I have longtitude and lattitude coordinates of one point and spherical distance between this and another point on Earth in kilometers (the shortest distance over the earth’s surface). I need to calculate what is the distance between these points in straight line. Can anybody help?
Thanks to trigonometric functions we know that
where is your spherical distance, is the earth radius in km, and stands for "euclidian".
Since the earth is only approximately spherical, you should consider Matte's comment. Indeed,
Distances from points on the surface to the center range from 6,353 km to 6,384 km (3,947–3,968 mi). Several different ways of modeling the Earth as a sphere each yield a mean radius of 6,371 km (3,959 mi).