Maybe also have a look at my other answer as new more up-to-date tools have arisen since this one.
I've come to the code below which is unfortunately not fully functional.
This is based on the solution above and on theses others questions:
How to programmatically export a composition as image?
How can I read the settings for the QgsPaperItem from XML?
Saving Map Canvas as PNG with transparent background programmatically with QGIS?
My code is able to extract the .qpt from a .qgs file and sucessfully load a composer from template. It also print a composer to a .png file and display correctly labels and shapes stored in the composer.
However it fail to load all the elements related to the actual Map & Layers (label containing expression from layer are not drawn either). I think I missed a bit as to how the project must be loaded and linked to the composer.
Some people in the comment of the original article from Tim Sutton mentioned that they were stuck at the same stage under Windows ( it's my case). This is really frustrating because I feel like the answer is really really near. Dear Internet please help!
Also this is my first attempts at python so i hope you will be kind ;)
#This python code aim to programmatically export the first composer stored in a qgs file using PyQgis API v 2.10
#Version 0.4 (non functional) WTFPL MarHoff 2015 - This code is mostly a "frankenstein" stub made with a lot of other snippets. Feel welcome to improve!
#Credits to gis.stackexchange community : drnextgis,ndawson,patdevelop,dakcarto,ahoi, underdark & Tim Sutton from kartoza
#More informations and feedback can be found at https://gis.stackexchange.com/questions/144792/
#This script assume your environement is setup for PyGis as a stand-alone script. Some nice hints for windows users : https://gis.stackexchange.com/a/130102/17548
from PyQt4.QtCore import *
from PyQt4.QtXml import *
from qgis.core import *
from qgis.gui import *
gui_flag = True
app = QgsApplication(sys.argv, gui_flag)
# Make sure QGIS_PREFIX_PATH is set in your env if needed!
# Name of the .qgs file without extension
project_name = 'myproject'
#Important : The code is assuming that the .py file is in the same folder as the project
folderPath = QString(sys.path)+'/'
projectPath = QString(folderPath+project_name+'.qgs')
templatePath = QString(folderPath+project_name+'_firstcomposer.qpt')
imagePath = QString(folderPath+project_name+'.png')
#Getting project as Qfile and the first composer of the project as a QDomElement from the .qgs
projectAsFile = QFile(projectPath)
projectAsDocument = QDomDocument()
composerAsElement = projectAsDocument.elementsByTagName("Composer").at(0).toElement()
#This block store the composer into a template file
templateFile = QFile(templatePath)
out = QTextStream(templateFile)
#I need next line cause UTF-8 is somewhat tricky in my setup, comment out if needed
param = QString
#And this block load back the composer into a QDomDocument
#Nb: This is ugly as hell, i guess there is a way to convert a QDomElement to a QDomDocument but every attemps failed on my side...
composerAsDocument = QDomDocument()
#Now that we got all we can open our project
canvas = QgsMapCanvas()
bridge = QgsLayerTreeMapCanvasBridge(
#Lets try load that composer template we just extracted
composition = QgsComposition(canvas.mapSettings())
#And lets print in our .png
image = composition.printPageAsRaster(0)
#Some cleanup maybe?
I dropped theses lines from the previous code as they seemed to do nothing at all. They spawned no error but didn't do any better.
# You must set the id in the template
map_item = composition.getComposerItemById('map')
# You must set the id in the template
legend_item = composition.getComposerItemById('legend')
and thoses are removed too because they seemed unnecessary when using printPageAsRaster()
dpmm = dpi / 25.4
width = int(dpmm * composition.paperWidth())
height = int(dpmm * composition.paperHeight())
# create output image and initialize it
image = QImage(QSize(width, height), QImage.Format_ARGB32)
image.setDotsPerMeterX(dpmm * 1000)
image.setDotsPerMeterY(dpmm * 1000)
# render the composition
imagePainter = QPainter(image)