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I am looking for a layered image of the world (preferably a vector-image), where continents are handled as layers (i.e. Europe is one layer, North-America is another, and so on).

I've been searching for hours on google, but to no avail.

Map projection should preferably be equirectangular, Miller cylindrical, or Gall stereographic.

  • Welcome to GIS.SE, can you add some more detail to your question - such as what you plan to do with the map. Layer is a specific term on gis.se and I think we mean something different to what you do. We would normally refer to this as being a layer with different features in it for the continents. – Ian Turton Aug 10 '15 at 18:46
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I'd recommend Natural Earth for this sort of data. It comes as shapefiles which can be read by any GIS system (e.g. QGIS)

Each country's record has a lot of associated data, this includes which continent it's in, so for example you could colourize each country by continent. You can also split layers out by field value, using a plugin. That'll give you your multiple layers.

There are a number of different scales; the 10m set is more detailed so more useful if you intend to zoom in; the 110m set is less detailed.

In QGIS you could export the resulting map (using print composer) to an image (png), svg or pdf. Or just save what you see on-screen if you don't need a high resolution image,

These sets of data are in WGS84, but QGIS will reproject to any of the projections you were after (note that equirectangular is called Plat Caree in the list of supported projections).

If you decide to try out QGIS, I'd recommend that you also download the graticules data set from NaturalEarth. This includes a WGS84 bounding box, and I find it's helpful to clip the countries layer to the bounding box when using certain projections, as you sometimes get odd rendering artifacts when things cross the 180 degree antimeridian.

Here's a quick example done in QGIS... colourized by continent, projected on-the-fly to Gall Stereographic

enter image description here

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I am not sure you can find a set of layers as you want but, the commands below generate them:

  1. Download world borders from http://thematicmapping.org/downloads/TM_WORLD_BORDERS-0.3.zip or from the Global Administrative Areas (http://www.gadm.org/version2).

  2. Unzip the file.

  3. Run the following commands in your terminal:

    $ ogr2ogr -where "REGION = 2" africa.shp TM_WORLD_BORDERS-0.3.shp
    $ ogr2ogr -where "REGION = 0" antarctica.shp TM_WORLD_BORDERS-0.3.shp
    $ ogr2ogr -where "REGION = 19" america.shp TM_WORLD_BORDERS-0.3.shp
    $ ogr2ogr -where "REGION = 150" europe.shp TM_WORLD_BORDERS-0.3.shp
    $ ogr2ogr -where "REGION = 142" asia.shp TM_WORLD_BORDERS-0.3.shp
    $ ogr2ogr -where "REGION = 9" oceania.shp TM_WORLD_BORDERS-0.3.shp
    

Now, you have one shapefile for each region and you can use QGIS to visualise, style and plot as you want.

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