About

A GIS operation for converting street addresses into spatial data that can be displayed as features on a map, usually by referencing address information from a street segment data layer.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geocoding

CartoDB users may be surprised to see what they call georeferencing referred to as geocoding on this site. This is because the large majority of the GIS community use georeferencing in a quite different sense and refer to what CartoDB calls georeferencing as geocoding. There has been a Meta discussion which led to the creation of as a synonym for to address this terminology: Tags with multiple definitions and conflicting use considering site convention

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