I can't get an installation free version of GDAL/OGR to work from within ArcMap 10.0. I get an
ImportError: DLL load failed on
_mod = imp.load_module('_gdal', fp, pathname, description).
Below, more details on the context and a procedure on how to reproduce the error.
Someone in the comments specified that arcpy and GDAL work fine together on his machine. What could be the differences between our configurations (software installed, environment variables, ...)?
Description of my issue
What I am trying to do...
I want to deploy an ArcMap 10.0 ToolBox with scripts that use external libraries. I would like to avoid having any manipulation done on the user side: ideally, no additional installation/manipulation should be required for the user. For that reason, I embed the libraries files inside the ToolBox.
What my problem is...
When I try to use gdal/ogr from osgeo along with arcpy, I get the following error:
Traceback (most recent call last): File "path_to_script\debugDepl.py", line 32, in <module> from osgeo import ogr File "path_to_script\osgeo\__init__.py", line 30, in <module> _gdal = swig_import_helper() File "path_to_script\osgeo\__init__.py", line 26, in swig_import_helper _mod = imp.load_module('_gdal', fp, pathname, description) ImportError: DLL load failed: The specified procedure could not be found.
There are some binding errors that I don't understand. It seems that there is a conflict between arcpy and gdal/ogr (more information below)
- GDAL bindings problem with ArcMap 10.1 Python tool
- gdal ImportError in python on Windows
- Conflict arcpy (Arc 10) and gdal?
- Running GDAL and arcpy together
- How to run OGR in ArcGIS Scripts?
How to reproduce the error
If you can help me achieve want I want, it might be useful if I explain every step that lead to this error. I tried to detail as much as I could so that you could reproduce it.
1/ On a Windows 7 64bits machine, Install ArcGIS Desktop 10.0 (32 bits)
3/ Install that library with your Python installation
4/ Move the associated library files (
path_to_python_install\Python26\ArcGIS10.0\Lib\site-packages) to another new folder (osgeo folder + several Python files)
5/ Create a Python script in that folder and edit it in your favorite Python editor and check that you can import gdal/ogr
from osgeo import gdal from osgeo import ogr
6/ Try importing arcpy from the script before and after importing gdal/ogr
from osgeo import ogr from osgeo import gdal import arcpy
That should work, now try the other way around
import arcpy # Maybe some environment variable settings from osgeo import ogr from osgeo import gdal
And that version should create the error.
7/ Create a toolbox (or call the script from within ArcMap) with the version that worked standalone. And try to run it within ArcMap (should fail).
Notes on the steps
1/ I've found some official Python bindings but only for ArcMap 10.1
2/ This distribution includes a complete GDAL installation. It is a 32bit version for my 32bit version of Python26.
4/ As specified in these recommendations for scripts deployment, I should copy the library files directly. I want to avoid the user to have to install things as much as possible
5/ This may (or may not) require some environment variable settings:
import os environList = os.environ['PATH'].split(';') environList.insert(0, r'path_to_folder\osgeo') os.environ['PATH'] = ';'.join(environList) os.environ['GDAL_DATA'] = r'path_to_folder\osgeo\data\gdal'
GDAL Documentation specifies that we should:
- Add the installation directory bin folder to your system PATH, remember to put a semicolon in front of it before you add to the existing path.
- Create a new user or system variable with the data folder from your installation.
Developers on this blog page seemed to have that error when the environment variables were incorrect.
6/ It seems that for some reason if you import arcpy first and ogr/gdal second, gdal is no longer able to find the dll's that it requires. This could have been due to some environment variable settings but the modification I proposed at step 5) didn’t change anything.
7/ But then my guess is that arcpy is automatically imported (first) so we’re back to the 2nd version of 6)
Some more information about my attempt to understand what is going on
>>> from osgeo import gdal >>> gdal.__file__ 'C:\\Python26\\ArcGIS10.0\\lib\\site-packages\\osgeo\\gdal.pyc' >>> import arcpy >>> arcpy.__file__ 'C:\\Program Files (x86)\\ArcGIS\\Desktop10.0\\arcpy\\arcpy\\__init__.pyc'
Alright, the library files were found where they are supposed to be. But then…
>>> import arcpy >>> from osgeo import gdal Traceback (most recent call last): File "<interactive input>", line 1, in <module> File "C:\Python26\ArcGIS10.0\lib\site-packages\osgeo\__init__.py", line 29, in <module> _gdal = swig_import_helper() File "C:\Python26\ArcGIS10.0\lib\site-packages\osgeo\__init__.py", line 25, in swig_import_helper _mod = imp.load_module('_gdal', fp, pathname, description) ImportError: DLL load failed: The specified procedure could not be found.
Maybe something happened to the environment variables or to the python path when importing Arcpy? Well, it doesn't seem like it...
>>> import os >>> import sys >>> envBefore = os.environ >>> pyPathBefore = sys.path >>> import arcpy >>> envAfter = os.environ >>> pyPathAfter = sys.path >>> envBefore == envAfter True >>> pyPathBefore == pyPathAfter True