGIS. The vector layer is generated using PostgreSQL DB. Is there any way to extract coordinates of a road segment ?
15
votes
1answer
11k views

Merging adjacent polygons in shapefile that has been split at tile boundaries?

I'm currently using building data from the Ordnance Survey Vectormap District and I've noticed that a lot of building polygons are split in 2 because of the way the OS split up the shapefile. This is ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

QGIS affine - form of equation

I am at the mercy of a govt authority who have provided utility information in a cad format with a 0,0 origin and a nonsense grid. About a dozen files, the grid and origin are entirely arbitrary. To ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Sketch event in Openlayers 3 drawing interaction

For drawing Polygon in OpenLayers 2 we could use as follow: function drawEnd(){ ... } function putPoint(){ ... } function sketchModified(){ ... } function cancel(){ ... } var ...
3
votes
1answer
11k views

Add feature manually to a vector layer in ol3

I'm trying to add a layer manually to a vector layer with javascript. I can't seem to determine why this is failing: http://jsfiddle.net/Kieveli/f4t6n6v1/4/ I've tried sane coordinates like 16,22, ...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

Creating a raster surface of overlaps from vector polygon shapefiles?

Basically what I'm trying to do (in ArcGIS 10) is to compare three vector files in order to create a 'comparison' raster layer. I tried using Data Comparison (under Data Management tools) but it didn'...
5
votes
3answers
6k views

How to combine information from raster and vector layers?

in QGIS I have 1 raster-layer (elevation) and 1 vector-layer (administrative units). Now I would like to be able to query one of the administrative units and see the mean and min/max of the elevation ...
4
votes
1answer
413 views

How to horizontally align irregularly shaped point symbol to vector layer in QGIS?

Fairly new to QGIS and searching a method to graphically align my point symbols in the direction of the vector. The symbol represents a water valve in an irregular shape in close proximity to a vector ...
3
votes
4answers
3k views

How to convert a vector map to raster in Qgis?

I am creating a thematic map (vector data) with different classes. How to convert this vector map to a raster map, keeping the classification?
3
votes
2answers
2k views

How to find the middle point of a line in QGIS

I am trying to locate the coordinates of the middle point of a line feature in QGIS. I tried searching online but can't seem to find an easy way to do this.
7
votes
1answer
3k views

How to remove a vector QgsVectorLayer from QGis python plugin

I managed to add QgsVectorLayer in QGIS through a python plugin, for example: vl = self.iface.addVectorLayer(uri.uri(), layerName, self.dbConn.getProviderName()) But how can I remove it?
2
votes
1answer
877 views

“Node tool: could not snap to a segment on the current layer” message

I have a strange issue. Editing a layer with node tool I get always the following message: "Node tool: could not snap to a segment on the current layer." This error happens to me even with a fresh ...
58
votes
7answers
2k views

Are there any attempts to replace the shapefile?

Recently I've been spending a lot of time converting perfectly good field names like "Percent of citizens age 25 and over with a bachelor's degree or higher" into things like "edbchogtr" to meet the ...
19
votes
3answers
839 views

How can we protect GIS data?

I have found a very interesting paper here related to this topic. I just want to have views/ideas from other professional about how we can protect GIS data using Cryptography or Digital Watermarking? ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

How to define layer's CRS and avoid the CRS dialog in PyQGIS?

There is an existing Shapefile, which I want to add. At the moment my code looks like: self.iface.addVectorLayer(self.shpFilePath, "Track", "ogr") It works fine, but i want to define the crs ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

How to calculate orientation of line segments using open source GIS?

I'd like to calculate the orientation of line segments relative to north direction using open source tools. Which tools or functions would you recommend?
4
votes
1answer
2k views

How to use a sld file with Openlayers using OSM data?

My app, made with openlayers, displays building data called from overpass api. var data_url = "http://overpass-api.de/api/interpreter?data=(way[building](bbox);node(w););out body;"; //main working ...
9
votes
2answers
472 views

Creating an “average” polygon

I found this thread in the old ESRI forums with the same type of problem I am facing today. The solution to the problem is explained in little detail and since I am not an expert, I was wondering if ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Merging and joining two line feature classes while maintaining attributes from both using ArcGIS for Desktop?

I created an event layer using the MAKE ROUTE EVENT LAYER tool based on anticipated scheduled events. The road layer which is the base layer is intact. What I would like to achieve is combine layer ...
10
votes
3answers
995 views

In what coordinate systems do true circles appear round?

Please excuse what is probably an obvious question from a relative newB to GIS -- this seems like it should be a snap. I've been developing in Gmaps for awhile and am switching to OpenLayers but am ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Create interactive map with no server

I have managed to build a great web mapping application using tiles created from GeoWebCache and a custom gridset, but I now need to add an overlay to the base maps. The only interactivity I need is a ...
6
votes
2answers
12k views

How to connect OpenLayers to PostGIS data?

I have read in OpenLayers how to load KML, GeoJSON etc. vector files in OpenLayers. But how can I connect to PostGIS data. If not, why should I upload my data to PostGIS then instead of directly ...
2
votes
0answers
117 views

Connect two contour lines with calculated line length

Is it possible to make a plugin for QGIS like PEGGER for arcview 3.2? Problem is, how to make path over contour lines with a gradient in percent? Formula is: K= e*100/G*M ; K=10*100/0.08*10000=1.25m ...