I have produced a SpatialPoints object (named v3) in R from the function gIntersection (package rgeos). The SpatialPoints object v3 has the following structure and is represented by red points on the image below.

    > summary(v3)
    Object of class SpatialPoints
            min       max
    x  310440.5  310680.5
    y 4996427.5 4997297.5
    Is projected: TRUE 
    proj4string :
    [+proj=tmerc +lat_0=0 +lon_0=-73.5 +k=0.9999 +x_0=304800 +y_0=0 +ellps=GRS80 +towgs84=0,0,0,0,0,0,0
    +units=m +no_defs]
    Number of points: 32

enter image description here

From the SpatialPoints object v3, how can I convert the red points into 3 spatial lines as in the image below ?

enter image description here

The SpatialPoints object v3 has only spatial coordinates x and y.


I used the function gIntersection with two objects of class spatialPolygons (squares in the images) and I almost get the desired result (i.e., to draw boundaries between polygons that have different values). But the function gIntersection creates a object of class SpatialCollections with 1 feature. So, How can I convert objects of class SpatialCollections into objects of class SpatialLines ? From the reproducible example, I would like to get only the lines in red (and not the points).

Here the reproducible example:

r <- raster(ncols=90, nrows=50, resolution = 30)
projection(r) <- CRS("+proj=tmerc +lat_0=0 +lon_0=-73.5 +k=0.9999 +x_0=304800 +y_0=0 +ellps=GRS80 +datum=NAD83 +units=m +no_defs")
values(r) <- sample(1:3, ncell(r), replace=TRUE)

p1 <- rasterToPolygons(r, fun=function(x){x==1})
p1 <- as(p1,"SpatialPolygons")

p2 <- rasterToPolygons(r, fun=function(x){x==3})
p2 <- as(p2,"SpatialPolygons")

p3 <- gIntersection(p1,p2,byid=T)
> p3
class       : SpatialCollections 
features    : 1 
extent      : -180, 180, -90, 90  (xmin, xmax, ymin, ymax)
coord. ref. : +proj=tmerc +lat_0=0 +lon_0=-73.5 +k=0.9999 +x_0=304800 +y_0=0 +ellps=GRS80 +datum=NAD83 +units=m +no_defs +towgs84=0,0,0 

1 Answer 1


Rather than this images you should provide some data. You can make SpatialLines with spLines in raster


But the points need to be ordered correctly, and if they are not, it may be difficult to get them in the right order.

To get a SpatialLines object from your SpatialCollection do

x <- p3@lineobj
  • Thank you very much RobertH for your help. I added a reproducible example.
    – Pierre
    Feb 23, 2016 at 21:14
  • and I added a response to that Feb 23, 2016 at 21:52

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