83
votes
30answers
34k views

How to Start Web Mapping?

I want to start working on a web map at work to map some of our statistics by city. I have an idea, but I'm not exactly sure where to start. Are there any definitive resources that provide step ...
36
votes
3answers
41k views

Layers with same coordinate system should align/overlap but do not?

I put 4 different layers into my ArcMap document, but only one of them will show up on the map! I should be seeing the other 3 layers as well. When I do a Zoom to layer, I can see one layer, but I ...
100
votes
5answers
16k views

How do I access ArcObjects from Python?

I would like to be able to script some things that are not exposed via arcgisscripting or ArcPy. How do I access ArcObjects from Python?
92
votes
4answers
66k views

File Geodatabase (*.gdb) support in QGIS?

Following questions: Open Source Tool capable of reading Esri File Geodatabase (.gdb)? How to access file geodatabase in Qgis? How to get FGDB support in GDAL 1.9 without compiling? I have spent ...
190
votes
5answers
148k views

How to measure the accuracy of latitude and longitude?

I am very new to GPS stuff. Suppose I have latitude and longitude as 19.0649070739746 and 73.1308670043945 respectively. In this case both coordinates are 13 decimal places long, but sometimes I also ...
48
votes
11answers
22k views

Identifying Coordinate System of Shapefile when Unknown?

I have a Shapefile but its coordinate system is Unknown, and there is no *.prj file. How I can identify it now? Are there any tools that could help?
13
votes
6answers
13k views

Why do OpenLayers plugin layers appear shifted in QGIS print composer?

I'm having trouble with the OpenLayers Plugin of Qgis and the map composer: If I create an OSM-background layer and if I want to export this, the OSM-Layer looks perfectly all right in the normal ...
28
votes
1answer
3k views

Coordinate system for calculating areas of polygons accurately?

I have multiple polygons, all located offshore around the UK. I am trying to calculate the areas of these polygons in square kilometres, without splitting them by UTM zone. Is it possible to do this ...
173
votes
11answers
61k views
22
votes
7answers
38k views

Calculating Latitude/Longitude X miles from point?

I am wanting to find a latitude and longitude point given a bearing, a distance, and a starting latitude and longitude. This appears to be the opposite of this question (Distance between lat/long ...
32
votes
13answers
14k views

Different approaches for map matching : links / ideas?

I'm using Open Street Map and its vectorial road network and I'd like to implement a map matcher algorithm. Currently I'm able, for each GPS position, to retrieve the nearest road segment and ...
14
votes
3answers
12k views

Including variable in where clause of arcpy.Select_analysis()?

I am trying to loop through a shapefile, selecting each feature in turn and copying it to a temporary shapefile to by included in a union analysis. I'm using a cursor to find the ID name for each ...
37
votes
8answers
19k views

What are some resources for learning ArcPy?

I would like to learn ArcPy, but I do not know quite where to begin. Does anyone have any good advice on where I should start to learn ArcPy?
54
votes
19answers
13k views

Where to find QGIS tutorials and web resources?

I wish to familiarize myself with the capabilities of QGIS. I have downloaded the program, but apart from basic loading of data, I am lost (even after reading the help file). Can you recommend me ...
63
votes
13answers
50k views

Installing GDAL with Python on windows?

Can anyone explain how to install GDAL/OGR with Python on Windows? I have Windows Vista and I have tried following the information on the website and it does not seem to bind the exe files for me. ...
8
votes
4answers
4k views

More Efficient Spatial join in Python without QGIS, ArcGIS, PostGIS, etc

I'm attempting to do a spatial join much like the example here: Is there a python option to "join attributes by location"?. However, that approach seems really inefficient / slow. Even ...
89
votes
13answers
28k views

What are Definition, Algorithms and Practical Solutions for Concave Hull?

Convex Hull A convex hull of a shape is defined as: In mathematics, the convex hull or convex envelope for a set of points X in a real vector space V is the minimal convex set containing X (...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Determining bare earth from unclassified LAS file?

