I am using python 2.7 and have gdal installed. I want to read an entire .jpg image at once and so I used statement

import gdal
from gdalconst import *
driver = gdal.GetDriverByName('JPEG')
dataset = gdal.Open('1.jpg', GA_ReadOnly)
cols = dataset.RasterXSize
rows = dataset.RasterYSize
bands = dataset.RasterCount
geotransform = dataset.GetGeoTransform()
originX = geotransform[0]
originY = geotransform[3]
pixelWidth = geotransform[1]
pixelHeight = geotransform[5]
band = dataset.GetRasterBand(1)
data = band.ReadAsArray(0, 0, cols, rows)

but I am getting an import error for gdal_array.

ImportError                               Traceback (most recent call last)
<ipython-input-7-6a16047a395b> in <module>()
----> 1 data = band.ReadAsArray(0, 0, cols, rows)

C:\Users\DELL\Anaconda\lib\site-packages\osgeo\gdal.pyc in ReadAsArray(self, xoff,        yoff, win_xsize, win_ysize, buf_xsize, buf_ysize, buf_obj)
1174     def ReadAsArray(self, xoff=0, yoff=0, win_xsize=None, win_ysize=None,
1175                     buf_xsize=None, buf_ysize=None, buf_obj=None):
-> 1176         import gdalnumeric
1178         return gdalnumeric.BandReadAsArray( self, xoff, yoff,

C:\Users\DELL\Anaconda\lib\site-packages\osgeo\gdalnumeric.py in <module>()
----> 1 from gdal_array import *
2 from numpy import *

C:\Users\DELL\Anaconda\lib\site-packages\osgeo\gdal_array.py in <module>()
 24                 fp.close()
 25             return _mod
 ---> 26     _gdal_array = swig_import_helper()
 27     del swig_import_helper
 28 else:

 C:\Users\DELL\Anaconda\lib\site-packages\osgeo\gdal_array.py in swig_import_helper()
 16             fp, pathname, description = imp.find_module('_gdal_array', [dirname(__file__)])
 17         except ImportError:
 ---> 18             import _gdal_array
 19             return _gdal_array
 20         if fp is not None:

 ImportError: No module named _gdal_array

Please tell me what could possible be going wrong. I am new to using GDAL.

  • I meet the same problem when using python 3.4 I am puzzled that when I changed to X86(32bit) version ,then it could run. expect someone to solve the probelm in x64 version. – chaobin zhang Dec 6 '16 at 11:09

Make sure you have numpy installed before you attempt to install the GDAL Python bindings; without numpy, it appears the _gdal_array native code will not be installed.

If you ended up in this situation, removing gdal, installing numpy and then reinstalling gdal might help:

    pip uninstall gdal

    pip install numpy

    pip install GDAL==$(gdal-config --version) --global-option=build_ext --global-option="-I/usr/include/gdal"

We're looking for long answers that provide some explanation and context. Don't just give a one-line answer; explain why your answer is right, ideally with citations. Answers that don't include explanations may be removed.


I had the same problem and solved it by building gdal from scratch, after I had Python 2.7 with numpy installed.


I ran across the same problem and it appears that many others have too when using the Anaconda environment. The accepted answer here did not work for me.

However, I solved it by working my way throught the alternative instalation methods listed in the Anaconda GDAL instalation documentation for the conda-forge package distributions. The last option (conda install -c conda-forge/label/cf201901 gdal) finally gave me a working environment with gdal_array. It also updated/reinstalled a ton of other packages too so be patient as it gathers information. It took a few minutes.

I don't think you need to try all of them like I did - I guess you can jump to the last one. I also suspect that the label may change over time - so I would check the documentation in the link before just cutting and pasting the command above if you look at this post a few months or years after I write this!


I am using gdal within a conda virtual environment. I had the same error, and I was able to resolve it by uninstalling and re-installing some of gdal's key dependencies.

To determine its dependencies: conda info gdal

More specifically, I had to conda uninstall the following:

  • gdal
  • numpy
  • libgdal
  • geos

Quick note on geos: it was not listed as a dependency upon querying with conda info. However, when attempting to reinstall gdal, I had found that there were conflicting libraries associated with geos, so I uninstalled it for thoroughness.

Then, a quick conda install gdal will re-install gdal and its dependencies. When you re-install gdal again with the above line, double-check that you are installing gdal version > 2.0

These specific commands will be different depending on your python distribution / package manager. But hopefully, following a similar procedure of uninstalling/reinstalling will enable you to get a working version.


I just solved this by placing the right files extracted from RPM. Here is where I get my 64bit RPM http://www.filewatcher.com/d/Mandriva/2010.1/x86_64/Sciences/Geosciences/gdal-python-1.7.2-1mdv2010.1.x86_64.rpm.220418.html

Using the rpm extraction command provided by http://www.cyberciti.biz/tips/how-to-extract-an-rpm-package-without-installing-it.html

I was able to find the lost _gdal_array.* files in the path below usr/lib64/python2.6/site-packages/GDAL-1.7.2-py2.6-linux-x86_64.egg/osgeo/

Then simply copy _gdal_array.* to python2.7/site-packages/osgeo/ and problem solved. Hope this helps anyone with similar problems.

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