I am working with GeoJSON files and need to store them in PostgreSQL using perl. I can do this in 2 steps:

open (JSON,">$path/tmp/current.json");
print JSON $fullJSON;
close JSON;

followed by:

`/usr/bin/ogr2ogr -f "PostgreSQL" PG:"dbname=database user=datauser" "$path/tmp/current.json" -nln datatable -append`;
 unlink ("$path/tmp/current.json");

But I was hoping for a pure perl solution, without using the ogr2ogr executable. I was reading about Geo::GDAL, but not sure if this is the right tool.

I was experimenting a bit with some code I found:

my $sth = $dbh->prepare("INSERT INTO datatable (geom) VALUES (GeomFromEWKT('SRID=?;POINT(? ? ?)'));")

But couldn't quite get the syntax right. The whole JSON string is: $fullJSON

If anyone has any info or code to perform this task, I'd love to see it. It seems pretty straight forward.


For me very interesting question, because I like perl and with the new swig based Geo::OGR, Geo::GDAL bindings created with GDAL 2.0.2 (good stuff since version 1.11) and maintained by Ari Jolma it seems to be perfect to handle geo stuff in perl too.

In short: You should use the professional ogr2ogr tool and the following script is more a how to use GDAL with perl, how to read the layer infos and how to itereate over the features and create some SQL statements. I think perl API is very similar to the python API. I also avoid to handle the DBI stuff and generate a classical INSERT statement instead.

To get an idea how to use GDAL in perl you could use 80% of the python cookbook (language cross over) and the perl class reference for the rest.

I downlaod an example cities.geojson, thanks to Michael Mahemoff. All the settings in the perl file are static params ($file, $layer, $epsg, field keys) and matching the content of this file. I want only to get an idea how it works and feels.

Here the quick and dirty script called test-json.pl:

#!/usr/bin/perl -w
use strict;
use Geo::OGR;

# Set the driver name
my $dname  = 'GeoJSON';

# Set the json file
my $file   = 'cities.geojson';

# Set the layer name
my $lname = 'OGRGeoJSON';

# Set the city column name
my $key_city = 'city';

# Set the geometry column name
my $key_geom = 'geom';

# Set the table name
my $table = 'table'; 

# Set EPSG
my $epsg = '4326';

# Get the driver
my $driver    = Geo::OGR::GetDriverByName($dname)
   or die "Unkown driver $dname \n";

# Open the file 
my $dsource   = $driver->Open($file)
   or die "Unkown file $file \n";

# List the layers to investigate the stuff
# to get all the settings above key_..., epsg

To iterate over the feature and print the INSERT statement, I use this loop:

# Open the layer for iteration again
my $layer = $dsource->GetLayerByName($lname)
    or die "Unkown layer $lname \n";

# Iterate over the features
while (my $data = $layer->GetNextFeature) {
    my $geom = $data->Geometry->AsText; # get the geom as WKT
    my $city = $data->{$key_city};      # get the city name
    $city = &escapeSqlStr($city);       # do some escaping without UTF8 ;-)
    # build the insert statement
    print "INSERT INTO $table ($key_city, $key_geom) VALUES\n".
        "($city, ST_GeomFromEWKT('SRID=$epsg;$geom');\n\n";
} # finished

The service routine to list the layes and attributes:

# sub routine to get the layers and attributes
# @param is a dataSource
sub listLayers() {
    my $dataSource = shift;
    # Iterate over the layers
    for my $lix (0..$dataSource->GetLayerCount-1) {
        my $layer = $dataSource->GetLayerByIndex($lix); # get the layer
        my $srs   = $layer->GetSpatialRef;   # get the spatial reference system
        my $gtype = $layer->GeometryType;    # get the geometry type
        my $numFt = $layer->GetFeatureCount; # get the number of features
        # Layer statistics
        print "layer: ",$lix+1,
            " name:", $layer->GetName,
            " features: ", $numFt,
            " type: ", $gtype,
            "\n  spatial-reference: ", $srs->Export('Proj4'),"\n";

        # List attrbutes
        my $layerDefn = $layer->GetLayerDefn(); # get the layer definition metadata
        for my $fix (0..$layerDefn->GetFieldCount-1) {
            my $fieldDefn = $layerDefn->GetFieldDefn($fix); # get the field defintion
            print "  attribute: ", $fix+1,
                " name: ", $fieldDefn->Name,
                " type: ",$fieldDefn->Type,"\n";
        print "\n";

And some Q&D escape and null handling stuff:

# sub routine for a minimal NULL and escape handling
# routine better done with DBI (no UTF8 URI handling here)
sub escapeSqlStr() {
    my $str = shift;
    return 'NULL' if ! $str;
    $str =~ s/'/\'/s;
    return "'".$str."'";


The script gives me this output:

$ ./test-json.pl | head

layer: 1 name:OGRGeoJSON features: 661 type: Point
  spatial-reference: +proj=longlat +datum=WGS84 +no_defs 
  attribute: 1 name: wikipedia type: String
  attribute: 2 name: city type: String

INSERT INTO table (city, geom) VALUES
('Adak', ST_GeomFromEWKT('SRID=4326;POINT (-176.633 51.883)');
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