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As stated in GIS-Jonathan's answer this can be accomplished by setting the file permissions to Read-only. In windows 7 you can accomplish this by navigating to the file in windows explorer, right clicking the file with the .shp extension and clicking 'properties'. There should be two checkboxes near the bottom of the properties window that say 'Read-only' ...
Add the spatial adjustment toolbar. Then open an edit session, create some links from the vertices of 4 of the polygons to the points, select affine transform and run the adjustment.
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