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I have a road network of center lines of MultiLinestrings. They have nodes at every intersection. I try to understand how I can merge roads together that have the same category as attribute (there are about 80 different categories). Roads with the same category are not always connected, so I guess I need to have the result back as a MultiLineString again but grouped on attribute value.

Is there a way to do this?

Edit: I played around some more and almost got the result I wanted. Simply using

SELECT  "category", ((ST_Collect(geom))) as geom FROM s.road GROUP BY "category"

But this seem to be returned as a Geometrycollection of Multilinestrings and cannot be loaded into QGIS. Any advice?

Edit 28.07

Final solution:

SELECT  "category", ((ST_Union(geom))) as geom FROM s.road GROUP BY "category"

Using ST_Union instead of ST_Collect gave me the results I wanted. For beginners in SQL like myself can I explain why. ST_Union dissolve overlapping and overlapping regions whereas Collect does not. The consequences using ST_collect in this case with MultiLineString is that the result is a Geometry collection that is not a supported type for QGIS to load.

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SELECT category, ST_Union(geom) geom FROM s.road GROUP BY category;

You might want to use ST_Dump() afterwards not to have multilinestrings in the result.

  • Thanks I tried, but it did not work for me. I Have however got it into Linestrings (10k<) and now need to get the Linestring with the same category to create a MultiLineString. Never done these things before, am I completely out? – geogrow Jul 27 '15 at 13:58
  • What happens with ST_Union? – user30184 Jul 27 '15 at 15:47
  • Use ST_Multi() to promote linestrings to multilinestrings. – Michal Zimmermann Jul 27 '15 at 16:16

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