New answers tagged census
I have previously downloaded the data from this site which is run by the people behind MapInfo. It currently only has England and Wales, but hopefully that still save you a bit of time if you want the entire UK. You should then be able to join your data table to this spatial dataset using Output Area code.
Refer to the Data Dictionary for how to use the Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics dataset. The Workforce Area Characeristics (WAC) data files can tell you about information from the location of the employer's Census Block location. You might be able to get industry information from there. Using the Residence Area Characteristics (RAC) data files, ...
Some of the data you are seeking isn't released at the block level in order to protect privacy - it is only available aggregated to the block group level or higher. See the question How does a newbie get household income data based on address to the block level?
The source data is available at http://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/tiger-line.html. Note that the 2000 series tab provides data in the old ASCII format, but you can get the Census tracts by US state for 2000 in shapefile format from a page off the 2010 tab. Other than that, I can only suggest contacting ESRI.
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