The coordinate system known as World Geodetic System 1984 (EPSG:4636)

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19
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2answers
427 views

Precision when working with spatial data in GIS

Is there a basic or introductory study that examines and compares the precision of spatial data when working with varying precison of the data input, like having 1, 2, ... decimal places? with the ...
16
votes
5answers
10k views

Map projection in OpenLayers

I want to overlay some data whose projection is WGS-84 on Google map layer in OpenLayers. But I just can't make them in the right place. I did as follows: map = new OpenLayers.Map('map', { ...
11
votes
4answers
2k views

Looking for a pythonic way to calculate the length of a WKT linestring

I was quite unsatisfied with Calculating Length of Linestrings in WGS84 in Miles. It kept me wondering if there is a more convenient, Pythonic way to calculate the length of a WKT linestring according ...
11
votes
2answers
6k views

How do you compute the earth's radius at a given geodetic latitude?

(I see there is an equation on wikipedia that does exactly what I am asking but there is no references. I have no way of confirming the validity of this equation!) I already understand the difference ...
11
votes
1answer
552 views

How to find ring of coverage of GPS Satellite on WGS-84 ellipsoid?

Given the following: Time, t The set of IS-200 Ephemeris data, E, of a GPS Satellite corresponding to time t The ECEF position of the GPS satellite, P=(x,y,z), derived from the time and ephemeris, ...
9
votes
2answers
8k views

Converting projected geoTiff to WGS84 with GDAL and Python

Apologies if the following question is somewhat stupid, but I am only VERY new to this whole GIS thing. I am trying to convert some projected geoTiff images to WGS84 using gdal in python. I have ...
9
votes
4answers
9k views

How do I calculate the bounding box for given a distance and latitude/longitude

Hi need to be able to calculate a bounding box or circle for a Given WGS84 latitude and WGS84 longitude, and distance but have no Idea where to start! The distance from the start lat Lon would be 10KM ...
8
votes
3answers
344 views

Global grid, which reference system to use?

I have seen a couple global studies using WGS84 as geographic reference, with the problem that the area of raster cells is not constant. Which reference system would you use for a global analysis in ...
8
votes
1answer
3k views

Characteristics of different methods to convert ECEF to LLA

I'm trying to convert ECEF (Earth Centered, Earth Fixed) coordinates, which are defined in X,Y,Z, centered at (0,0,0) to LLA (Latitude, Longitude, Altitude). There are a couple of methods I found on ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

How is EPSG:4326 data 'projected' in a 2D map?

I like to think I'm relatively well-versed in datums, projections, and coordinate reference systems, so if this is a stupid question I will suffer eternal shame. OpenStreetMap data is stored in WGS84 ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

How do I get the area of a WGS84 polygon in square meters?

The following gives me the area of the polygon in square degrees: SELECT ST_Area(ST_GeomFromText('POLYGON((871325.790874952 6105405.3261047,871418.748307692 6105359.72944624,871346.22022442 ...
6
votes
3answers
7k views

Converting X,Y coordinates to lat/long using pyproj and Proj.4 returns the wrong coordinates

I'm writing a python script that reads multiple XML files containing x and y coordinates and combines them all into a single csv file. Latitude and Longitude are required fields in the csv, but I am ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Python script to convert Lat Long to ITM (Irish Transverse Mercator)

I am currently working on a python script that converts Lat Long (WGS84) to ITM. The formulas used are based on a paper published by OSGB (Appendix B): ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Measuring distance between points in ArcMap - what coordinate system to use?

This is a basic -newbie - question. I have some handwritten data points taken off a GPS - so I am assuming they are in WGS 84, and I want to load them in ArcMap 9.3, via excel, and measure the ...
5
votes
2answers
792 views

Stereographic projection of WGS84 ellipsoid on a plane[python]

I would like to ask you for help in following task. What I need to do is to derive local x,y coordinates from latitude, longitude, applying stereographic projection of WGS84 ellipsoid on a plane, ...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

OSM To Postgis & WGS84 problems

I’m trying to import OpenStreetMap (OSM) data into postGIS it doesn’t appear to be working in that features do not appear to be in the correct place.. Using the QGIS OSM add in and a coastal shape ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Converting Ordnance Survey raster maps to WGS84 webmap tiles

I would like to generate Google/Bing-like map tiles from Ordnance Survey's 1:25000 and 1:50000 raster maps, which are provided as 4000x4000 UK national grid tiles (GeoTIFF). A sample tile can be ...
5
votes
3answers
160 views

What is the precise distance from equator to pole according to WGS84?

