I have installed GDAL and checked on the command line, it is working and when I run the gdal2tiles.py on the command line it works but when I run the same file gdal2tiles.py with python IDLE, I get "No module named 'osgeo'" error. Can you assist.

6 Answers 6


Try this,

pip install --global-option=build_ext --global-option="-I/usr/include/gdal" GDAL==`gdal-config --version`    
  • It works well in my Mac with Python 3.8.3 (default, Jul 2 2020, 11:26:31) Anaconda. Successfully installed GDAL-3.2.0
    – Hua Zhang
    Nov 19, 2020 at 0:18
  • @Saroj, would appreciate it if you could explain why this works as it does or point to an explanation somewhere? Nov 19, 2020 at 2:24
  • Worked for me, but needed sudo apt install libgdal-dev first.
    – khaverim
    Aug 25, 2021 at 14:53

This sounds like you have multiple python installations, and GDAL is installed on one and not the other.

Try the following (which I have based upon this). Create a text file within your python installation site packages folder C:\Python27\Lib\site-packages called usrlocal.pth. In this text file insert one line giving the path to your second python installation site packages folder which features the GDAL install, for example:

  • I have done the above but now getting different error and also noticed what you mention above regarding two python (27 and 34)
    – Asanda
    Jan 31, 2017 at 6:27
  • I removed the second python but still not working...
    – Asanda
    Jan 31, 2017 at 7:50
  • You're a wizard Har.. Jimmy
    – Akaisteph7
    Jun 24, 2022 at 23:22

Got the same problem. I fixed ir by installing python-gdal using synaptic with my Debian Jessie

  • 2
    Ok, but this question is for Windows OS (check tag osgeo4w). Your answer solves the problem in this OS?
    – aldo_tapia
    Sep 6, 2017 at 19:35

Another possibility is using easy_install from Python:

easy_install gdal

Preferably install numpy for array operations first:

easy_install numpy

For more information about easy_install/setup tools: https://setuptools.readthedocs.io/en/latest/easy_install.html


I was struggling with this as well. Finally, I created a new virtualenv using Anaconda following this: How to Install PyTorch on Windows Step by Step.

Next, I just used anaconda prompt to install GDAL, i.e. typed: conda install GDAL. It worked! Pycharm recognises OSGeo now.


For GDAL 3.7.1 built from source using CMake on Ubuntu 20.04, the following worked for me using Python 3.8.10.

sudo apt-get install python3-gdal

I was then able to do from osgeo import gdal for my application.

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