I'm new using ArcMap and I have a GDB of schools (and its enrollment data) at block level. What I need to do is to find the places with the most concentration of enrollment in a radius of 5km. Since I'm new using this tool I'm completely lost.

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    Do you have an instructor that can help you? – Vince Feb 3 '16 at 15:39
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    what defines the "places"? and what are the "blocks"? Are these census blocks? This question is missing some background information. Please also see the tour gis.stackexchange.com/tour – jbchurchill Feb 3 '16 at 16:19
  • Thank you for your response, indeed, the "places" I want to find are at block level (it's a census of all the schools built in Perú). Therefore each dot in the map is a school, provided with enrollment information. So the main purpose of this study is to assess where are zones or hot spots with high density of students, using as a main criteria a radius of 5km. – jcrespo83 Feb 4 '16 at 16:10

I would suggest reading up on spatial statistics. In particular, I would look at spatial autocorrelation and clusters. The ArcGIS Resource page on the Spatial Statistics toolbox might be a good place to start.


As you suggested in a comment to the question, convert each enrollment value in the GDB to an enrollment density by dividing it by the block's area. Convert this layer to a grid. Compute its focal sum using a 5 km radius. Multiply that, if you like, by the area of each grid cell (equal to the square of the cellsize). Notice that this cancels out the preliminary division-by-area: you have now produced a grid whose cell values are total enrollment within a 5 km radius. Highlight the cells with the largest values: these are your "hot spots."

You will need access to a raster-based GIS, such as Spatial Analyst, to carry this out. Open-source solutions exist in GRASS, R, Python, and other platforms.

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