For calculating areas of polygons by means of projecting to a cylindrical equal area projection I came across the following discrepancy: I ended up with a different distance, off by more than 5km, ...
5
votes
2answers
6k views

How to calculate new point coordinates from distance and angle using ArcGIS SDK for iOS?

I want to calculate the coordinates of a new point. What I have: The source point coordinates, the distance (meters) and the angle For example: I want to create a point within 100 meters and 45 ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

java vividsolutions jts wgs-84 distance to meters

my (java) project uses com.vividsolutions.jts.geom, which provides a distance function. After some googling I finally found that the return value from this function is in central angle degrees, when ...
5
votes
1answer
506 views

Creating a User Defined Point Grid

Im trying to write some code (in C#, but any language will do) where the user defines and area, based on Min/Max Long/Lat's, and specifies a distance between points in meters, and the code returns a ...
4
votes
4answers
3k views

What is the projection of WGS84 in GIS software?

WGS84 is a reference ellipsoid that determines coordinates of every point on Earth using latitude, longitude and height about the its surface. This ellipsoid is often used as a base to make maps. ...
4
votes
4answers
5k views

How to recalc WGS84 Shape_Area field to square miles in ArcGIS 10

What are the units of the Shape_Area field in a wgs84 feature class? Is it decimal degree squared? I would like to convert that to something more meaningful like square miles without reprojecting the ...
4
votes
1answer
923 views

Matching ArcGIS and QGIS coordinate systems

I have the following info for a feature class in ArcGIS that is supposed to be in WGS 1984/UTM 16N projected coordinate system: Projection: Transverse_Mercator False_Easting: 500000.000000 ...
4
votes
2answers
525 views

What's the best projection for rasterization of random latitude and longitude data in the northern Atlantic?

I have a dataset in the WGS84 geographic coordinate system that I would like to interpolate along a grid using Python. It appears gdal_grid is not available through the Python bindings, so I plan to ...
4
votes
2answers
81 views

Projected coordinate system for South America

Does anybody have any suggestions for a projected coordinate system for the Northern part of South America? I have a data set that reaches from Venezuela to Southern Peru and I'd like to do some ...
4
votes
1answer
92 views

Should geometries be drawn using rhumb-line or great-circle paths?

I work with WGS-84 coordinates and, most of the time, my map display (luciadmap) is in Mercator projection. My client is surprised to see that, for a rectangular geometry: the line between the 2 ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Converting Lambert Conformal Conic to WGS84 using Proj.4

I am attempting to transform data from Lambert Conformal Conic lat/long and I am having some issues with the results. The shapefile I am attemtping to transform can be found here: ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Distances in {Plate Carrée projection - EPSG:4326 - WGS84}

So, "4326 is just the EPSG identifier of WGS84" [3], indeed http://spatialreference.org/ref/epsg/4326/html/ says it is a GEOGraphic Coordinate System: GEOGCS["WGS 84", DATUM["WGS_1984", ...
4
votes
0answers
154 views

GeoJSON shape distorted on Leaflet.js spherical mercator WMS map [closed]

I have a map with a simple WMS layer in spherical mercator projection (rendered by a OSM-Mapnik-TileCache server stack, everything is in EPSG:900913 / EPSG:3857). First: I can't understand why, if ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

ST_Distance versus ST_Distance_Spheroid?

As my client software uses lat/lon coordinates when communicating with my (spherical mercator) postgis database i decided to ST_Transform every geometry to WGS-84. However i noticed that ST_Distance ...
3
votes
2answers
202 views

Merge geojson polygons with WGS84 coordinate

I have a Geojson file with some adjacent polygons and I want to merge them into one. I know it's a recurrent question but I can't find information for polygons with latitude and longitude coordinates ...
3
votes
1answer
121 views

Problem with projection in layer

I'm having problems with visualizing a layer which is in EPSG:4326 Apparently the geometry looks perfect, but I don't know why, it's not in real coordinates. I have projected it to 4326 with QGIS, ...
3
votes
1answer
369 views

How to convert a CSV from DMS to WGS84 in QGIS?

