I have been trying to calculate Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI) using Sentinel-2 Level 1C imagery. I have atmospherically corrected the imagery (so the imagery is in BOA) but I can't seem to derive EVI in ArcGIS.

I have been calculating EVI using Raster Calculator using the following formula (2-band EVI):

(2.5 * ("Band 8" - "Band 4")) / ("Band 8" + (2.4 * "Band 4") + 1)

The range of the values are between 2.4 and -1.8 and the theoretical range is between 1 and -1.

Is there anyway that I can correct this?

  • Have you updated your ENVI to the latest version ? – PROBERT Jan 30 '17 at 15:43
  • @PROBERT no I haven't. Is it better to calculate it in ENVI? – Shaupt Jan 31 '17 at 9:14
  • I don't know if your version is up to date...however I found this and not sure if your equation is right ..but here it is the link to there..semiautomaticclassificationmanual-v5.readthedocs.io/en/latest/… . It is under 3.1.13. Spectral Indices. – PROBERT Jan 31 '17 at 15:32
  • @PROBERT The question seems to be strictly about the EVI , with no reference to the usage of the application ENVI. – Kersten Feb 1 '17 at 7:59
  • @Kersten. I was trying to help him/her to check if ENVI has the latest version and they might have it. I used to use ENVI and they have all the list of equation to choose. So, if they updated that EVI , they might have but I don't know. I might be wrong. So, I check it out and found the link to share is what I am trying to ensure if his equation is correct. That is all. – PROBERT Feb 1 '17 at 16:20

Sentinel 2 L1C reflectances are multiplied by 10000. Therefore you should adapt your equation in order to take the into account (or you can divide all values by 10000, but I wouldn't do this). On the other hand, it is worth noting that, while most values will ly between -1 and 1, EVI could mathematically be out of this range.

(2.5 * float("Band 8" - "Band 4")) / ("Band 8" + (2.4 * "Band 4") + 10000)

As a remark, I don't see the reason to use "2 bands" EVI when you have a multispectral sensor with NIR, red and blue bands available at the highest spatial resolution (in this case of S2, 10 m). According to Huete et al 1997, the original EVI is 2.5 * ((NIR − R)/(1 + NIR + 6R − 7.5B)). The B(lue) band correspond to band 2 of Sentinel-2 MSI, NIR to Band 8 and R(ed) to band 4. As far as I know, no empirical study tried to adjust these parameters for the specific spectral response of the Sentinel-2 MSI bands, but they re "useable" like this.

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