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I'm pretty new to GIS matter and have no idea how to get the right projection of a point.

What's the projection for point (582865.200436, 3541848.067073)?

I have a .prj and corresponding .shp file. The following, is the content of '.prj' file: PROJCS["WGS_1984_UTM_Zone_39N",GEOGCS["GCS_WGS_1984",DATUM["D_WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS_1984",6378137.0,298.257223563]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0.0],UNIT["Degree",0.0174532925199433]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["False_Easting",500000.0],PARAMETER["False_Northing",0.0],PARAMETER["Central_Meridian",51.0],PARAMETER["Scale_Factor",0.9996],PARAMETER["Latitude_Of_Origin",0.0],UNIT["Meter",1.0]]

I have found PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"] in the above content and based on real location of the file (approximately around Iran/Asia) i guess the corresponding projection should be 2059.

How can I find out the correct projection and unit of a '.shp' file out of it's corresponding '.prj' file or any other evidences?

  • 7
    Pay attention to "UTM ZONE 39N". – user30184 Dec 15 '16 at 6:37
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    If the shapefile has a .prj and it can be trusted, then your question is already answered. If what you want is the EPSG SRID, you should edit the question to specify that. – Vince Dec 15 '16 at 12:07
  • no the content of the file is trusty and i had the answer, but a i'm curious what would it's like if i hadn't prj file? – Rzassar Dec 15 '16 at 12:28
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There are plenty of ways to do this using both open source (pyproj, gdal, postgis) and commercial libraries (ArcGIS). If it's just a one time work, you could use this service from Boundless:

http://prj2epsg.org/search

The service is:

Prj2EPSG is a simple service for converting well-known text projection information from .prj files into standard EPSG codes.

If you paste the contents of the .prj file into the search window, you will get back:

32639 - WGS_1984_UTM_Zone_39N and the description:

Name: WGS 84 / UTM zone 39N 
Scope: Large and medium scale topographic mapping and engineering survey. Remarks: - 
Area of validity: Between 48?E and 54?E; northern hemisphere. Azerbaijan. Bahrain. Islamic Republic of Iran. Iraq. Kazakhstan. Kuwait. Oman. Qatar. Russian Federation. Saudi Arabia. Somalia. Turkmenistan. United Arab Emirates. Yemen.

The unit information is already present in the WKT (i.e., the contents of the .prj file) - UNIT["Meter",1.0].

  • 2
    actually the unit is the last one UNIT["Meter",1.0] metres – Ian Turton Dec 15 '16 at 9:13
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    @iant, ah, thanks! Missed that this was connected to the gcs. Updated the answer. – Alex Tereshenkov Dec 15 '16 at 9:43

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