In ArcGIS the function called "Auto Registration" and it can automatically georeference raster
Is there a way in QGIS to do the same? I seek in the transformation settings and in the setting georeferencer but found nothing.
I think the closest available tool is the GRASS tool i.points.auto which aims to automatically generate ground control points to geocode rasters.
It is available for GRASS 7.0 so it may also be available in QGIS 2.14. Otherwise you may need to use GRASS GIS 7 which already comes bundled with QGIS 2.14.