I want to measure the distance between two points on the horizon and vertical axis. Is any function on GIS can achieve this?
closed as unclear what you're asking by PolyGeo♦ Jul 6 '16 at 20:12
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Note: many GIS distance calculators only calculate 2D distances either on the ellipsoid surface or a planar surface.
Subtract the first point's elevation (z) from the second point's and take the absolute value. That's your vertical distance.
Create a third point that has the elevation of point 1 but the xy (or lat-lon) coordinates of point 2.
Run a distance calculator on point 1 and point 3 to get the horizontal distance.