A rough and ready approach to this could utilise Excel (or any other spreadsheet package) for the graph component:
- Create a polygon buffer from a point inside the CBD, when I've done
this kind of thing before I've used 100 meter increments;
- Update the lots data with the buffer value;
- Define a transect through the city - again, when I've done this
before I used the polygon select in QGIS. I used that approach to
"dodge" around park land or similar features along the transect -
although you could also just create a new polygon layer;
- Select all the lots falling within the transect;
- Export the selection as CSV to Excel, and order the lots by buffer
Cleaning - you may wish to remove all null values from the selected data before graphing as these could effect the overall distribution.
Edit You could use the Group function in Excel to generate an average, min or max of the values within each buffer distance - these could be graphed together to indicate variance within the value. This approach would work well if your transect crosses over any pockets of higher density (for example) as the max values would pick up the building heights.
1) Map with the transect and potentially selected lots shown;
2) Graph - save the final graph from Excel as a Pdf*, and insert that into the final QGIS layout
- A Pdf from Excel can be opened in Inkscape / Illustrator and further edited - it also gives you the option to save the graph as a png with a higher dpi (say 600), which means that the image is nice and sharp.