import csv,sys
import osgeo.ogr, osgeo.osr #we will need some packages
from osgeo import ogr
from osgeo import *
import osgeo.osr as osr

def test():
    boolValue = True
    canvas = qgis.utils.iface.mapCanvas()
    spatialReference = osr.SpatialReference() #will create a spatial reference locally to tell the system what the reference will be
    spatialReference.ImportFromEPSG(4326) #here we define this reference to be the EPSG code
    driver = osgeo.ogr.GetDriverByName('ESRI Shapefile') # will select the driver for our shp-file creation.
    export_shp = r'E:\Folder'
    shapeData = driver.CreateDataSource(export_shp) #so there we will store our data
    outLayer = shapeData.CreateLayer(str('WaypointLayer'), spatialReference, osgeo.ogr.wkbPoint) #this will create a corresponding layer for our data with given spatial information.
    outDataSource = driver.Open(export_shp, 1)
    outLayer = outDataSource.GetLayer()
    layer_defn = outLayer.GetLayerDefn() # gets parameters of the current shapefile
    index = 0

# Reading the CSV file
    cnt = 0
    input_file = r'E:\Folder\CSV\points.csv' 
    with open(input_file, 'rb') as csvfile:
        readerDict = csv.DictReader(csvfile)

# Create the fields in the layer
        for header in readerDict.fieldnames:
            field_name = ogr.FieldDefn(header, ogr.OFTString)

        for row in readerDict:
            print (row['latitude'], row['longitude'])
            point = osgeo.ogr.Geometry(osgeo.ogr.wkbPoint)
            point.AddPoint(float(row['longitude']), float(row['latitude'])) #we do have LATs and LONs as Strings, so we convert them
            feature = osgeo.ogr.Feature(layer_defn)
            feature.SetGeometry(point) #set the coordinates

            for field in readerDict.fieldnames:
                i = feature.GetFieldIndex(field)
                feature.SetField(i, row[field])
            index += 1
    conLayer = QgsVectorLayer(export_shp,'pointLayer',"ogr")

The problem is that initially it is not updating the data in the attribute table but it creates the features when I executed once. When I executed again it is updating the field data. It sometimes create duplicates also.

What I am doing wrong here?

2 Answers 2


The question is "PyQGIS: How to convert the CSV to point shape file using python" and you only use ogr, Python only without PyQGIS.

In fact, you don't need PyQGIS or ArcPy, you can use Python only and there are alternatives to ogr, easier (Problem intersecting shapefiles with OGR in Python)

  • I am doing in QGIS and my code is working fine except that the layer is not editable first time but it is editable second time even though i am doing destroy() at the end. So if i want the layer to be editable what changes i have to do ?
    – user99
    Mar 9, 2016 at 7:09

What GIS software are you using? ArcGIS or QGIS.

If ArcGIS this should be fairly simple:

arcpy.MakeXYEventLayer_management(InputCSV, "lng", "lat", "xylayer")

and then

arcpy.FeatureClassToFeatureClass_conversion(xylayer, outputDir, fcName)

*Also would you want any other information besides the xy locations from the csv file?

I do not know how to do this in QGIS

  • This only works on a system with Esri's Arcgis installed. Those that do large automated processes might not want to use Windows on their servers, meaning no Esri installation and no arcpy lib.
    – Isaac
    Aug 8, 2020 at 17:40

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