I have a GeoJSON from NaturalEarth for world state boundaries and I want to display it with only without backgroung. But also, I want to add a OSM layer as another baselayer option.

The code I am using is the following one, but when I check it, as OSM is in another projection, the center map does not work. However if I change the projection of "mapDiv" the one that does not work is the vector layer with the GeoJSON information.

    <script type="text/javascript">
    var lon = 5;
    var lat = 40;
    var zoom = 5;
    var map;

    function Initialize(){
        // Map
     map = new OpenLayers.Map('mapDiv', {
                new OpenLayers.Control.Navigation(),
                new OpenLayers.Control.PanZoomBar(),
                new OpenLayers.Control.LayerSwitcher()]
            } );

        // OSM          
        var osmLayer = new OpenLayers.Layer.OSM("OSM");

        // GeoJSON
        var geojsonLayer = new OpenLayers.Layer.Vector("GeoJSON", {
            isBaseLayer: true,
            strategies: [new OpenLayers.Strategy.Fixed()],
            protocol: new OpenLayers.Protocol.HTTP({
                url: "world_0.json",
                format: new OpenLayers.Format.GeoJSON()

        // Options
        map.setCenter(new OpenLayers.LonLat(lon, lat), zoom);


I have try something similar to this example, but I continue having problems when switching between the layers.

The GeoJSON has been created with SHP files from NaturalEarth with ogr2ogr command.

  • The problem is similar to this one. But the solution does not work on this case
    – iblasi
    Jun 25, 2015 at 18:13
  • I found that a solution is to define the SRS during the conversion with ogr2ogr using following command: ogr2ogr -f GeoJSON -s_srs EPSG:4326 -t_srs EPSG:900913 xxxx.json yyyy.shp. However, it will be great it someone could solve the problem without requiring the SRS change.
    – iblasi
    Jun 25, 2015 at 18:26
  • Try replacing format: new OpenLayers.Format.GeoJSON() by format: new OpenLayers.Format.GeoJSON({ 'internalProjection': new OpenLayers.Projection("EPSG:900913"), 'externalProjection': new OpenLayers.Projection("EPSG:4326") }); Jun 25, 2015 at 19:31
  • @gcarrillo your solution does not seem to work.
    – iblasi
    Jun 26, 2015 at 6:24

1 Answer 1


Transform your center point, use the internal and external Projection as cgarillo mentioned and then also define the Projection of your vectorLayer and your map:

var center_coord = new OpenLayers.LonLat(lon, lat).transform("EPSG:4326", "EPSG:3857");
    map.setCenter(center_coord, zoom);


 var geojsonLayer = new OpenLayers.Layer.Vector("GeoJSON", {
        projection: new OpenLayers.Projection("EPSG:3857"),


(slightly different method to get the features here, but still the same things to do...)

  • That's correct @Thomas B. I transformed previously the center, but projection attribute of Vector Layer is the key. Can you explain why? I mean, why EPSG:3857 and EPSG:900913 are equivalent projections? And how could I know previously OSM projection for future problems?
    – iblasi
    Jun 26, 2015 at 15:09
  • 900913 is the unofficial Code for Google Sherical Mercator and 3857 the official one ;) docs.openlayers.org/library/spherical_mercator.html
    – Thomas B
    Jun 29, 2015 at 18:52

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