I have set up GeoServer with PostgreSQL/PostGIS as database. Imported a country boundary shapefile into the database and published as WMS.
The data has got the Country name attribute in the "label" column.
I setup a map client using Openlayers, and it shows so many labels when zoomed in, one for each tile.

Can I publish the wms map as a Single Image, (without multiple image tiles) to avoid duplicate country name labels?

Or is there any other successful methods to do this in SLD?

I have read many answers and tried vendor options to correct this, nothing worked.
Some similar questions were seen as removed as duplicates, but sincerely, I got no solution for this duplicate label issue in GeoServer.

More Info: I am using GeoServer 2.7.0
Using openlayers javascript from :


And the Openlayers code is:

<script type="text/javascript">
    var map;
    function init() {
        map = new OpenLayers.Map({
            div: "map",
            projection: new OpenLayers.Projection("EPSG:900913"),
            controls: [],
            numZoomLevels: 8,
            maxZoomLevel: 16
        var osm = new OpenLayers.Layer.OSM("Open Street");
        var gmap = new OpenLayers.Layer.Google("Google Streets");
        Layer1 = new OpenLayers.Layer.WMS("1648", "http://localhost:8080/geoserver/wms", 
        { layers: 'my_wor:Layer1', transparent: true },
        { isBaseLayer: false });

        Layer2 = new OpenLayers.Layer.WMS("2015", "http://localhost:8080/geoserver/wms", 
        { layers: 'my_wor:Layer2', transparent: true },
        { isBaseLayer: false });

        map.addLayers([gmap, osm, Layer1, Layer2]);

        map.addControl(new OpenLayers.Control.LayerSwitcher());
        map.addControl(new OpenLayers.Control.ScaleLine());
        map.addControl(new OpenLayers.Control.OverviewMap());
        map.addControl(new OpenLayers.Control.Navigation());
        map.addControl(new OpenLayers.Control.PanZoomBar());

See the SLD below, with the vendor options "group" is given true.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?> <StyledLayerDescriptor version="1.0.0" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.opengis.net/sld StyledLayerDescriptor.xsd" xmlns="http://www.opengis.net/sld" xmlns:ogc="http://www.opengis.net/ogc" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"> <NamedLayer> <Name>Polygon with styled label</Name> <UserStyle> <Title>SLD Cook Book: Polygon with styled label</Title> <FeatureTypeStyle> <Rule> <PolygonSymbolizer> <Fill> <CssParameter name="fill">#FF0000</CssParameter> </Fill> <Stroke> <CssParameter name="stroke">#CCCCCC</CssParameter> <CssParameter name="stroke-width">1</CssParameter> </Stroke> </PolygonSymbolizer>
<TextSymbolizer> <Label> <ogc:PropertyName>label</ogc:PropertyName> </Label> <Font> <CssParameter name="font-family">Arial</CssParameter> <CssParameter name="font-size">12</CssParameter> <CssParameter name="font-style">normal</CssParameter> <CssParameter name="font-weight">bold</CssParameter> </Font> <LabelPlacement> <PointPlacement> <AnchorPoint> <AnchorPointX>0.5</AnchorPointX> <AnchorPointY>0.5</AnchorPointY> </AnchorPoint> </PointPlacement> </LabelPlacement> <Fill> <CssParameter name="fill">#000000</CssParameter> </Fill> <VendorOption name="autoWrap">160</VendorOption> <VendorOption name="repeat">0</VendorOption> <VendorOption name="group">true</VendorOption> <VendorOption name="labelAllGroup">false</VendorOption>
</TextSymbolizer> </Rule> </FeatureTypeStyle> </UserStyle> </NamedLayer> </StyledLayerDescriptor>

  • Well try with the Single Image, and see what happen.But it might be that you have multigeometries and that there is a label for each part of the multigeometries. Is this the case?
    – Djana
    Commented Jul 14, 2015 at 12:00
  • 1
    How to set up single image? I couldn't find a way in Geoserver admin. Yes,I am drawing a single multipolygon for the country. Does that make the problem? Commented Jul 14, 2015 at 14:45
  • Is this such a tough problem with label duplication or single image wms rendering in Geoserver? Commented Jul 15, 2015 at 11:57

2 Answers 2


I will try to be as clear as possible, but I am not sure I understood everything that your are asking. You might want to edit your post with additional information or a concrete example and the version of Geoserver you are using.

Problem 1: you have duplicate labels due to the tiling of your WMS request by OL

-> solution: in Open Layer, request a single WMS image (see example here http://openlayers.org/en/v3.1.1/examples/wms-image.html)

Problem 2: you have duplicate labels due to multi geometries

-> solution: use the vendor option group in Geoserver SLD

The group option allows displaying a single label for multiple features in a logical group.

(see here http://docs.geoserver.org/latest/en/user/styling/sld-reference/labeling.html)

These are not miracle solutions and you might still need to tweek your SLD to get exactly what you want.

EDIT – regarding Problem 2

A possible trick I used on a small dataset: manually delete the label value for the smaller entities of my multi-geometries. However, I would not consider this good practice.

Another trick would be to create a additional column in your database and to assign 1 (=need a label) and 0 (=does not need a label) and to use it in a conditional filter in SLD to tell Geoserver whether to draw a label or not


(after the comment from @user30184 & @OpenMapperz)

This is the same example, but for OL3 here http://openlayers.org/en/master/examples/wms-image.html?q=wms

If you want to find the relevant syntax, look at the OL3 documentation. The relevant point here is to use the object ol.layer.Image with ol.layer.ImageWMS.

  • I have edited the question adding more details and code snippets. Commented Jul 15, 2015 at 17:39
  • 1
    The right term is "single tile" and here is on OpenLayers 2 example dev.openlayers.org/examples/single-tile.html. You can also compare tiled/single tile settings with the layer preview application (OL3) that comes with GeoServer. Open the advanced settings of the preview and you will see the menu.
    – user30184
    Commented Jul 16, 2015 at 13:16
  • In Geoserver Layer preview(OL3), the code is like this: ` var untiled = new ol.layer.Image({ source: new ol.source.ImageWMS({ ratio: 1, url: 'localhost:8080/geoserver/myworkspace/wms', params: {'FORMAT': format, 'VERSION': '1.1.1', LAYERS: 'myworkspace:mylayername', STYLES: '', } }) }); ` What is the relevant syntax to take from this? Commented Jul 20, 2015 at 7:14
  • I had the problem of multiple labels on geoserver and openlayer set up changing to ol.layer.Image and ol.layer.ImageWMS solved the issue.
    – mapperx
    Commented Jan 2, 2018 at 19:37

You have to add <ogc:Function name="centroid"> with geometry field

t6431_geometry t6431_name Times New Roman 11 normal bold 0.5 0.5 #000000 60 150

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