I am using the Cost Distance tool in ArcMap 10.2 to find the how far it is to walk to the closest area of green space along the road network in a town.
I have a input raster of the location of the green spaces and a cost raster of the road network. For the cost raster a road suitable for pedestrians is given a cost of 1 and an unsuitable road is given a cost of 10.
The tool produces a sensible output as the costs increase with greater distance from green spaces, but I do not understand what the cost values correspond to. I assumed that as the cell size was 10 m an area 400 m from a green space would have a cumulative cost of 40 (400/10 = 40) this is not the case.
Is there a way of converting the cumulative cost result into a real world measure (i.e. distance) or is there another tool which would perform this analysis.
The picture shows the result of the Cost Distance tool, the green space is in green the roads in red with darker desk showing a higher cost. Cost values next to green space are 70 increasing to 5070.45 at a distance of about 500 m.