# Tagged Questions

WGS84 is a geodetic coordinate system, the World Geodetic System 1984 (EPSG:4326).

14k views

### Map projection in OpenLayers

I want to overlay some data whose projection is WGS-84 on Google map layer in OpenLayers. But I just can't make them in the right place. I did as follows: map = new OpenLayers.Map('map', { ...
483 views

### Precision when working with spatial data in GIS

Is there a basic or introductory study that examines and compares the precision of spatial data when working with varying precison of the data input, like having 1, 2, ... decimal places? with the ...
12k views

### How do you compute the earth's radius at a given geodetic latitude?

(I see there is an equation on wikipedia that does exactly what I am asking but there is no references. I have no way of confirming the validity of this equation!) I already understand the difference ...
4k views

### What causes the GPS offset/shift in China?

I've spent close to two full days trying to understand the nature of the infamous GPS shift in China. After sifting through the noise, two recurring symptoms are that: GPS coordinates (WGS-84) plot ...
3k views

### Looking for a pythonic way to calculate the length of a WKT linestring

I was quite unsatisfied with Calculating Length of Linestrings in WGS84 in Miles. It kept me wondering if there is a more convenient, Pythonic way to calculate the length of a WKT linestring according ...
1k views

### How to find ring of coverage of GPS Satellite on WGS-84 ellipsoid?

Given the following: Time, t The set of IS-200 Ephemeris data, E, of a GPS Satellite corresponding to time t The ECEF position of the GPS satellite, P=(x,y,z), derived from the time and ephemeris, (...
16k views

### How do I calculate the bounding box for given a distance and latitude/longitude

Hi need to be able to calculate a bounding box or circle for a Given WGS84 latitude and WGS84 longitude, and distance but have no Idea where to start! The distance from the start lat Lon would be 10KM ...
12k views

### Converting X,Y coordinates to lat/long using pyproj and Proj.4 returns the wrong coordinates

I'm writing a python script that reads multiple XML files containing x and y coordinates and combines them all into a single csv file. Latitude and Longitude are required fields in the csv, but I am ...
14k views

### Converting projected geoTiff to WGS84 with GDAL and Python

Apologies if the following question is somewhat stupid, but I am only VERY new to this whole GIS thing. I am trying to convert some projected geoTiff images to WGS84 using gdal in python. I have ...
7k views

### Characteristics of different methods to convert ECEF to LLA

I'm trying to convert ECEF (Earth Centered, Earth Fixed) coordinates, which are defined in X,Y,Z, centered at (0,0,0) to LLA (Latitude, Longitude, Altitude). There are a couple of methods I found on ...
457 views

### Global grid, which reference system to use?

I have seen a couple global studies using WGS84 as geographic reference, with the problem that the area of raster cells is not constant. Which reference system would you use for a global analysis in ...
2k views

### Point of Intersection for a Ray and Earth's Surface

Say I have a ray vector originating from somewhere out in space. An example might be a ray of light from the sun. How can I calculate the point of intersection (if it exists) between the ray and the ...
4k views

### How is EPSG:4326 data 'projected' in a 2D map?

I like to think I'm relatively well-versed in datums, projections, and coordinate reference systems, so if this is a stupid question I will suffer eternal shame. OpenStreetMap data is stored in WGS84 ...
5k views

### How do I get the area of a WGS84 polygon in square meters?

The following gives me the area of the polygon in square degrees: SELECT ST_Area(ST_GeomFromText('POLYGON((871325.790874952 6105405.3261047,871418.748307692 6105359.72944624,871346.22022442 6105215....
148 views

### Polygons across international dateline [-180..+180 longitude]

I'm trying to generate polygons for satellite orbital swaths. So far I have a method to generate two lines which represent the edge of each swath in [lat,long]. Some of the swath's cross the ...
8k views

### How to recalc WGS84 Shape_Area field to square miles in ArcGIS 10

What are the units of the Shape_Area field in a wgs84 feature class? Is it decimal degree squared? I would like to convert that to something more meaningful like square miles without reprojecting the ...
204 views

