I am creating a 3D rendering of a future building and would like to know the distance from which this building would be visible from. Is it possible to use ArcGIS to define a boundary that delineates where you could see the building from? I plan on using SketchUp Pro 2016 to create the building and Arc to show the distance from which the building can be seen.
Yes, this is one of the options available under viewshed tools in the spatial analyst extension of ArcGIS.
Using GIS, viewsheds can be calculated to show areas where observed objects, such as towers and turbines, can be seen, or, conversely, to show areas that can be seen from specified objects, such as steeples or observation decks.
You will need a DEM for your region.