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I have streams of GPS points that are transmitted from a device aboard a bus in real time. I would like to use these points to infer which route the bus is following. I have routes stored as GPS point of bus stops, with a path shape which I have interpolated points every 20 meters. Currently I use the incoming points to narrow down the possible routes the vehicle is on using a finite state machine, by indicating a vehicle as possibly being on a route if it is within 50m of any point on the route.

The value of 50m is required due to the inaccuracy of the GPS unit. I therefore figured it would be better if I used map-matching to snap the incoming GPS coordinate to a road first so that I could use a smaller value of say 10m. It then occurred to me that instead of matching to a general road network, I could match to a map of just bus routes.

In the case of bus routes however, several routes follow the same road. I figured I could thus possibly use a map-matcher to solve my whole problem.

  • Can any map-matching algorithm match to more than one road simultaneously?

  • I am writing my algorithm in C#. Does anyone know of any open-source C# implementation of a map-matcher I can tinker with?

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Restricting your road network to the bus paths will dramatically increase the performance of any map-matching algorithm. Keep in mind that bus drivers can make mistakes/service trips though:) Instead of matching a road with a single point, match the entire trip to remove ambiguities.

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