I am currently attempting to use OSM Bright to quickly style some OSM data, so I can export tiles without spending hours writing Carto in TileMill.

This is my first time using osm2pgsql to import OSM (.pbf) data into PostgreSQL. It seems that I am running from one issue into the next (missing style file, no hstore, etc. ) and I have just hit a point where I am not sure how to progress anymore.

The following message keeps popping up:

Error: Connection to database failed: FATAL:  database "gis" does not exist

I have nowhere entered that I want to access a database called gis .

Executing the help command and looking at the docs I realize that:

 -d|--database The name of the PostgreSQL database to connect to (default: gis).

Which tells me that it is most likely looking for the default database, which I do not understand, as I have indicated to use my already-created database (ethiopia):

enter image description here

Here is the command I have entered:

F:\randomGISstuff\ethiopia>osm2pgsql -c -G -U postgres -S -hstore F:\randomGISstuff\ethiopia\default.style  -U postgres -d ethiopia ethiopia-latest.osm.pbf

If it is easier for you to look at a cmd screenshot, here it is:

enter image description here

The command that is featured on the OSM Bright page is definitely not sufficient in my case.


Because the solution is all hidden in comments, I will mention here what solved my issue:
1) Create a database and add the hstore to it:


2) make sure to set the password, not in the osm2pgsql statement, but before, like:

SET pgpassword=postgres

3) start osm2pgsql

4) Execute the following command:

 osm2pgsql -c -G -U postgres --hstore -S F:\randomGISstuff\ethiopia\default.style -d ethiopia F:\randomGISstuff\ethiopia\et hiopia-latest.osm.pbf
  • Think you need to have a database called 'gis' like here learnosm.org/en/osm-data/setting-up-postgresql
    – Mapperz
    Feb 17, 2015 at 19:50
  • I have been using that tutorial (until a certain point), but my general understanding is that the database does not have to be named gis. Also, where on that page do you see that? Maybe I missed it, but it looks like their database is called gisdb. Feb 17, 2015 at 19:53

4 Answers 4


There seems to be something wrong with the style file option. Try:

F:\randomGISstuff\ethiopia>osm2pgsql -c -G -U postgres --hstore -S F:\randomGISstuff\ethiopia\default.style  -U postgres -d ethiopia ethiopia-latest.osm.pbf

If the user needs to give a password, you might have to put it on the command line as well.

It might help to always give the full path to the pbf file.

  • My database does use a password. Where and how would I have to insert that? I have tried the -W command before, but it was not accepted. Feb 17, 2015 at 20:14
  • OK, so full path even though I cd'ed to the place where the .pbf is located? Feb 17, 2015 at 20:15
  • This would be my updated statement, with the full path to the OSM data: osm2pgsql -c -G -U postgres -hstore -S F:\randomGISstuff\ethiopia\default.style -U postgres -d ethiopia F:\randomGISstuff\ethiopia\et hiopia-latest.osm.pbf Feb 17, 2015 at 20:22
  • PS: I now keep getting osm2pgsql: illegal option -- t. I have no idea where this would be coming from. Feb 17, 2015 at 20:25
  • 1
    Thank you so much for your great help! I got it to work by first entering the password, thenstarting osm2pqsql and then executing the following: osm2pgsql -c -G -U postgres --hstore -S F:\randomGISstuff\ethiopia\default.style -d ethiopia F:\randomGISstuff\ethiopia\et hiopia-latest.osm.pbf Feb 18, 2015 at 8:53

in SQL Editor create db 'gis'

-- Database: gis


  WITH OWNER = postgres
       ENCODING = 'UTF8'
       TABLESPACE = pg_default
       LC_COLLATE = 'English_United States.1252'
       LC_CTYPE = 'English_United States.1252'

enter image description here

  • I have just created this new database, and executed the following command: osm2pgsql -c -G -U postgres -S F:\randomGISstuff\ethi opia\default.style -d gis ethiopia-latest.osm.pbf However, I am now again getting the hstore error message (which I have created after creating the DB). Where do I have to add the -hstore command? Feb 17, 2015 at 20:12
  • You forgot to add hstore extension. Run the querry 'Create extension hstrore;' to add it to your dbase.
    – nickves
    Feb 18, 2015 at 6:35

Your command line is messed up. Breaking it down,

  • You are specifying -U postgres twice. Although it shouldn't cause any errors, there's no reason to do it twice. Importing with the postgres user is also bad practice.

  • -S -hstore F:\randomGISstuff\ethiopia\default.style sets the style to be "-hstore, which isn't what you want unless you have a file named -hstore which contains your style. It then tells it to load the OSM data in F:\randomGISstuff\ethiopia\default.style, which is where the actual style probably is, not the data.

    Alternately, it might tell osm2pgsql to use the options -h, -s, -t, -o, -r, and -e.

If you fix your command line, it should work.


I encountered the same error. In my case, it seems to be an issue with older versions of osm2pgsql.

With an older version osm2pgsql SVN version 0.88.1 (64bit id space), I had to specify -d mydatabase explicitly even if it is a default database in PostgreSQL which works with psql. Otherwise, osm2pgsql assumes its own default database and reports the error about database "gis" does not exist.

In a newer version osm2pgsql version 0.96.0 (64 bit id space), osm2pgsql works fine for the default database without needing -d.

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