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13

I think the literal answer to your question is "not really" (aside from things like blue=water or blue/red=Dem/Rep). It depends on how/what other data is displayed on a map and the map's purpose whether, for example, county boundaries are a light color or dark color. There are plenty of places where color choice is discussed. Some examples of books (I'm ...


11

For thematic maps, the handy Colorbrewer has an ArcGIS plug-in, ColorTool The built-in styles also contain lots of professionally selected color palettes and ramps that you could repurpose for other needs. To look at the styles without having to dink around in ArcMap, you can view them in PDF form


10

You can change the styles of the shape file in the layer properties. Double click the layer and select style. Select Categorized style and choose a field you want to visualize. Remember to classify your values before leaving the dialog.


9

In GRASS shell type: > r.colors map=elevation color=rules > 0 white > [your maximum elevation value] blue > end


8

I usually come at this question from the angle of "what is going to enhance, and not obscure, my data?". Tufte talks about the some of the uses of colours in maps: to label, to measure, to represent, and to enliven. Choosing DEM colours is usually mostly for the latter (enlivening) - to make them look nice. For example, the default 'atlas coloring' of many ...


7

You can have a different approach for that problem. 1)from line width: line width units=map units. 2)map scale rules: close maps=thick lines, far maps=thin lines. In QGIS you can do both.


7

Yes, it can. Phong shading is a sum of ambient, diffuse, and (specularly) reflected light. The ambient portion is represented by the usual map of the DEM. The diffuse portion is computed with a hillshade. A "hillshaded DEM" is a weighted sum of ambient and diffuse reflections. The formula for the reflected part of the image can be computed in terms of ...


7

You can download the ColorBrewer styles for use in ArcMap through the ArcScripts site


6

If you only need color scheme of ColorBrewer, http://arcscripts.esri.com/details.asp?dbid=14403 is a workaround while waiting for new update of ColorTool.


6

Expanding on one of themes in Simbamangu's very good answer: the basic problem with elevation shading using any colours at all other than neutral greys is the inescapable tendency for us to interpret meaning from the colours. For example a common rendering technique is to use deep greens for the valley bottoms, progressively lighten as one travels upslope, ...


6

The best plugin to use to do colour ramps on rasters is the 1-band raster color table v1.10 plugin. Found in the plugin installer under the same name.


6

This seems to work for me on a -1.0 - 1.0 NDVI raster Double click on the raster layer in QGIS table of contents/layer list Click "Style" tab (1st tab on the left) Select "Render as" -> "single band gray" and "Single band properties" -> "Color map" -> "Colormap" Click "Colormap" tab (2nd tab from the left) Click "Add entry" and add the following entries: ...


6

If your data consists of points and you would like to create a heatmap, QGIS has a handy heatmap plugin. There is a great tutorial on creating heatmaps from point data here. Often it is useful to display categorical data in your maps. In this case, I would recommend using the integrated QGIS ColorBrewer located in the style manager. There is a great ...


6

As @Baltok alluded to, you are trying to have the Selection on a particular layer be treated in the same way as other layers are, with respect to drawing order. I think that by default, and design, ArcGIS makes the Selection override the symbology of anything that is underneath it, as a means of making it easy to find the selection. Since you are selecting ...


6

Ok I think from your question that what you need to do is create a style which can be applied to the same data set for the same colour ramp. Assuming this is what you have meant. For example, take rock classification from the British Geological Society. Once you have classified each rock type into a relevant colour. Open the layer properties by clicking ...


5

My favorite effect for readability/aesthetics is a "gradient fill". If you are using ArcGIS software, this effect is fairly simple to implement... Here is a good blog post from ESRI's team at the Mapping Center: Quick tint bands


5

This is relative; best colours for associative data. I say this because, when I was doing geography in high school, it was quite the taboo to draw anything other than water on the map as blue. Often losing marks when we did, even getting close to purple was avoided. When I went to college, major highways were colored blue, in fact, a trademark blue; Nova ...


5

According to Corine Land Cover Legend, "industrial" is purple. This convention relies solely on solid colors, no hatchings or similar.


5

I recently came across some of the work of Sidonie Christophe that has particular bearing to this subject. While in the particular paper I'm referencing (Christophe, 2011) she proposes a more general set of cartographic rules governing the choice of color for objects, the rules she proposes are so intuitive that I suspect they are in general implemented in ...


5

So, I use swiss hillshade for most of the maps I use (here's a screenshot from California's Central Sierra) and tend to use a red/beige-grey theme that loosely follows the philosophy that Simbamangu described of not being too in your face (ie, it's not super colorful and in some spots is even a little drab, but the information is conveyed and I can layer ...


5

You can create Halo Text as as current workaround This Guide runs through labeling in QGIS http://mapeoamano.org/en/manuals/how-to-prepare-a-high-resolution-large-format-map-using-qgis


5

Geoserver layers have associated styles. These styles are written in Styled Layer Descriptor (SLD), a subset of XML. To change your styles, you'll have to edit the SLD. In Geoserver, the SLD can be edited using the Style Editor in the Styles Page. Pretty ain't it? Fortunately, you don't have to edit the Styles by hand. A workaround is to use a GIS ...


5

It's possible but not dynamic. I export labels to annotaions, buffer the annotations a little bit then use the resulting polygon feature class to mask the contour lines. Turn visibility of the buffer features class off and the line below the annotation will be masked so it doesn't matter what the background is. (example below) Other solutions that I've ...


4

I've stumbled over the following site http://www.planning.org/lbcs/standards/ (Land Based Classification Standards) Theres a PDF and a spreadsheet that define certain colours to certain types, But I agree with everyone here in saying it really depends on what your showing.


4

Here is Nice information about it. http://gis-techniques.blogspot.com/2011/03/how-to-get-color-brewer-ramp-in-arcmap.html


4

If I'm understanding your goals correctly, here's how I would approach the problem. Storytelling by screenshots: 1) Go to the properties > Symbology tab for your layer. 2a) In the left-most props window, I chose a color ramp. Notice I inverted it. 2b) Next, I right-click the ramp and select Properties. 3) In the middle properties window, select the ramp ...


4

First off, let me say how much I appreciate this question. I have seen so many example of inappropriate colour palettes applied to digital elevation models that it's good to see that people are thinking about this. There are some really good answers here too, but here is my opinion. I doubt that there is a universally good palette but rather a group of ...


4

Hum, OpenLayers OCM Landscape layers don't use any sort of elevation colour ramp as far as I can see. If you wanted to achieve the OCM effect I think you would do this by making a hillshade layer and then overlaying this with a vector polygon having the same extents as the hillshade layer. Then set the fill of the polygon to a light blue-grey and play with ...


4

My first guess is that -3.40282e+38 is the Null value and that your colleague's system correctly recognized and handled that but it doesn't work on your system. Try specifying the null value or just create a colormap that makes sense.


4

QGIS does not store the style in the layer data itself because it handles different formats so that would be hard. Styles are stored in the project file or in a qml file. To export the QML file. Open the Layer Properties and select the Save Properties button. Tip: If you name the qml file the same as the vector file it will auto style when you open it. ...



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