I'm not sure of the right terminology to use to google for a database of information.
The data in the database should list geographic characteristics of an arbitrary lat/long. Stuff like height relative to sea level, country name, mountainous, prairie, tundra, desert, ocean, ocean trench, etc...
I have tried looking for geographic data by lat/long and ended up with what looks to be map data (NaturalEarthData.com)
I've looked at Spatial data? Geodata? Geographic Data? Geospatial data? and it looks like I need to avoid Geographic Data and look for either Spatial data or Geospatial data, but I'd like to get some confirmation on the matter.
I've also seen the various comments on the site pointing to opendata.se, and will post a question about the actual dataset there. This question is specific to what kind of terminology should I be using when discussing the type of data that I'm looking for?