I have data in LAS format with RGB values created from Aerial photogrammetry using a UAV. I am trying to find a solution to extract the bare earth to create my DTM from the DSM. I have tried SAGA, ...
184
votes
50answers
65k views

What Makes a Map Beautiful? [closed]

Oftentimes when we make maps it is based on our subjective interpretation of what is aesthetically pleasing. I would like it if people posted examples of beautiful maps, displaying any phenomena in ...
55
votes
3answers
76k views

Algorithm for offsetting a latitude/longitude by some amount of meters

I'm looking for an algorithm which when given a latitude and longitude pair and a vector translation in meters in Cartesian coordinates (x,y) would give me a new coordinate. Sort of like a reverse ...
29
votes
5answers
43k views

Get list of coordinates for points in a layer?

I've got a layer in QGIS that is comprised of points. Its attribute table doesn't have (show) the corresponding x and y coordinates for each point. Is there a way for me to extract a list of ...
26
votes
6answers
13k views

Shapefile PRJ to PostGIS SRID lookup table?

I was wondering if there is such a thing as an shapefile PRJ to PostGIS SRID lookup table? Something that can translate the most standard shapefile PRJ definitions into the likely SRID. When using ...
12
votes
4answers
8k views

Using SRTM Global DEM for Slope calculation?

I have downloaded SRTM GDEM (~90 km resolution). I am using ArcGIS 10. I have tried to use spatial analyst to compute for slope. However, I can not compute for the slope. The output values has ...
35
votes
4answers
5k views

Performance of ArcGISScripting and large spatial data sets

I am currently writing a python script using the arcgisscripting module to process a reasonably large data set (~10,000 records in total) normalised over a small number of tables, 8 in total. The ...
17
votes
11answers
26k views

Exporting feature class into multiple feature classes based on field values using ArcGIS for Desktop?

I have a feature class with over 2,000 features, and I need to make them all individual feature classes based on a field. I know there has to be a way to do this, but I just can't figure it out! ...
77
votes
3answers
62k views

EPSG 3857 or 4326 for GoogleMaps, OpenStreetMap and Leaflet

The discussion at What is the difference between WGS84 and EPSG4326? shows that 4326 is just the EPSG identifier of WGS84.. Wikipedia entries for Google Maps and OpenStreetMap shows that they both ...
45
votes
6answers
15k views

Why is the 'straight line' path across continent so curved?

This is the result of mapping the straight line path from a point in US to Poland using Distance Measurement Tool. Also, planes from Asia to US would travel almost over North Pole. Why is the path ...
26
votes
1answer
3k views

How to create an accurate Tissot Indicatrix?

A Tissot Indicatrix is useful method for communicating at a glance the kinds of distortion a given projection is prone to (in the figure below, each of the red circles occupies the same area). I've ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

Cannot run standalone QGIS script

I've been trying, along with this post, to run a script in OSGeo4w Shell, outside of QGIS. But I get the following error: ImportError: No module named qgis.core I have also read the following ...
25
votes
1answer
8k views

How to define new custom projections in QGIS?

I'm trying to define a projection in QGIS. I want to add North America Albers Equal Area Conic. From the spatialreference site I copied the proj4 line: +proj=aea +lat_1=20 +lat_2=60 +lat_0=40 +lon_0=-...
6
votes
1answer
4k views

Problem with import qgis.core when writing a stand-alone PyQGIS script

I am trying to write a stand alone python script in windows 7 that uses qgis.core and various other qgis libraries. I have found an old question on this subject here: How to write standalone Python ...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

QGIS display world country shape files centered on pacific ocean using Robinson, Miller Cylindrical or other projection

I wish to display a map in QGIS (world country shapefiles) showing all countries but centered on the Pacific area. I am not familiar with Proj4, so is there any way this can be done in QGIS please?
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Assign point IDs to respective start and end attributes of a polyline

I have two shapefiles, Point and Polyline. I'm trying to populate my polyline layer with the point data ID (systemID) where the lines start to where they end; eg. create two columns (from and to). The ...
9
votes
4answers
8k views

How to fix QGIS error “Entry Point could not be located”?

