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I have two shapefiles, one polygon one points. The points represent specific field sampling locations. The polygons represent land divisions. The land divisions have a unique 16 digit identifier. The plots have numbers unique to each polygon. Ie: polygon 0401010011190084 has plots 1-4. I need to create a field in the plots shapefile that will be populated with the polygon number in which it lies. Typing them in by hand sucks. I need to populate this field in order to get the plots to load correctly into a database. How can do this easily? The plots shapefile needs to remain as points only.

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    What software are you using? and if ArcGis what license level? – Michael Stimson Dec 17 '14 at 22:34
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    Please edit your question to provide the information requested above. – PolyGeo Dec 17 '14 at 22:42
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You can do a spatial join between the two layers. This joins the two layers based on a spatial rule you can define.
For ArcMap
For QGIS

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