### Is a Helmert transform necessary to convert between WGS84 and NAD83?

I've read things all over the internet which claim that NAD83 and WGS84 are effectively equivalent (with minor ellipsoid differences). However, if I do geodetic (WGS84) -> ECEF -> geodetic (NAD83) ...
2k views

### Python script to convert Lat Long to ITM (Irish Transverse Mercator)

I am currently working on a python script that converts Lat Long (WGS84) to ITM. The formulas used are based on a paper published by OSGB (Appendix B): http://www.leica-geosystems.co.uk/downloads123/...
3k views

### Measuring distance between points in ArcMap - what coordinate system to use?

This is a basic -newbie - question. I have some handwritten data points taken off a GPS - so I am assuming they are in WGS 84, and I want to load them in ArcMap 9.3, via excel, and measure the ...
10k views

### What is the projection of WGS84 in GIS software?

WGS84 is a reference ellipsoid that determines coordinates of every point on Earth using latitude, longitude and height about the its surface. This ellipsoid is often used as a base to make maps. ...
7k views

### How are EGM96 and WGS84 related to each other?

As far as I understand the EGM96 defines the Geoid, where as the WGS84 Standard defines the Ellipsoid. Is the ellipsoid defined in the WGS84 standard defined in a way to maximize the congruency with ...
2k views

### OSM To Postgis & WGS84 problems

I’m trying to import OpenStreetMap (OSM) data into postGIS it doesn’t appear to be working in that features do not appear to be in the correct place.. Using the QGIS OSM add in and a coastal shape ...
2k views

### Stereographic projection of WGS84 ellipsoid on a plane[python]

I would like to ask you for help in following task. What I need to do is to derive local x,y coordinates from latitude, longitude, applying stereographic projection of WGS84 ellipsoid on a plane, when ...
2k views

### Converting Ordnance Survey raster maps to WGS84 webmap tiles

I would like to generate Google/Bing-like map tiles from Ordnance Survey's 1:25000 and 1:50000 raster maps, which are provided as 4000x4000 UK national grid tiles (GeoTIFF). A sample tile can be ...
5k views

### java vividsolutions jts wgs-84 distance to meters

my (java) project uses com.vividsolutions.jts.geom, which provides a distance function. After some googling I finally found that the return value from this function is in central angle degrees, when ...
293 views

### What is the precise distance from equator to pole according to WGS84?

For calculating areas of polygons by means of projecting to a cylindrical equal area projection I came across the following discrepancy: I ended up with a different distance, off by more than 5km, ...
12k views

### How to calculate new point coordinates from distance and angle using ArcGIS SDK for iOS?

I want to calculate the coordinates of a new point. What I have: The source point coordinates, the distance (meters) and the angle For example: I want to create a point within 100 meters and 45 ...
573 views

### Creating a User Defined Point Grid

Im trying to write some code (in C#, but any language will do) where the user defines and area, based on Min/Max Long/Lat's, and specifies a distance between points in meters, and the code returns a ...
4k views

### Converting Lambert Conformal Conic to WGS84 using Proj.4

I am attempting to transform data from Lambert Conformal Conic lat/long and I am having some issues with the results. The shapefile I am attemtping to transform can be found here: http://tfr.faa.gov/...
256 views

### Is re-projection needed from SRID 4326 (WGS 84) to 4269 (NAD 83)SRID

I have US census data against state boundaries stored as SRID 4269, in an MSSQL DB. The input data used for calculations against that dataset is stored as SRID 4326. As far as I can infer from the ...
2k views

### Merge geojson polygons with WGS84 coordinate

I have a Geojson file with some adjacent polygons and I want to merge them into one. I know it's a recurrent question but I can't find information for polygons with latitude and longitude coordinates ...
198 views

### Why is ST_Distance_Sphere using WGS 80?

PostgreSQL's ST_Distance_Sphere function calculates the distances on earth: float ST_Distance_Sphere(geometry pointlonlatA, geometry pointlonlatB); In its documentation, there is a peculiar note: ...
1k views

