Use this tag for questions above data from the Geonames.org website. This is a comprehensive open (creative commons license) global database of geospatial features such as cities.
Quote from the About page:
The GeoNames geographical database is available for download free of charge under a creative commons attribution license. It contains over 10 million geographical names and consists of over 9 million unique features whereof 2.8 million populated places and 5.5 million alternate names. All features are categorized into one out of nine feature classes and further subcategorized into one out of 645 feature codes. (more statistics ...). The data is accessible free of charge through a number of webservices and a daily database export. GeoNames is already serving up to over 150 million web service requests per day.
GeoNames is integrating geographical data such as names of places in various languages, elevation, population and others from various sources. All lat/long coordinates are in WGS84 (World Geodetic System 1984). Users may manually edit, correct and add new names using a user friendly wiki interface. GeoNames has Ambassadors in many countries who assist with their help and expertise. Meet the GeoNames Team.