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I have a set of pedestrian streets for a city. I would like to assign all of the streets that can be reached to one another along a continuous network to a unique group. I am wondering if there’s an off the shelf method (QGIS, ArcGIS, PgRouting) that can do this.

I have an image of roughly what I would like to accomplish. Basically, I have a set of roads on an “island” that are broken up barriers that make walking impossible (Interstates, Rivers, etc.). I want the continuous part of each network to be assigned to its own group. For reference, I am trying to create "T-Communities" described in Grannis, Rick. "T‐Communities: Pedestrian Street Networks and Residential Segregation in Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York." City & Community 4.3 (2005): 295-321.

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You are looking for what is called the "strongly connected components" in graph theory jargon.

These network islands can be computed in QGIS with the grass plugin - See v.net.components.

  • Thank you for the response. This solution worked in places my network was completely closed but failed in instances where the roads were not closed (e.g. the image). I posted a simple workflow that ended up giving me the results I wanted. – mech Oct 22 '14 at 15:49
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I ended up using this workflow in Arc.:

  1. Buffer road lines by a trivial distance (e.g. 1 Foot)
  2. Select the “Dissolve All” options in Arc to merge all overlapping road buffers.
  3. Convert multi-part to single part.
  4. Convert feature to line.
  5. Collapse dual lines to center lines.

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