From time to time it happens to me that rasters disappear at certain zoom level in ArcMap, or only some parts of the raster (strips) show up. I'm working on WinXP, ArcGIS / ArcView 10, Sp2, rasters are jpg files, both with and without pyramids. Anyone facing a similar behaviour? Any tips what is the reason and solution for this? It's really annoying.
Facing the same stripe-problem I found out that only progressive JPG produce these stripes. I exported the image as non-progressive JPG and the stripes where gone. Playing around I found out the visible stripe occurs where you zoom in first. Areas above and under are not visible if you zoom in beyond a certain zoom level.
Recalculating or abandoning the pyramids made no difference.
(ArcGIS 10.2.2 with a JPG, 3000x2500 pixel, exported from PDF, tested with GIMP and Irfan)
To convert progressive to non-progressive JPG lossless with Irfan View you can follow this tutorial.