I have a DEM in GeoTiff format. The processing have made areas that have really low values that I would like to remove.

Are there any GDAL tools that could set all values below -30 to NODATA or -30.

  • I've seen this question before... I think the easiest way is in QGIS raster calculator. Commented Nov 6, 2014 at 0:14
  • It can be done in GDAL independent of QGIS using calc.py. Answer posted below. Commented Nov 6, 2014 at 14:36

1 Answer 1


Sure you can use the No Data value in gdal_translate

-a_nodata value:

Assign a specified nodata value to output bands. Starting with GDAL 1.8.0, can be set to none to avoid setting a nodata value to the output file if one exists for the source file.

or in gdal_cac.py use the less than (<) or greater than (>) or equals (=) commands.

For example, below will convert the values below 3 to 0 and above 3 to 1. You can use equals as well.

gdal_calc.py -A C:temp\raster.tif --outfile=result.tiff --calc="0*(A<3)" --calc="1*(A>3)"

so as written by Michael yours would be along the lines of

gdal_calc.py -A input.tif --outfile=result.tif --calc="A*(A>-30)" --NoDataValue=-30

Or a combination of above.

  • Can you use gdal_calc to set a constant for less than and then the original value in the raster for greater than? Commented Nov 6, 2014 at 0:15
  • 1
    The last example seems to do just that gdal.org/gdal_calc.html gdal_calc.py -A input.tif --outfile=result.tif --calc="A*(A>-30)" --NoDataValue=-30 thanks! I'll definitely be using that in the future. Commented Nov 6, 2014 at 0:42
  • Yes it does sir, it seems underused to me as I have posted a similar answer on this board a few times. Commented Nov 6, 2014 at 2:21
  • when i run the above code in my windows terminal, i get prompted to open it "gdal_cal.py" with a program...Where can i find some proper documentation on how to use gdal_cal.py.
    – J.A.Cado
    Commented Apr 16, 2018 at 4:34

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