I am trying to create buffer (in meters) around point(long lat alt) which is in projection 4326 with below code. But it is not giving expected output.

SELECT ST_AsTEXT(ST_Buffer((ST_GeomFromText('POINT(78.385333 17.433293 0)', 4326)),63.763271854));

But if i convert point to geography it is giving correct result.

SELECT ST_AsTEXT(ST_Buffer((ST_GeomFromText('POINT(78.385333 17.433293 0)', 4326))::geography,63.763271854));

What this st_buffer doing with geography datatype. Without converting it to geography how can i do that? I am new to postgis.


The basis for the PostGIS geographic type is a sphere.

The basis for the PostGIS geometry type is a plane. (same link)

Thus, when you run ST_Buffer on a EPSG:4326 geometry, the output is given in degrees of lat/lon. On the other hand, when you do the same for EPSG:4326 geography, you get result in meters.

What you can do (besides using geography type) is projecting your data into the "better" CRS than EPSG:4326 (i.e. national grid system).

  • thanks for the reply. I am using google maps to collection these long, lats. I think it will give data in 4326 (by default). So you are saying with current projection we cannot use geometry to get required buffer in meters? – Dyapa Srikanth Mar 9 '15 at 13:42
  • No, with EPSG:4326 geometry you cannot. – Michal Zimmermann Mar 9 '15 at 13:56

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