I am working on a google map application, to display the items that are listed in the selected rectangular area. Below image give you some understanding.

Based on the co-ordinates (topLeft,bottomRight), i am running bounding box query to find the items in mongo db. But it always returns the this error when running the box queries

 Error: $box needs 2 fields (bottomLeft,topRight)

I know that i have passed topLeft,bottomRight points instead the mongo expected one (bottomLeft,topRight).

How do I calculate the bottomLeft,topRight values based on the co-ordinates from Google Maps?

This is the actual value i got trouble with

bound_box = [[80.22050443383796, 13.051049734963444], [80.2393871853028, 13.043106313697518]]]

and ruby code for finding bounding box values in mongo db

items = Item.where(:loc => {"$within" => {"$box" => [bound_box]}},
                              :category => BSON::ObjectId(cat), :sub_category => BSON::ObjectId(sub)).order_by(:created_at => :desc).skip(@current_page * 5).limit(5).paginate

this is the line giving problem

items = Item.where(:loc => {"$within" => {"$box" => [bound_box]}})

which is similar to the mongodb query

 db.items.find({"loc" : {"$within" : {"$box" : bound_box}}})

enter image description here

1 Answer 1


If your coordinates are y,x formatted, and you have :

  • topLeft : 42,10
  • bottomRight : 31,21

then, to calculate bottomLeft, you get the y from bottomRight and get the x from topLeft

and to calculate topRight, , you get the y from topLeft and get the x from bottomRight :

  • bottomLeft : 31,10
  • topRight : 42,21

In case it is not clear enough, just take a pen and a piece of paper and draw it!

  • yeah, thats what i did first after the problem, but the problem still persists with the new values too. so i got totally confused and asked whether there is any other way to do it.. :(
    – RameshVel
    Commented Jun 13, 2011 at 14:52
  • could it be a cache problem? or the problem is somewhere. Is your code online?
    – simo
    Commented Jun 13, 2011 at 14:53
  • i have updated th question with more info, check out
    – RameshVel
    Commented Jun 13, 2011 at 15:05
  • 2
    Just an idea. Are you sure mongodb is not expecting latitude first, then longitude. Like that : bound_box = [[13.051049734963444, 80.22050443383796], [13.043106313697518, 80.2393871853028]]]
    – simo
    Commented Jun 13, 2011 at 15:18
  • mongo expects longtitude first.. so it wont work.. Finally after hours of digging i found its a problem in ruby driver not in the new calculated bottomLeft, and topRight values.. it works fine now...
    – RameshVel
    Commented Jun 14, 2011 at 3:55

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