We are running a ArcGIS Server Standard Workgroup on Azure VM. I just upgraded to ver. 10.3.1 and everything looked fine until I tried to publish anything. See video: http://screencast.com/t/VCtkxfHSY8ZX
It also fails when trying to publish from ArcMap (Error messages: http://screencast.com/t/VBIG6Xv8s0nx)
I installed a fresh Azure VM with latest ArcGIS Server image, and everything looked fine (publishing worked). But as soon as I added Users and Roles to one of the services, the publishing failed (as shown in the video above)
Are there anyone else that has experienced this? Any ideas on how to fix it?