I'm new to GeoServer andI want to buffer an area around a point. I'm using a DWithin WFS filter but not getting any results. Please tell me the correct format to use DWithin.

My GET request:


Result obtained:

no buffering is done.. all the points are obtained. What to do?

  • 2
    I don't think you can have two cql_filters try using an AND
    – Ian Turton
    Commented Jan 29, 2015 at 9:11
  • Good comment but main issue is that DWITHIN does not make sense at all. Use one filter at a time and combine them only after you know that each part is OK.
    – user30184
    Commented Jan 29, 2015 at 9:19
  • My problem was that latitude and longitude are in a different order for different libraries and tools. I had it backwards because the server provided the coordinates for a point in lon,lat and I was suppose to serve it back to the same server in reverse order. Also, WMS needed lon,lat whereas WFS needed lat,lon. Really frustrating...
    – ADJenks
    Commented Jun 9, 2021 at 1:09

1 Answer 1


Here is an example of the syntax for DWITHIN

http://demo.opengeo.org/geoserver/wfs?request=GetFeature&version=1.0.0&service=WFS&typename=topp:states&outputformat=json&cql_filter=DWITHIN(the_geom,Point(-88 38),0.1,kilometers)

Note that DWITHIN takes three parameters: reference geometry, distance, and distance unit. However, GeoServer does not really support units so that it could convert kilometers to degrees. In this example the topp:states is having degrees as units and degrees is also used for building the buffer even I wrote kilometers as units. Units does not really do anything but it is a compulsory parameter for the DWITHIN and degrees does not belong to the list of accepted units. I consider this as a bug in GeoServer.

Acceptable units are one of: "feet", "meters", "statute miles", "nautical miles", "kilometers".

  • how can we use multiple filters..? i tried using wfs filters but it results in index out of bound error...i don't know the cause of this error Commented Feb 8, 2015 at 17:04

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