### Matching ArcGIS and QGIS coordinate systems

I have the following info for a feature class in ArcGIS that is supposed to be in WGS 1984/UTM 16N projected coordinate system: Projection: Transverse_Mercator False_Easting: 500000.000000 ...
930 views

### What's the best projection for rasterization of random latitude and longitude data in the northern Atlantic?

I have a dataset in the WGS84 geographic coordinate system that I would like to interpolate along a grid using Python. It appears gdal_grid is not available through the Python bindings, so I plan to ...
702 views

### Projected coordinate system for South America

Does anybody have any suggestions for a projected coordinate system for the Northern part of South America? I have a data set that reaches from Venezuela to Southern Peru and I'd like to do some ...
2k views

### Are these two OGC WKT projections the same? And if so, why are their reference strings different?

So here is the .prj text of a federal shapefile dataset of all public airports in its native OGC WKT format: GEOGCS["GCS_WGS_1984",DATUM["D_WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS_1984",6378137.0,298.257223563]],...
266 views

### Should geometries be drawn using rhumb-line or great-circle paths?

I work with WGS-84 coordinates and, most of the time, my map display (luciadmap) is in Mercator projection. My client is surprised to see that, for a rectangular geometry: the line between the 2 ...
1k views

### Geographic Transformations in Alaska Between NAD83 and WGS84

I have done a ton of research on the most accurate transformation to use in mainland Alaska to convert between the NAD83 and WGS84 datums, but I just can't seem to find a definitive answer. ArcMap ...
675 views

### How do I convert Eastings and Northings projection to WSG84 in geopandas?

I'm very new to projections and struggling to convert a map dataset from OSGB36 (Eastings and Northings) to WGS84 (lat/longs). I've used geopandas to import a shapefile. Now I want to export it as ...
681 views

### On python, how to generate an array of coordinates between two points

Perhaps I'm looking to a solved question, but while searching I didn't find any solution. I need to build a matrix of lat, lon values, based on two points, and a sampling rate (distance between points)...
100 views

### WRF Spherical Earth to WGS 84

Weather Research Forcasting Model assumes a spherical earth model with a radius of 6370km. I'm looking to display the data onto the WGS-84 Ellipsoid model as that is the model my system uses for its ...
409 views

### How to convert Chinese Beijing 1954 coordinates to WGS84

I have a series of coordinates for locations in Sichuan Province China that I need to convert so that I can use them in Google Earth. The coordinates are "1954 Beijing coordinates system" and show up ...
7k views

### What is the relationship between ITRF and WGS84?

Why are there people saying that "I am using WGS84(ITRF96)"? There are newer version of ITRF. Will WGS84 follow it? If so, what will be the influence to us?
3k views

### Distances in {Plate Carrée projection - EPSG:4326 - WGS84}

So, "4326 is just the EPSG identifier of WGS84" [3], indeed http://spatialreference.org/ref/epsg/4326/html/ says it is a GEOGraphic Coordinate System: GEOGCS["WGS 84", DATUM["WGS_1984", ...
601 views

### Project twitter geo data into WGS84 map

I'm currently working on displaying twitter geo data (currently just long/lat -> cartesian without any analysis). This is the world map (source: naturalearthdata): http://dl.dropbox.com/u/14747311/...
265 views

### GeoJSON shape distorted on Leaflet.js spherical mercator WMS map [closed]

I have a map with a simple WMS layer in spherical mercator projection (rendered by a OSM-Mapnik-TileCache server stack, everything is in EPSG:900913 / EPSG:3857). First: I can't understand why, if ...
5k views

### Trying to convert coordinates from WGS84 Web Mercator Auxiliary Sphere to WGS84

I've been struggling with this for way too long now. I've got some data that was georeferenced in the WGS84 Web Mercator Auxiliary Sphere that should have been done just in WGS84. The Auxiliary ...
1k views

### Bearing/Course/Heading in WGS84 ellipsoid model

There is a common formula for computing the initial bearing for a course from lat1, lon1 to lat2, lon2. (And yes, I'm aware that the course will change when traveling). atan2( sin(lon2-lon1) * cos(...