I'm new here and beginner with python. I'm looking for a solution to my problem for some hours but now you are my last chance... I'm using the python (2.7.5) console in QGIS (2.4.0). Is there a solution to do loops on raster cells? I would like to create a raster in which each value cell will depend on the position (column and row number) in the raster.

I'm looking for something like this python code in Arcgis (I found it here: How to get X Y coordinates and cell value of each pixel in a raster using Python?)

for row in range(0,height):
     for col in range(0,width):
        #now you have access to single array of values for one cell location


1 Answer 1


Arcpy use the Numpy array format (hidden to the users) as PyGGIS that uses the Python GDAL module.

 provider = raster.dataProvider()
 # path the original file 
 filePath = str(provider.dataSourceUri())
 # open the original file
 from osgeo import gdal 
 raster_or = gdal.Open(filePath)
 # create a numpy array
 numpy_array = raster_or.ReadAsArray()
 # shape of the array
 print numpy_array.shape
 (60, 100) # my example
 # compare with
 print raster.height(),raster.width()
(60, 100)
 width,height = numpy_array.shape # or width = raster.width and height = raster.height()
 # and 
 for row in range(0,width):
     for col in range(0,height):
         print row,col,numpy_array[row,col]

Reading the entire image at once is pretty efficient, but not the best. The most efficient way to access raster data is by blocks (look at Chris Garrard courses Reading Raster Data with GDAL)

  • you're not really explaining what the variable dataSet is. What is its type?
    – user32882
    Sep 15, 2018 at 12:51
  • 1
    Sorry, it is a mistake, corrected
    – gene
    Sep 17, 2018 at 16:20

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