I would like to automatically convert from a Degree - minute - second system to WGS84 EPSG:32632. I have a CSV with these kind of values: LATITUDINE LONGITUDINE 46°01’24,7” 11°13’47,5” 45°42’07,5” ...
3
votes
1answer
932 views

How to reproject MODIS Swath data to WGS84

Im new to GIS and now working with MODIS04L2 Aerosol Optical Thickness image. I need to reproject the image to other coordinate system such as WGS84 for later work but now Im stuck with it. I have try ...
3
votes
1answer
608 views

Are these two OGC WKT projections the same? And if so, why are their reference strings different?

So here is the .prj text of a federal shapefile dataset of all public airports in its native OGC WKT format: ...
3
votes
4answers
729 views

Issues using geographic and projected coordinate systems QGIS 2.0

I am having issues with QGIS 2.0.1 working between local projected coordinate systems (such as OSGB36, NAD83) and Geographic systems (such as WGS84). The stock answer I have been provided is 'load ...
3
votes
2answers
76 views

How can I assess the accuracy of a reprojection?

I'm reprojecting a set of measured GPS co-ordinates from WGS84 to OSGB36, using two methods: the pyproj.transform method, which uses PROJ.4, and a "homemade" method from here. The latter method is ...
3
votes
1answer
230 views

Why is my Polygon (WGS84) in SpatiaLite 4 not displayed by QGIS? [closed]

I made a polygon in a SpatiaLite 4 database as follows: INSERT INTO test_pg (id, name, geom) VALUES (3, 'test', ST_PolyFromText('POLYGON((8.556824 47.185269, 8.611009 47.185269, 8.611009 47.218568, ...
3
votes
1answer
135 views

Comparing printed nautical charts to GPS coordinates

I'm just getting my head wrapped around the various geodesic systems. I have some (printed) Finnish nautical charts I'm trying to match to GPS coordinates. Given the number of underwater obstacles, ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

Rhombus shaped pixels when viewing an image referenced in WGS84

Following the Question What is the projection of WGS84 in GIS software?, in the comments section of the answer http://gis.stackexchange.com/a/73578/5256, Jake very well explains that Because the ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

WGS84 - how to convert

I have multiple locations saved in WGS84 - it looks like e.g. latitude: 12345678 longitude: 87654321. I tried to search it on the map this way: 12.345678 87.654321, but it doesn't match the place it ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

What is the relationship between ITRF and WGS84?

Why are there people saying that "I am using WGS84(ITRF96)"? There are newer version of ITRF. Will WGS84 follow it? If so, what will be the influence to us?
3
votes
1answer
990 views

Point of Intersection for a Ray and Earth's Surface

Say I have a ray vector originating from somewhere out in space. An example might be a ray of light from the sun. How can I calculate the point of intersection (if it exists) between the ray and the ...
3
votes
2answers
94 views

Google layers not matching

I'm working in a project with whole Europe data. I'm working with WGS84 (4326), and sometimes I overlay my polygons with Google maps layer (in QGIS) to see some details. When I do this, I have to ...
3
votes
1answer
106 views

How to get projected centroids in QGIS?

I am trying to get a centroid for several polygons on a global scale, in a way that it would correctly represent the common centre of all the polygons, taking Earth's curvature into account. The ...
3
votes
1answer
845 views

How to convert to Australian Height Datum from Google Earth elevation?

I am trying to figure out how to convert from Google Earth elevation to Australian Height Datum (AHD). Google Earth's elevation / altitude is based on The vertical component (altitude) is measured ...
3
votes
1answer
534 views

How to convert a geotiff from WGS84 to 3857 with gdalwarp?

I'm trying to convert images with WGS84 projection to 3857 but warp is not giving me a output I would expect. This is my command: gdalwarp -s_srs "+proj=merc +datum=WGS84" -t_srs "EPSG:3857" ...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

Need advice for localized survey base point

I have a set of 4 control points used for H and V localization. There is a base point located far to the SW of the property. I did not create this myself, but took it off of an existing Pocket 3-D ...
3
votes
2answers
169 views

Find intercept WGS84 coordinates between two segments defined by (Lat1-Long1 and Lat2-Long2) and (Lat3-Long3 and Lat4-Long4)

I need to determine the WGS84 coordinates for a point that is defined by the interception of two segments represented by two sets of WGS84 coordinates each (lat1-long1, lat2-long2) and (lat3-long3, ...