I have a set of coordinate points. The points are distributed in such a way that some points are clustered around a specific area. There is an option to find out mean coordinates(s) of the whole point layer. I would like to know if there is any way in QGIS to find out the mean coordinates of the points from a specific area from a point layer.
You need to do this in a two-stage process using the
Vector->Analysis Tools->Mean Coordinates tool in the second step. This tool will return the mean coordinates for sets of point within a layer if they have a unique ID field. So, if you have a polygon layer which defines your areas, do a spatial join (
Vector->Data Management->Join attributes by location) to attribute your points with the polygon (area) id and then use the Mean coordinates tool, specifying the new field.
You may already have unique IDs or a polygon layer but if you do not you could create a fishnet (
Vector->Research Tools->Vector Grid) to lay over the points as one method to define the areas. Alternatively, if your areas are defined by a raster layer, then you could use the
Point sampling plugin to attribute the points based on your raster. Or, if you want to attribute them by location without a vector or raster layer, you will need to create an algorithm to give a new attribute based on the coordinates of each point (possibly using some modulus-based approach).