Today, after returning from vacations, I started my QGIS 1.7 and got this terrible message: Help, anyone?
65
votes
5answers
34k views

How to build effective heat-maps?

Using ArcGIS, QuantumGIS, Grass, and/or GVSIG What are some of the tools and processes involved in building effective heat maps? What are the plugins involved? What are the major data requirements? ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

Using customized Coordinate System for Archaeological site data

I don't know so much about coordinate systems... In my office we use to deal with spatial data coming from archaeological sites. Each site has its own x-y-z coordinate system (GCS). Three simple ...
16
votes
8answers
12k views

How to georeference a vector layer with control points?

I have a non-georeferenced vector layer that I need to be georeferenced. With raster layers the task is easy and straightforward, but I have no idea what should I do with my vector layer. I have a few ...
18
votes
3answers
30k views

Converting ArcGIS layer style to Styled Layer Descriptor (SLD) file?

I am putting together a GIS server using GeoServer and need some help with importing my layer styles from ArcGIS 10 to SLD format. I have one layer in ArcMap properly symbolized and labeled, how ...
39
votes
2answers
5k views

How accurate is approximating the Earth as a sphere?

What level of error do I encounter when approximating the earth as a sphere? Specifically, when dealing with the location of points and, for example, the great circle distances between them. Are ...
138
votes
18answers
59k views

How do various JavaScript mapping libraries compare?

I am working on a web-based mapping system and I'm trying to figure out the best/most appropriate library to use. There are a few of them about and they each have pros and cons. Even after trying a ...
31
votes
3answers
22k views

Why is law of cosines more preferable than haversine when calculating distance between two latitude-longitude points?

In fact, when Sinnott published the haversine formula, computational precision was limited. Nowadays, JavaScript (and most modern computers & languages) use IEEE 754 64-bit floating-...
24
votes
1answer
14k views

Trilateration algorithm for n amount of points

I need to find algorithm that can calculate centroid A (aka gravity center, geometric center, center of mass) from the figure where circles T1,T2,T3,T4,T5,..,Tn intersect AND length of line R from ...
34
votes
9answers
25k views

Sources for US Zip Code Boundaries?

I was just wondering what the most up-to-date source for US Zip Code boundaries would be. My first thought was TIGER, whenever that comes out, but then I thought that the Postal Service might be a ...
27
votes
4answers
5k views

Bulk load multiple shapefiles into PostGIS

I've got over a hundred data layers in shapefile format that I want to upload into a PostGIS database. They are all in the same projection, but represent different data layers so they do not have the ...
32
votes
9answers
33k views

Removing small spaces (slivers) between polygons?

I have a set of polygons representing administrative districts. The districts were digitized by hand, and there are small spaces (slivers) between polygons where the polygons should be touching. How ...
28
votes
5answers
20k views

What is difference between map layer and spatial dataset (e.g. feature class, shapefile)?

What is the difference between feature class and feature layer? To me they seems very similar in concept.
15
votes
4answers
8k views

How to create equidistant points in QGIS?

I am trying to create points (new layer) at specific distance along the road (existing layer) in QGIS. This gives solution for ArcGIS. How to achieve this in QGIS? This one explains how to create ...
7
votes
4answers
5k views

Dissolve ploygons in QGIS or Grass to new polygons of defined population sizes

I have a shapefile with 3800 polygons representing the smallest administrative areas in Ireland. Many of these, in rural areas, have tiny populations, under 100 people. In urban areas, all would have ...
7
votes
2answers
19k views

How to calculate polygon areas and perimeters using QGIS?

Using QGIS, if I load a polygon layer and make a new column, how do I fill that column with the: area of each polygon and another column with length of the perimeter of each polygon?
76
votes
25answers
6k views

What books, journals, and electronic resources are most valuable for expanding knowledge of GIS? [closed]

What books, journals, and/or electronic resources have you found most valuable for expanding your knowledge in the GI field? To which of them you come back most often? One item per post please, and ...

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