Originally I was trying to add a empty layer that was stored on disk. That contained no data. I created the empty layer , by making a group layer within my mxd and then saving it onto a location on my computer
The process was detailed here
My original question was "once my layer has been added to my group layer . How do I rename it "
At the time I was struggling to understand how to access empty layer I had just added. I was getting bogged down in trying to understand the list feature of the group and its sub groups. Thinking I need to access the Empty layer first by going into its top level group. But In this case I did not need to list the layers because I was all ready able to access the layer from the code that had loaded into my Group
So all that is needed to add to the code , as supplied on the previous post is
mxd = arcpy.mapping.MapDocument(r"C:\Temp\test.mxd") df = arcpy.mapping.ListDataFrames(mxd, "Layers") groupLayer = arcpy.mapping.Layer(r"C:\Temp\Group.lyr")
Inside here you can then rename the layer you another name
groupLayer.name = 'NEW_NAME' arcpy.mapping.AddLayer(df, groupLayer, "BOTTOM") targetGroupLayer = arcpy.mapping.ListLayers(mxd, "Group", df) addLayer = arcpy.mapping.Layer(r"C:\Temp\Group2.lyr") arcpy.mapping.AddLayerToGroup(df, targetGroupLayer, addLayer, "BOTTOM") mxd.save() del mxd,df