I'm using the New Zealand Topo50 maps for my basemaps from an ArcGIS map server at http://services.arcgisonline.co.nz/ArcGIS/rest/services/LINZ/geotiffs/MapServer. However, this service has a spatial reference of EPSG:2193 and the tiles are being projected over Europe instead of New Zealand.

I've noticed that vector feature layers, e.g. FeatureLayer and ArcGISDynamicMapServiceLayer, automatically add an output spatial reference to the request so that the returned features are in EPSG:3857 (Web Mercator). Raster layers don't seem to work the same though.

What can I do to have the basemap projected correctly?

My code:

var map = new Map("map", {
  basemap: "topo"

var topo50Layer = new ArcGISDynamicMapServiceLayer(

  • As usual, discovered the answer five minutes after posting this question, having spent three hours trying to figure it out. Please see my answer below. – tristanm Oct 21 '14 at 9:38

There is an option to specify the SpatialReference when creating the map using the extent option. The dynamic map service layer should automatically project onto the map's spatial reference. It would look something like this

var map = new Map("map", {
  extent: new Extent({
    xmin: <xmin value>,
    ymin: <ymin value>,
    xmax: <xmax value>,
    ymax: <ymax value>,
    spatialReference:{ wkid: 2193 }

A working sample of this is provided on the documentation page. For more information on how to create an Extent, take a look at the API documentation for extent.

  • @tristanm Oops didn't see that you'd posted the answer to your own question. I hope this helps someone else having a similar question but who doesn't have access to map documents on the server and wants to perform this operation on the client side using JavaScript only. – ImmenselyHappy Oct 21 '14 at 11:12
  • Thanks @ashima that's a great answer too for a lot of cases. – tristanm Oct 21 '14 at 18:39
  • Manually setting the map's initial extent to 2193 doesn't work, possibly due to a bug ("Map: Geometry (wkid: 2193) cannot be converted to spatial reference of the map (wkid: 102100) init.js:1256"). Other WKIDs do work, though. – tristanm Oct 22 '14 at 5:20
  • this is not a bug, both individual coordinate tags like "xmin" and "xmax" along with "wkid" need to be wrapped in quotes to make them valid JSON objects. – John Gravois Oct 23 '14 at 18:00

ArcGISTiledMapServiceLayer is only useful when the service is in the same spatial reference as the map. This is because it uses the Map Tile resources of the REST API which cannot request re-projected images.

ArcGISDynamicMapServiceLayer uses the Export Map operation which does have the capability to re-project images, although this will be slower.

Changing to ArcGISDynamicMapServiceLayer will request the images in the map's spatial reference.

  • this is not totally correct. ArcGISTiledMapServiceLayer is useful to use with non-mercator map services in applications that leverage the same projection. jsfiddle.net/mca5xqdw – John Gravois Oct 23 '14 at 18:01
  • You are absolutely correct, @JohnGravois. I've edited my answer to be more general. – tristanm Oct 23 '14 at 19:51
  • tristanm++ :) . – John Gravois Oct 24 '14 at 20:55

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